Gcse history Unit 2 option 2c life in Germany c1919-c1945. Kq1 How is it possible to understand the rise of the Nazi Party 1919-33?



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GCSE History Unit 2 option 2C

Life in Germany c1919-c1945.
KQ1 How is it possible to understand the rise of the Nazi Party 1919-33?





Passers-by stop to look at a Nazi Poster that has just been put up on an advertising pillar in 1932. The poster says ‘ Our last hope – Hitler’.



  • In a Nutshell: Overview of developments 1919-33.




  • Causes and Analysis of the rise of the Nazi Party, including:

Focus 1. How stable was the Weimar Republic 1919-23.

Focus 2. How far did economic problems further threaten the stability 1923-30.



Focus 3. Why was there a dramatic increase in support for the Nazi Party 1929-33?

  • Thematic Analysis of Wider context through a Mystery game;

Why did President Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor of Germany in January 1933?


  • Cracking the Puzzle – Preparing for assessment.


A List of Key Terms and their meanings in this topic.



Anti-Capitalist

Hatred of capitalism, an economic system where businesses and industries are in the hands of private individuals

Authoritarian

A belief in government by a strong leader with total power

Capitalism

An economic system where businesses and industries are in the hands of private individuals

Chancellor

Leader, prime minister of Germany

coalition

A government formed by two or more political parties

communist

Believer in a system of government with government control of the economy and a society where all arte equal and there is no private ownership

constitution

Document laying down basic laws of how a country should be run

coup

Sudden seizure of power by a small group

democracy

A system of government where leaders are voted in to office by the people

dictatorship

Rule by one all-powerful person or group

fascism

Right-wing group of ex-soldiers, a private army

hyperinflation

Massive rise in prices

ideology

Set if ideas

Kaiser

The German Emperor

left-wing

Political view interested in the needs of workers.

nationalised

To be controlled by the State or government

nationalism

Belief that a nation should rule itself and be strong

putsch

Plot to overthrow the government, sudden armed uprising

Reich

The German Empire

Reichsrat

National Assembly of German states

Reichstag

German parliament

reparations

Payments made by Germany to the victors of the war to compensate for damage

republic

Country with a government that has a president as head of state not a monarch (king or queen)

Ruhr

The most important industrial areas of Germany.

SA

Sturm-Abteilung (storm troopers) Nazi paramilitary group, set up in 1921 and used to intimidate opponents

socialist

Left-wing political movement stressing the good of society as a whole, with an emphasis of collective rather than individual ownership of property

Spartacist

Member of communist revolutionary group

Wall Street Crash

In 1929, share prices fell on the New York stock exchange. It was followed by a worldwide economic collapse and Depression.


(I) In a Nutshell:

Overview of rise of Nazi Party in Germany 1919-33.
Content overview

  • The early years: the Weimar Republic.

  • Challenges and recovery: the impact of economic problems 1923–29.

  • Increasing support for the Nazi Party.


The Weimar Republic includes its problems and successes and how these relate to the formation of the Nazi party. The Spartacists, the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and reactions to this within Germany: the Kapp Putsch, the formation of the National Socialist party.
Challenges and recovery includes the key events of 1923, including the invasion of the Ruhr, hyperinflation and the Munich Putsch; the work of Stresemann in aiding recovery of the Weimar Republic between 1924 and 1929, including the introduction of a new currency, the Dawes and Young Plans and Germany’s entry to the League of Nations. Coverage of Stresemann’s foreign policy is not required other than its significance for the domestic situation within Germany.
Increasing support for the Nazi Party involves the support from different social groups in the years to 1929 and the reasons for its dramatic increase after 1929, including changes of tactics, the appeal of Hitler, the role of propaganda, the work of the SA and the economic and political consequences for Germany of the Wall Street crash of 1929.

(II) Causes and Analysis of developments:

The Weimar Republic and the rise of the Nazi Party?




Activity 1 – On your marks…..

The timeline makes many brief references to the events of the period. Colour code any event which with little explanation, appear to suggest either the Weimar Republic was mainly stable (green), Weimar Republic was becoming increasingly unstable (yellow) or the Nazi Party was growing in influence (red).






Activity 2 – Get set…..

Your teacher will give you an A3 copy of a concept map. Stick it in your book. You will need to fill it in at the end of each key focus area. Your teacher will guide you. As well as adding information to your concept map you can add a colour scheme and also some line drawings or pictures linked to themes outlined in the information.






Activity 3 – Go…..

As well as the lessons and activities that develop from them, read your book independently and visit the library. There are also many excellent websites listed in the back of this activity booklet to check out. Try and develop your own individual interest in this area of focus rather than waiting to be taught by your history teacher.

Focus 1 : The early years: the Weimar Republic 1919-1923.

Key Sub-Questions:

How did the nature of the Weimar Constitution affect the stability of the Republic?

What was the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the stability of the Weimar Republic?

What threat did opposition pose to the stability of the Weimar Republic 1919-23 ?

Activity 1 : How did the Weimar Republic political system work?

During WWI the Emperor (Kaiser) of Germany fled to Holland. Germany decided to have an elected government with no Emperor. This was a Democratic Republic. The rules for the governing of the country were written into a new constitution.


Stick a copy of the following flow diagram into your books, adding the missing titles.




Activity 2 : The strengths and weaknesses of the Weimar Republic system of government.


The Weimar Constitution was intended to be a very fair system of representing the German people. However, some Historians argue that it had key weaknesses that contributed to its instability. In this activity you will try to analyse the strengths and weaknesses of the Weimar Constitution. You will be given a table. The first column contains description of different features of the Weimar Constitution. You will also be given a set of statements which suggest the strengths and weaknesses of each of these features. Try to correctly match these up before sticking then onto your table.

Features of Constitution
Strengths
Weaknesses

The role of the President








Proportional Representation








Article 48








Activity 3 : Did the system allow for stable government?


On you table indicate which two of the weaknesses you believe were most directly threatening to the stability of the democratic Weimar Republic. For each of these, write a paragraph explaining why these features could destabilise the Republic.
How did the nature of the Weimar Constitution threaten the stability of the Weimar Republic?
One of the key weaknesses of the Weimar Constitution was……

This threatened the stability of the Weimar Republic because….


Another key weaknesses of the Weimar Constitution was……

This threatened the stability of the Weimar Republic because….





Activity 4 : Back to the concept map!

Complete section 1 of your concept map, selecting your 4 pieces of information carefully. Underline the key words in an appropriate colour.



Activity 5 : The terms of the Treaty of Versailles 1919.

In November 1918 an armistice was agreed between Germany and the Allies, with Germany defeated. However, a peace treaty to formally end WWI had still to be negotiated. This treaty was written at Versailles by the Allies (Britain, France and the USA), excluding Germany. The terms were harsh. The representatives for the new German Government were forced to sign or the Allies may have resumed the War. Using pages 17-19 of the Germany textbook, create a front page for a German newspaper on 29th June, the day after the German Government signed the Treaty.



Include the following;

  1. a headline revealing the viewpoint on the Treaty

  2. a summery of the terms of the Treaty. Refer to Land, Army, Money and Blame.

  3. an explanation about why the terms are unfair

  4. interviews with members of the public or leading figures such as General Ludendorff.





Activity 6 : The impact of the Treaty of Versailles


Using pages 18 and 22 of the Germany textbook, produce a flow diagram to illustrate the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Weimar Republic.


The political and economic impacts of the Treaty of Versailles





Many Germans believed..



The Treaty made Germany pay..


This led to some blaming..



Germany did not keep up with its repayments so….


This increased support for…..



But this meant that Germany..


Activity 7 : Back to the concept map!

Complete section 2 of your concept map, selecting your 4 pieces of information carefully. Underline the key words in an appropriate colour.

Activity 8 : Threats to the stability of the Republic…..three uprisings!


In the years 1919-1923, the Weimar Government faced opposition from extremists on both the Right and Left. Nearly 400 political murders were carried out. This reflected the extreme political instability in the period. In part this was due to the German people being unfamiliar with and uncertain about Democratic government. In this activity you will study three example of opposition to the Weimar Republic and try to analyse the extent of the threat posed by them.


Opposition to the Weimar Republic 1919-1923




The Spartacists’ Uprising 1919 (p14)

The Spartacists were far left wing revolutionaries.


Why did they oppose the Republic?

They wanted a Communist political system like in Russia to be set up in Germany and did not trust the new government to look after the interests of the working people.



How did they threaten the Republic and how much of a threat did they pose?





By what methods and how successfully did the Government deal with them?










The Kapp Putsch 1920 (p20)

The Freikorps (volunteer corps) of ex-soldiers were initially used to keep control, by the Social Democrats’ leader Friedrich Ebert, first President of the Weimar Republic
Why did they oppose the Republic?







How did they threaten the Republic?



By what methods and how successfully did the Government deal with them?









The Munich Beer Hall Putsch 1923 (p38-41)

The German Workers’ Party was an extreme nationalist group. By 1920 it was led by Adolf Hitler and had changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers Party, Nazis.
Why did they oppose the Republic?

  • p34

  • p38

How did they threaten the Republic?

  • p38

  • p41

By what methods and how successfully did the Government deal with them?

  • P41

  • P41

  • P23 However,….

  • P38 (evaluate)

  • P38 (evaluate)

Why did the Munich Beer Hall Putsch fail?

  • P40-43

  • P40-43




Activity 9: Back to the concept map!

Complete section 3 of your concept map, selecting your 4 pieces of information carefully. Underline the key words in an appropriate colour.
Focus 2 : Challenges and recovery: the impact of economic problems 1923–29.

How far did economic problems further threaten the stability of the Weimar Republic?

Sub questions What was the impact of hyperinflation 1923-24?


What was the impact of the depression 1929?


Activity 1 : Economic crises 1! Hyperinflation 1923. Complete using p22-23

Hyperinflation 1923



1)The Treaty took away from Germany 10% of its industry and 15% of its agricultural land, making the economy weaker.


3)Germany did not keep up with repayments so in Jan 1923…



2)In 1921 a special commission fixed the Reparations at £66oo million to be paid in annual instalments.






4)Germany responded with.

.


5)Because the German Gov. didn’t have enough money it started to..



6)The economic effects of this were that the value…



7)In turn it had political effects. People blamed…



8)The new Chancellor, Stresemann, ended….


12)The Gov. agreed to resume paying…

11)To keep the army’s support they…

9)A new currency..

15)This meant that the German economy depended on..

13)To be able to do this they had to..

10)This led to increased opposition from…

14)This provided money to rebuild..


Activity 2 : The impact of hyperinflation on different people.


In this activity you must consider the impact of hyperinflation on different groups of people in society. Using the sources on pages 24-5, record two points for each person on your copy of the following table. Include information on


    1. How they would have been affected by the hyperinflation.

    2. The impact on their attitude to the government.




Social Group

Impact of hyperinflation

A rich businessman with a large loan and money invested in industries



The effects of hyperinflation were

The impact on their attitude to government were



An old person living on a fixed pension, whose relatives are farmers (source 1&2)



The effects of hyperinflation were

The impact on their attitude to government were



A middle-class person, who owns two shops(source 5)



The effects of hyperinflation were

The impact on their attitude to government were





A young person looking for a job (sources 8&9)



The effects of hyperinflation were

The impact on their attitude to government were



A factory worker (source 3)



The effects of hyperinflation were

The impact on their attitude to government were





Activity 3 : Recovery or continued problems 1924-29


Using p.26-27, complete the following table to evaluate the extent to which the Weimar Republic was able to recover from the hyperinflation crisis, during the Stresemann years 1924-29.


To what extent did the Weimar Republic recover from the hyperinflation crisis in the Stresemann years 1924-1929?

Evidence of recovery

Evidence of continued problems

Role of Stresemann
Foreign policy

Political problems

The economy


  • Dawes Plan




  • By 1928 industrial production..




  • Young Plan




  • By 1930 exports…




  • Politically, the period saw more stable…

Limitations of Stresemann
Foreign policy

Political problems

The economy


  • The economy depended on…




  • Unemployment…




  • Wealth and economic power was not equally distributed……….




  • There was continued support for parties that believed in..


Activity 4 : Answer the following question.

How far did the Weimar Republic recover from the economic crises of 1923 in the Stresemann years 1924-29?

A lot? A little/ Not at all


There is evidence of some recovery during the Stresemann years 1924-29. For example..
However it also true that there remained underlying political and economic problems. For example..


Activity 5 : Economic crises 2! The Depression 1929-32


Using pages 46 and 49 , complete your copy of the following flow diagram, revealing the economic impact of the Depression.

Depression 1929-33

1)In 1929 share prices fell disastrously on the New York stock exchange.(WallSt). This began a world wide depression.



3)As world trade declined…



2)In accordance with the Dawes plan of 1924, American banks..



4)Many German companies that had borrowed money went bankrupt and failed.




5)This led to a dramatic rise in…





6) To try to get out of the Depression, the Chancellor….

9)Many Germans felt that the government…




10)More people….

7) This caused the collapse of…



11)There was a growth in support for…

8)In order for his government to survive….




Activity 6 : The impact of the Depression on different groups of people.


In this activity you must consider the impact of the Depression on different groups of people in society. Using the sources on pages 46-48, write speeches for each of the following: Include information on how they would have been affected by the Depression. the impact on their attitude to the government.


Social Group

Impact of the Depression

A rich businessman with a large loan and money invested in industries



The effects of the Depression were

The impact on their attitude to government were



An old person living on a fixed pension, whose relatives are farmers




The effects of the Depression were

The impact on their attitude to government were



A middle-class person, who owns two shops



The effects of the Depression were

The impact on their attitude to government were



A young person looking for a job



The effects of the Depression were

The impact on their attitude to government were



A factory worker



The effects of the Depression were

The impact on their attitude to government were





Activity 7 : Back to the concept map.


Complete sections 4 and 5 of your concept map, selecting your 4 pieces of information carefully. Underline the key words in an appropriate colour.

Focus 3 : Increasing support for the Nazi Party 1929-33.

How important was Hitler in the rise of the Nazis?


Sub-Question -Why was Hitler invited to become chancellor?

Activity 1 : The Nazi Party ideas 1920!

In September 1919 Hitler was sent by the army to investigate a small, extremist nationalist group called the German Workers’ Party. Hitler found that he agreed with many of the group’s ideas so he became a member. By February 1920 Hitler was helping to draft the party’s programme. In this activity, you will be analysing this programme to identify examples of the range of ideas and values that the Nazis put forward.

Read over the Nazi Party Program and give two examples from the programme for each key idea.




Values/ideology

Evidence

Nationalist- Pride in Nation and belief it should be powerful.


1

2


Racist/Anti-Semitic – Viewing Germans as superior/ Hatred of the Jews

1

2


Socialist/Anti-Capitalist – stressing the good of society as a whole, with an emphasis on collective rather than individual ownership of property.



1

2


Opposed to Parliamentary Democracy –not supporting a system where the people have a say and have fundamental rights.


1

2



Activity 2 : The development of the Nazi Party in the wider political and economic context 1919-1932


Y

ou now need to examine the development of the Nazis in the context of political events. You will be given a timeline. Along the top are the key political developments in Germany 1871-1932. You should use information on the pages indicated to add the key developments in the rise the Nazis along the bottom half of the timeline. Label the three stages in Nazi Party development; Stage 1919-23, Stage 2 1924-28, Stage 3 1929-33.


Political developments in Germany


1871

1932

Developments in the rise of the Nazis






Activity 3 : Where do you draw the line?


Using the timeline you completed in task 2, try to complete the following graph to illustrate the changes in the degree of power and success that the Nazis had over time.


‘20

‘21

‘22

‘23

‘24

‘25

‘26

‘27

‘28

‘29

‘30

‘31

‘32

‘33

Year
The extent of Nazis power and success


In control of Germany




In control of Germany


Extent of Success

Insignificant

1919


Activity 4 : Political developments and manouverings 1932-33


You have been given seven pictures that illustrate events between July 1932 and January 1933.

a) Cut out the pictures and, using the information on page 68, arrange them in the correct sequence to illustrate how Hitler was invited to become Chancellor.

b) Add dates and notes to the storyboard, explaining how these events contributed to Hitler being invited to be chancellor.

Put a sub heading What role did propaganda play in the rise of Nazism?



Activity 5. Nazi ideas.

Turn to p34-35 and study source 5. Think about the different ideas the Nazi Party stood for in the 1920’s. Complete your own spider diagram by grouping the different Nazi ideas into the different categories below.


Economic ideas

Political ideas


What did the Nazis stand for in the 1920s?




Foreign policy ideas



Social ideas

Activity 6. Write the correct definition of the word Propaganda.


Propaganda: An organised programme of * of carefully selected information used to * a set of ideas, with the intension of * the audience to * and support the ideas.
persuading believe propagate publicity

Activity 7. The difficulties in getting the Nazi message across before 1933.


Complete the following table in order to show the problems the Nazi Party had in trying to spread it’s ideas through propaganda in the media before 1933. Use the information on p111.

The problems the Nazi Party had in trying to spread its ideas through the media before 1933.

Newspapers







Radio







Film







Festivals/Celebrations







Culture






Activity 8. How did the Nazi’s spread their message before 1933?


Despite the difficulties of using the German media for effective Propaganda before 1933, the Nazi party did use propaganda techniques of its own in the late 1920s and early 1930s in order to spread its messages effectively. In this activity you will be describing the messages given by different methods and making some judgements about how effective they were. Use sources 1-7 on page 53 in order to make your observations.


Propaganda methods used by the Nazi party in the period 1928-1933.

Method

Description of messages.
How effective?

1 Posters in General Elections.



1

2


3


1

2


2 Hitler’s speeches and Nazi Party meetings.



1

2


3


1

2


3 Dealing with socialist and communist opposition.



1

2


3


1

2





Activity 9 : Why did many Germans support the Nazi Party during the years before 1933?


By July 1932, the Nazis were the biggest party in Germany, with more than twice the seats of the next largest party. It is important to consider why it was the Nazis and not other parties that many Germans were drawn towards and believed could solve Germany’s problems. Use the information on pages 50-51 to summarise the following factors and explain for each one how it helped the Nazis and Indicate with different colours for each factor whether Hitler’s role was central, important, limited or not relevant .Add a key to your table to explain what the colours represent.


Factor

Summary

Explanation of how it helped the Nazis

Organisation (p.51)







Flexibility (p.51)







Propaganda (p.51-53)







Appealing and changing policies (p.51-53)






Hitler’s skills & personality (p.35,50-1)






Other leaders in the Nazis party (p.36-7)






The weakness of opposition (p.50-1)






Political manoeuvring between von Schleicher and von Papen (p.60)










Activity 10: Why different groups of people were attracted to the Nazi Part.


In this activity you must consider how the Nazis appealed to different groups in society. Using the sheet entitled The Sectorial Appeal of the Nazis, record two points for each person on your copy of the following table.

Social Group

Nazis policies that would have appealed to them

A rich businessman with a large loan and money invested in industries











An old person living on a fixed pension, whose relatives are farmers











A middle-class person, who owns two shops











A young person looking for a job











A factory worker











Activity 11 : Back to the Concept map

Complete sections 6, 7 and 8 of your concept map, selecting your 4 pieces of information carefully. Underline the key words in an appropriate colour.





(III) Thematic Analysis of wider context:
Why did Hindenburg make Hitler Chancellor in January 1933?
Mystery Game. Hindenburg, the President of Germany under the Weimar Republic, hated Hitler. He called him ‘the little Bohemian corporal’. However, by the start of 1933, Hindenburg had invited Hitler to be Chancellor of Germany to run the country with him. Why did Hindenburg make Hitler Chancellor in January 1933?

Statements



1 Hitler was a strong leader. He had very effective speech-making skills.

10 Proportional Representation meant that no one party could get a majority, so governments had to be coalitions.


2 Article 48 of the Constitution meant that the President could override democratic processes, ruling by Presidential Decree.

11 Hindenburg was a former WWI army leader. He was hostile towards the SPD, (socialists) that had dominated the coalition governments through the 1920s, who questioned the effectiveness of democratic rule.



3 In 1924, to recover from the hyper-inflation crisis, the Government signed the Dawes Plan. As part of this they borrowed money from the USA.

12 In 1929 the American stock market crashed, leading to a world-wide depression.

4 By 1932 7-9 million Germans were unemployed and many businesses had failed.

13 Many Germans believed that the Socialist Weimar government stabbed Germany in the back, by signing the harsh Versailles Treaty.

5The Nazis put forward Nationalistic and Anti-Semitic ideas.



14 The Treaty of Versailles forced Germany to pay reparations of £6600 million.


6 In the July 1932 elections, the Nazis won 37.3% of the vote. They were by far the largest party in the Reichstag.



15 The Nazis promised jobs and food for workers, and profits and protection against competition for employers.


7 Extreme parties on both the left and right, particularly the Communists and Nazis, grew in the late 1920s and early 1930s.

16Hitler refused to work in a government under von Schleicher and gets von Papen to secretly agree to work under him if he became Chancellor.



8 Chancellor von Papen was one of the chancellors appointed by Hindenburg with little support from the Reichstag. He got Hindenburg to agree to close down the Reichstag and rule by Presidential decree

17 The Nazis used extensive propaganda, including posters, books, films, rallies and radio.

9 By 1932 the Nazis had the financial backing of wealthy businessman.


(IV) Cracking the Puzzle- Preparing for Assessment




Past Exam Questions to be answered in 75 minutes



Answer Questions 1 and 2, EITHER Question 3 OR 4 and then EITHER Question 5(a) and 5(b) OR 6(a) and 6(b).
Q1 Study source 1 and 2.

What can you learn from these sources about the impact of the Treaty of Versailles on the Weimar Republic? (4) 6mins




Source 2. Front page of right-wing German newspaper, 28 June 1919.
Vengeance! German Nation!

Today in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles, a disgraceful treaty is being signed. Never forget it! On that spot where, in the glorious year of 1871, the German Empire in all its glory began, today German honour is dragged to the grave. The German people will unceasingly push forward to reconquer that place amongst nations to which they are entitled. Then there will be vengeance for the shame of 1919.



Source 1. Adapted from the Treaty of Versailles, 28 June 1919.

Germany agrees;



  1. To accept the new frontiers and to keep the peace.

  2. To accept blame for starting the war and to pay compensation to countries which suffered damage in the war.

  3. To limit the size of its army and navy.

Q2The boxes below show two events. Choose one and explain how the Weimar Republic overcame the opposition. (9) 13 mins

The Spartacist Uprising 1919

The Munich Beer Hall Putsch 1923


Either Q3 Why was there an economic crises in Germany in 1923? (12) 18mins

You may use the following in your answer and any other information of your own.


1 In 1921 the cost of reparations was fixed at 132,000 million gold marks

2 In January 1923 France and Belgium occupied the Ruhr

3 In November 1923 one egg cost 80,000 million marks
O
You may use the following in your answer and any other information of your own.

The picture shows a 1932 election p[oster with the slogan “Our Last Hope: Hitler”. In 1932 unemployment n Germany had reached 6 million.


r Q4 Why were so many people opposed to the Weimar Republic in the period 1919-1923? (12) 18mins
Either Q5
a) Describe how the Weimar Republic overcame its problems in the period 1919-1923. (9) 13 mins

b


You may use the following in your answer and any other information of your own.
1924. The Dawes Plan.

1926. Germany joined the League of Nations

Between 1924-1929 Germany borrowed 300 million dollars from the USA
) “Stresemann was successful in overcoming Germanys problems in the years 1924-29” Do you agree? Explain your answer. (16) 24mins

Or Q6


a) Describe why the so many people were supporting the Nazi Party by 1932. (9) 13 mins

b) “Hitler became the leader of Germany mainly because of the effects of the Wall Street Crash” Do you agree? Explain your answer. (16) 24mins




You may use the following in your answer and any other information of your own.
1929. Wall Street Crash.

1932. German unemployment exceeds 6 million

By July 1932 the Nazi’s received 37% of the vote and gained 230 representatives in the German Reichstag


Preparing for Revision
1. Revisit the Concept map for Germany KQ1 you have developed for this unit and ensure that you have made a summary of the key events and developments.
2. Complete the Trigger Memory Activity for Germany KQ1 using your background notes. An explanation on how to complete this is in your guidance booklet.
3. There are many excellent websites on German History 1919-1945, which can be used to revisit the material covered so far. These include –


Top 5 GCSE History Websites on German History 1919-45

1 http://www.educationforum.co.uk/GCSEHistory.htm

2 http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/revision/germany.shtml

3 http://www.schoolshistory.org.uk/gcse.htm

4 http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/Germany.htm

Use these websites to gather further interpretations of the period.


4. There are games that can be played to reinforce the development of your knowledge and understanding at WWW.schoolhistory.co.uk
5. Revisit the examination criteria and advice on tackling the examination questions given in the cracking the puzzle section.
6. Apply these techniques to the specimen examination. You may be asked to work individually, in pairs or in small groups.






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