In an era of persistent conflict, our Army is the primary enabling and integrating element of landpower. The Army’s transformation focuses on distinct qualities that land forces must possess to succeed in the evolving security environment. In order to face the security challenges ahead, the Army will continue to transform into a land force that is versatile, expeditionary, agile, lethal, sustainable, and interoperable.
Versatile forces are multipurpose and can accomplish a broad range of tasks, moving easily across the spectrum of conflict as the situation demands. Our versatility in military operations—made possible by full spectrum training, adaptable equipment, and scalable force packages—will enable us to defeat a wide range of unpredictable threats.
Our Army must remain an expeditionary force—organized, trained, and equipped to go anywhere in the world on short notice, against any adversary, to accomplish the assigned mission, including the ability to conduct forcible entry operations in remote, non-permissive environments. Working in concert with our force projection partners, the United States Transportation Command and sister services, we will enhance our expeditionary force projection and distribution capability to provide rapid, credible, and sustainable global response options for the Joint Force.
Agile forces adapt quickly to exploit opportunities in complex environments. Our Army is developing agile Soldiers and institutions that adapt and work effectively in such environments.
A core competency of land forces is to effectively, efficiently, and appropriately apply lethal force. The lethal nature of our forces enables our ability to deter, dissuade, and, when required, defeat our enemies. Because conflicts will increasingly take place among the people, the Army will continue to pursue technological and intelligence capabilities to provide lethal force with precision to minimize civilian casualties and collateral damage.
Our Army must be organized, trained, and equipped to ensure it is capable of sustainable operations for as long as necessary to achieve national objectives. In addition, we will continue to improve our ability to guarantee the logistical capacity to conduct long-term operations while presenting a minimal footprint to reduce exposure of support forces.
The extensive planning and organizing capabilities and experience of U.S. land forces are national assets. These capabilities are essential to preparing and assisting interagency, multinational, and host nation partners to execute their roles in conflict prevention and resolution. Our force needs to be increasingly interoperable to effectively support and integrate the efforts of Joint, interagency, intergovernmental, multinational, and indigenous elements to achieve national goals.
As we look to the future, our Army is modernizing and transforming to build a force that exhibits these six essential qualities in order to meet the challenges of the security environment of the 21st Century. The Army’s adoption of a modular, scalable brigade-based organization provides a broad range of capabilities that are inherently more versatile, adaptable, and able to conduct operations over extended periods.
Another critical transformation initiative to enhance the Army’s capabilities is the modernization of our global information network capabilities through integration of the Global Network Enterprise Construct (GNEC). The GNEC will enable network war-fighting capabilities, dramatically improve and protect the LandWarNet, improve both efficiency and effectiveness of the network, and ensure Army interoperability across DoD.
As part of our transformation, the Army is adapting as an institution principally in three areas: streamlining the Army Force Generation (ARFORGEN) process, implementing an enterprise approach, and establishing a more effective requirements process. A streamlined ARFORGEN process more efficiently mans, equips, and trains units to strengthen our expeditionary capability. The enterprise approach—a holistic method to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the Army’s policies and processes—will make our institutions more efficient and more responsive to the needs of the combatant commanders. An improved requirements process will provide more timely and flexible responses to meet the needs of our Soldiers. In transforming our training and leader development model, we produce more agile Soldiers and Civilians who are capable of operating in complex and volatile environments.
The Army’s modernization efforts are specifically designed to enhance the six essential land force qualities by empowering Soldiers with the decisive advantage across the continuum of full spectrum operations. Modernization is providing our Soldiers and leaders with leading-edge technology and capabilities to fight the wars we are in today while simultaneously preparing for future complex, dynamic threats. The Army is improving capabilities in intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; information sharing; and Soldier protection to give our Soldiers an unparalleled awareness of their operational environment, increased precision and lethality, and enhanced survivability.
The Army also is addressing the capability gaps in our current force by accelerating delivery of advanced technologies to Soldiers in Infantry BCTs. For example, more than 5,000 robots are currently in Iraq and Afghanistan, including an early version of the Small Unmanned Ground Vehicle (SUGV). Soldiers are using the SUGV prototype to clear caves and bunkers, search buildings, and defuse improvised explosive devices. In addition, an early version of the Class I Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is currently supporting Soldiers in Iraq with reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition. The Class I UAV operates in open, rolling, complex, and urban terrain and can take off and land vertically without a runway. It is part of the information network, providing real time information that increases Soldier agility and lethality while enhancing Soldier protection.
Overall, Army modernization efforts provide a technological edge for our Soldiers in today’s fight and are essential to the Army’s efforts to empower Soldiers with the land force qualities needed in the 21st Century.