Geographic factor that was most important to the settlement of Virginia



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Standard 1

  1. Geographic factor that was most important to the settlement of Virginia. Navigable rivers

  2. England’s motivations for the settlement of Roanoke and Jamestown. Riches and national prestige

  3. First attempt to establish an English settlement, known as “The Lost Colony”. Roanoke

  4. First permanent English settlement. Jamestown

  5. A person who worked in exchange for ship fare and an opportunity to gain land. Indentured Servant

  6. The first settlers in Jamestown were mostly...gentlemen searching for gold.

  7. The most profitable export of Jamestown that helped the colony become wealthy. Tobacco

  8. The English settlers were unprepared for starting a colony in Virginia because….they could not adapt to the environment

  9. I said, “He who does not work, will not eat.” John Smith

  10. Indian chief who traded with colonists in Jamestown. Chief Powhatan

  11. I helped develop tobacco as a cash crop saving the Jamestown colony…John Rolfe

  12. How did the Jamestown colony survive after the starving times? Development of tobacco

  13. First African American laborers were. Indentured servants

  14. The first women to settle Jamestown were brought…to show a commitment to permanence

  15. How were laws made in the Jamestown colony? House of Burgesses

  16. Who could vote in the House of Burgesses? White men who owned property

  17. Colonial leader who helped form town meetings, voting rights and social contracts. William Bradford

  18. Squanto was important to the success of Plymouth because…he showed colonists how to use natural resources

  19. This colony was established by the Mayflower Compact. Plymouth

  20. Geographic reason that made Massachusetts a good place to settle. Ports and harbors

  21. Why did the Pilgrims decide to start a colony in North America? To escape religious persecution

  22. The Mayflower Compact was important because…it established self government

Standard 2

  1. Name the 4 New England Colonies. Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire

  2. Name the 4 Middle Colonies. New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware

  3. Name the 5 Southern Colonies. Maryland, Virginia, North & South Carolina, Georgia

  4. New England colonies had more diverse economies than Southern colonies because…they had farming & industrial development

  5. Why New England had few indentured servants & slaves … they didn’t have large farms

  6. Bread Basket of the colonies. Middle

  7. Middle & Southern colonies were good for farming because…soil & climate

  8. Colony that had a variety of people with skills and trades. Middle colonies

  9. This colony relied on slaves the most because of large plantations. Southern

  10. Colony that used town hall meetings as a form of government. Massachusetts

  11. How did Virginia govern themselves in the colonies? House of Burgesses

  12. How was local government in New England different than the other colonies? Voters decided directly on new laws

  13. New England colonies were founded for…religious reasons

  14. North American colonies were dependent on what import from Africa? Slaves

  15. Name 3 major exports for the Southern colonies. Rice, indigo, tobacco (cash crops)

  16. Name 3 major exports for the New England colonies. Lumber, furs, fisheries

  17. Part of the triangular trade that brought slaves from Africa to the colonies. Middle Passage

  18. Event that happened when English colonists claimed and took land from Native Americans in New England. King Philip’s war breaks out and natives lose

  19. During King Philip’s War, English colonists fought against...Native Americans

  20. Wampanoag leader who resisted English claims on land in New England. Metocomet (King Philip)

  21. Started the colony of Maryland for Catholics. Lord Baltimore

  22. Started the colony of Georgia for debtors. James Ogelthorpe

  23. Established the colony of Pennsylvania for Quakers. William Penn

  24. Founded Rhode Island, the first colony to allow religious freedom. Roger Williams

  25. Settling a dispute by each group agreeing to give up something. Compromise

  26. Document given by a ruler to establish a colony. Charter

  27. How were Native Americans and African slaves similar during the colonial period? They bother were denied legal rights given to English settlers

  28. Small merchants & farmers, artisans and craftsmen belonged to the middle class called…middlings

  29. Large landowners, wealthy merchants, and gentlemen who thought their rights and duties were to govern others. Gentry Class

Standard 3

  1. Boston colonists taunted British soldiers, fighting broke out and 5 colonists were killed. Boston Massacre

  2. How did Parliament react to the Boston Tea Party? Passed the coercive acts

  3. Why did Paul Revere engrave a scene of the Boston Massacre? To rally support for the Patriots

  4. British policy the American Colonists protested at the Boston Tea Party. Taxation without representation

  5. Created to inform colonists about important political events. Committees of correspondence

  6. To refuse…boycott

  7. Unfair punishments placed on Boston. Coercive or Intolerable Acts

  8. Advantage that minutemen had over the British in the war. They knew the land better

  9. Why was the stamp act placed on colonists? To pay for the French & Indian war

  10. I wrote the pamphlet Common Sense to inspire colonists to break from Britain. Thomas Paine

  11. Prohibited colonists from settling land west of the Appalachians, setting it aside for the Native Americans who lived there. Proclamation of 1763

  12. First battles of the Revolutionary War which militias learned important skills. Lexington & Concord

  13. Opening phase of the American Revolution in which American militia limited movement of British in Boston. Siege of Boston

  14. Author of the Declaration of Independence. Thomas Jefferson

  15. Primary goal of the Declaration of Independence. List reasons for separation from Britain

  16. This document contains unalienable rights: life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Declaration of Independence

  17. The Continental Army was formed at this meeting. Second Continental Congress

  18. Why did colonists want to separate from King George? Forced taxes, sent soldiers to control them and tried to take away their rights

  19. “That to secure these rights governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed”. Phrase from the DOI that describes social contract

  20. Name 3 unalienable rights discussed in the DOI…Life liberty and Pursuit of Happiness

  21. Belief that government should be a contract between the people and the governing body. Social contract

  22. Giving up something you want to keep in order to do something else or to help someone. Sacrifice

  23. Requires no proof or explanation. Self evident

  24. The Articles of Confederation enabled the country to… successfully manage the western territories

  25. The first governing document of the United States…Articles of Confederation

  26. This battle ended the Revolutionary War. Yorktown

  27. This American victory persuaded the French to join the colonists. Saratoga

  28. The Treaty of Paris resulted in the end of the American Revolution because…King of Great Britain declared he had no right to rule US

  29. Leader of the continental army. George Washington

  30. Surprise attack in which Washington’s army rowed across the icy Delaware to attach German mercenaries. Battle of Trenton

  31. Why were soldiers able to fight after the terrible winter at Valley Forge? Training, more soldiers and supplies

  32. Winter camp where soldiers had little clothing, food and shelter, many died from cold or disease. Valley Forge

  33. Writer, inventor, diplomat who created a plant to unite colonies. Ben Franklin

  34. Sons & Daughter of Liberty protested the…Stamp Act

  35. I rallied support for the Boston Tea Party by explaining the reasons why people should protest the Tea Act. Samuel Adams

  36. African American poet who wrote a poem praising George Washington and the cause for freedom. Phillis Wheatley

  37. Wrote plays that made fun of British leaders and complained about how the British treated the colonies. Mercy Otis Warren

  38. Colonists who opposed British rule. Patriots

  39. Colonists who remained loyal to the king. Loyalists

  40. American Patriot who said, “Give me liberty or give me death.” Patrick Henry

  41. Delegate to the Continental Congress, helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris, spoke against Britain, 2nd US president. John Adams

  42. Spoke out for women’s rights during the Revolutionary War. Abigail Adams

  43. Member of the Sons of Liberty who rode to warn minutemen that the British were coming. Paul Revere

Standard 4

  1. This event showed why the Articles of Confederation created a weak government and needed to be replaced. Shays’ Rebellion

  2. George Washington wrote a letter to Henry Knox criticizing…the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

  3. Without the passage of the Northwest Ordinance the states would have constant conflict over land west of the Appalachians because…they would have feuded over state boundaries

  4. Why was the government weak under the Articles of Confederation? Congress could do little to settle conflicts between states and had no power to enforce laws it passed

  5. Meeting in which the constitution was written and a central government established. Constitutional Convention

  6. Three-fifths compromise resolved the issue of….slavery and congressional representation

  7. Why did small stated oppose the Virginia Plan? They feared large states would control the government

  8. Writer of the Preamble to the US Constitution. Governeur Morris

  9. The Great Compromise made it possible to create the federal government because…it addressed the concerns of large and small states

  10. Anti-Federalists like George Mason worried because the Constitution did not posses…A Bill of Rights

  11. The New Jersey Plan would give all stated the same number of…representatives

  12. Father of the Constitution. James Madison

  13. President of the Constitutional Convention. George Washington

  14. Why was the Preamble written? State reasons for creating the government

  15. Head of the judicial branch. Supreme Court

  16. The purpose of the legislative branch. To make laws

  17. Purpose of the executive branch. To enforce laws

  18. This document contains the Bill of Rights and a plan for government. Constitution

  19. The first 4 articles of the Constitution deal with…the 3 branch responsibility

  20. Which branch is the president head of? Executive

  21. Purpose of checks and balances. To prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful

  22. The purpose of the judicial branch. To explain laws

  23. System of government in which the states and the central government share power. Federal system

  24. Why did anti-federalists oppose ratification of the constitution? It created a strong national government

  25. The Constitution was adopted by the US when…3/4 of the states ratified it

  26. The anti-federalists complained that the constitution did not contain a…Bill of Rights

  27. Federalists opposed including a Bill of Rights because it was…unnecessary

  28. This amendment includes freedom of speech, religion, press and peaceful assembly. 1st

  29. The Bill of Rights summarized our liberties in the…first 10 amendments


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