Gender, Generations, Social Protection & Climate Change



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Gender, Generations, Social Protection & Climate Change:

A thematic review

Valerie Nelsoncc pic.jpg

August 2011




















Overseas Development Institute

111 Westminster Bridge Road

London SE1 7JD, UK
Tel: +44 (0)20 7922 0300

Fax: +44 (0)20 7922 0399

www.odi.org.uk


Disclaimer: The views presented in this paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of ODI or our partners.

Acknowledgements


Thanks to Essie Apenteng who provided research assistance in identifying literature and constructing the annotated bibliography. Thanks are also extended to Professor John Morton at NRI for his comments on an early draft and to Nicola Jones at ODI who commissioned the study and provided several sets of constructive comments.

Contents


Tables, figures & boxes 4

Abbreviations 5

Executive summary 6

1 Introduction 9

2 The literature 10

3 Unpacking climate vulnerability and resilience and broader environmental pressures 13

4 Gender and Climate Change Issues 19

5 Children and Climate Change 38

6 Older people and climate change 52

7 Social protection in the context of climate change 55

8 Conclusions 64

References 73

Annex 1: Annotated Bibliography 83

Tables, figures & boxes

Tables


Table 1: Table 1: Key characteristics of social protection, adaptation and disaster risk reduction 56

Table 2: Promoting adaptation through social protection 59


Figures


Figure 1: Figure 1: Gender and Climate Change 24

Boxes


Box 1: 12 Point Principles for ‘Engendering REDD’ (GCCA, IUCN, WOCAN, 2009) 33

Box 2: Smallholder risk reduction, micro-insurance and credit in Ethiopia 62


Abbreviations




AIDS

Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

CCABA

Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance

CEH

Children’s Environmental Health

CRC

The Convention on the Rights of the Child

DFID

Department for International Development

DRR

Disaster Risk Reduction

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FUNDEPCO

Fundación por el Desarrollo Participativo Comunitario

GALS

Gender Action Learning System

GGCA

Global Gender and Climate Alliance

GHG

Green House Gas

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus 

IASC

Inter-Agency Standing Committee

IUCN

International Union for the Conservation of Nature

MDGs

Millennium Development Goals

NAPA

National Adaptation Programme of Action

NASFAM

National Association of Small Farmers of Malawi

NGO

Non-Governmental Organisation

ODI

Overseas Development Institute

PDNA

Post-Disaster Needs Assessment

PRSP

Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

PSNP

Productive Safety Net Programme

REDD

Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation

SP

Social Protection

UNFCCC

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNFPA

United Nations Population Fund

UNICEF

United Nations Children’s Fund

WEDO

Women’s Environment and Development Organisation

WEN

The Women’s Environmental Network

WOCAN

Women Organizing for Change in Agriculture and Natural Resources Management




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