Geography and Historical Inference: The Effects of the Napoleonic Wars on Europe



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World History Name: ____________________________

Unit 6: The 19th Century



Geography and Historical Inference:

The Effects of the Napoleonic Wars on Europe
Review/Background

  1. What were Napoleon’s political and military goals?




  1. Considering the course of the French Revolution, what challenges would Napoleon face accomplishing these goals?




  1. After Napoleon’s defeat, the victors were guided by a diplomatic principle called Balance of Power. Predict: what does that term mean? What were the victors’ goals?


Examining the Evidence

Using the three maps below (Europe before, during, and after the Napoleonic Wars) make inferences to accurately answer the questions that follow. First, they need to be labeled.





Europe 1792 – France begins to expand before Napoleon

Europe 1812 – the height of Napoleon’s power in Europe

Label (pg. 595): The Empire of France, Italian Peninsula, Austrian Empire, Prussia, Russia, Great Britain. Shade all places part of, allied with, or dependent on Napoleon.


Europe 1815after the Congress of Vienna, or the defeat of Napoleon


Label (pg. 599): The German Confederation, Austria (and shade), Prussia (and shade), Russia, Great Britain, France, Spain, the Netherlands



Making Inferences
Napoleon’s Successes & Failures

  1. Based on the maps, was Napoleon able to create his Continental System? Provide two pieces of geographic evidence to support your conclusion.



  1. Using the maps as a guide, why do you think Napoleon was eventually defeated?


Napoleon’s Defeat and the Congress of Vienna

  1. What states gained territory after the defeat of Napoleon?



  1. Compare the maps of 1792 and 1815. What are the three most important changes you think took place at the Congress of Vienna?



  1. At the Congress of Vienna, European leaders met to discuss how to “fix” Europe after Napoleon was defeated. What do you think was their central aim, or goal, to do so?



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