Round 1 TOSSUP 1. The music video for this song features a record producer named Mr. ColliPark. This song precedes "Sidekick" on a 2007 album, and includes the lines "I got me some bathin apes" and "They be lookin at my neck sayin it's the (*) rubberband man." This song features a steel drum hook, mentions Robocop, and includes the instructions to "punch" and perform the title action "three times from left to right." For 10 points, name this rap song by Soulja Boy.
ANSWER: "Crank That (Soulja Boy)"
TOSSUP 2. The title character of this short story has a dog named Wolf and lives in a village at the foot of the Catskill Mountains whose patriarch is Nicholas Vedder. First published in (*)The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon in 1819, the title character wanders off and encounters men playing nine-pins, and drinks some liquor. For 10 points, name this short story by Washington Irving about a man who slept for twenty years.
ANSWER: "Rip van Winkle"
TOSSUP 3. John Armstrong led the Kittanning Expedition during this war, in which the Great Upheaval occurred. Edward Braddock was initially the commander of the British, and General Wolfe was killed at the (*) Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Ended by the Treaty of Paris, it saw the construction of Fort Necessity by George Washington. For 10 points, name this war fought between the namesakes and the British from 1754 to 1763.
ANSWER: French and Indian War (prompt on Seven Years War)
TOSSUP 4. David Gibson wrote a book about this person subtitled "His Battle with the Modern World." George Ganswein is the secretary of this man, who has revived the style of wearing a cap known as a camauro [kuh-MOU-roh]. During a controversial lecture in 2006, this (*) religious leader said that Muhammad has brought evil and inhumane things to the world. For 10 points, name this German, who succeeded John Paul II as Pope in 2005.
ANSWER: Pope Benedict XVI (also accept Joseph Alois Ratzinger)
TOSSUP 5. This animal may have had a "second brain" in the hip region, and Gary Larson coined the word thagomizer to describe one of its features. This herbivore averaged 30 feet in length and was classified with (*) Ankylosaurus in the suborder Thyreophora. Their most prominent feature may have been used to regulate temperature or deter predators. For 10 points, name this type of dinosaur, noted for the spikes on its tail and the bony plates along its back.
TOSSUP 6. He was succeeded by Thomas Reid in his most prestigious professorship. This economist, who studied under Francis Hutcheson, attacked mercantilism and wrote (*) Theory of Moral Sentiments. His most famous work used a pin factory to describe the theory of the division of labor, and discussed free-market economic theory. For 10 points, name this Scottish economist who coined the term "invisible hand" and wrote The Wealth of Nations.
ANSWER: Adam Smith
TOSSUP 7. Its antiparticle was discovered by Bruce Cook. The discovery of a pulsar confirmed the existence of dense stars made up of these objects. An "enhanced radiation weapon" is more commonly called this type of (*) bomb. This particle consists of two down quarks and one up quark, and was discovered by James Chadwick. For 10 points, name this elementary particle with no charge.
TOSSUP 8. He created the poetry collection Beware, Soul Brother and won the 2007 Man Booker International Prize. This author has written a novel in which Ezeulu [eh-ZEE-you-lew] refuses to declare a day for the (*) New Yam Festival. In addition to Arrow of God and Anthills of the Savannah, he was written a work about European colonialism of the Igbo, which ends with the suicide of Okonkwo. For 10 points, name this Nigerian author of Things Fall Apart.
ANSWER: Chinua Achebe
TOSSUP 9. His political career was launched with the "A Time for Choosing" speech. "Joey Three Guns" Johnson burned an American flag in protest of his policies, and members of his Cabinet included (*) Caspar Weinberger and Alexander Haig. Federal air traffic controllers went on strike during his time in office, which saw an assassination attempt on him by John Hinckley, Jr. For 10 points, name this US President from 1981 to 1989.
ANSWER: Ronald Reagan
TOSSUP 10. This artist painted a baby Jesus holding a cross in the work Alba Madonna. He studied under Perugino, and depicted St. Sixtus and St. Barbara below green curtains in his work Sistine Madonna, which is famous for the two (*) cherubim on the bottom. Pope Leo X was a patron of this artist, whose most famous work appears in the Stanza della Segnatura and depicts Plato and Aristotle. For 10 points, name this Italian artist of The School of Athens.
ANSWER: RaphaelSanzio (accept either name)
TOSSUP 11. His namesake method is used for finding the roots of a function, and his namesake rings are a circular interference phenomenon caused by the reflection of light between a spherical and flat surface. This man formulated a law of (*) universal gravitation and developed calculus with Leibnitz. For 10 points, name this English scientist who may have been inspired to write Principia Mathematica by the sight of a falling apple.
ANSWER: Isaac Newton
TOSSUP 12. His cousin Crown Prince Rudolf committed suicide, and in 1900, he married a woman below his rank named Sophie. This leader sought the formation of a triple monarchy, and in 1914, he was invited by General Oskar Potiorek to visit (*) Bosnia's capital to inspect army maneuvers. However, he was killed in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Black Hand. For 10 points, name this Austrian Archduke, whose assassination led World War I.
ANSWER: Franz Ferdinand
TOSSUP 13. An architect with this last name designed the Lincoln Memorial. An artist with this last name painted the work Study after Velázquez's Portrait of Pope Innocent X. An English philosopher with this last name wrote (*)The New Atlantis and Novum Organum. A rebellion led by a man with this last name occurred in Virginia against William Berkeley in 1676. For 10 points, give the tasty last name shared by Francis, and Nathaniel, among others.
TOSSUP 14. A shutter bangs open to announce her engagement, but this literary character later burns her own wedding bouquet in defiance. Justin, an apothecary's assistant, loves this woman, who lies to her husband about taking piano lessons. This literary character is married to a (*) doctor who incorrectly treats a club-footed man, and has a daughter named Berthe. She has an affair with Rodolphe, but commits suicide by taking arsenic. For 10 points, name this title character of a novel by Gustave Flaubert.
ANSWER: Madame Bovary (also accept Emma Bovary)
TOSSUP 15. A possible work by this man, Constitution of Athens, was discovered in 1890. St. Augustine of Hippo was greatly influenced by reading this man's Categories, which is found with Prior Analytics in his collection (*)Organon. He coined the term catharsis in his work Poetics, and his lecture notes from the Lyceum were combined in Nicomachean Ethics. For 10 points, name this Greek philosopher, the tutor of Alexander the Great and the pupil of Plato.
TOSSUP 16. Mafia Island is located off the coast of this nation, which is home to the volcanic crater Ngorongoro. The Rufiji River runs through this country's large game park, Selous. The Ruvuma River forms its southern border with Mozambique, and its northern part is home to (*) Lake Victoria. The tallest peak in Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro, is located in this nation, as is Olduvai Gorge. For 10 points, name this country whose designated capital is Dodoma and whose largest city is Dar es Salaam.
TOSSUP 17. Mikhail Gerasimov exhumed this figure’s body from a tomb three days before Operation Barbarossa began. He ordered Omar Aqta to transcribe the entire Koran onto a ring. His hobbies included building pyramids with human skulls, and using Bayezid the Thunderbolt as a footstool after the (*) 1402 Battle of Ankara. His capital was located at Samarkand, and his army consisted of nomadic hordes of Central Asia. For 10 points, name this Mongolian conqueror noted for his injured leg.
ANSWER: Tamerlane (also accept Timur and other equivalents)
TOSSUP 18. Diatoms contain one of these called a frustule [FRUS-chool] that is silica-rich, and the thecate species of dinoflagellates also possess one of these. Members of the genus Mycoplasma lack one of these objects, which contain high levels of (*) peptidoglycan in Gram positive bacteria. In fungi, it is composed of chitin, and in plants, it is composed of cellulose. For 10 points, name this layer found in some organisms outside the cell membrane.
ANSWER: cell wall
TOSSUP 19. He wrote The Isle of Joy while eloping with the ex-mistress of Gabriel Fauré [foh-REY], and composed The Children's Corner Suite for his daughter Chou-Chou. His cantata The Blessed Damozel was inspired by Art Nouveau, and this (*) Frenchman was also inspired by gamelan music. Orchestral works by this Impressionist include La Mer and Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun. For 10 points, name this composer of "Clair de Lune."
ANSWER: Claude Debussy
TOSSUP 20. He wrote a play in which Brutus Jones escapes to a Caribbean island, and in another, the daughter of Chris Christopherson chooses to be with Mat Burke. In addition to The Emperor Jones and Anna Christie, this man set a play in (*) Harry Hope's saloon, but is best known for a play about the Tyrone family. For 10 points, name this creator of The Iceman Cometh and Long Day's Journey into Night.
ANSWER: Eugene O'Neill
BONUS 1. Answer the following about historical compromising.
 This compromise, passed in 1820, admitted Maine as a free state and excluded slavery north of thirty-six degrees, thirty minutes, except for the namesake state.
ANSWER: Missouri Compromise
 This compromise of the namesake year admitted California as a free state and passed a more stringent Fugitive Slave Law.
ANSWER: Compromise of 1850
 Known as "The Great Compromiser," this Congressman from Kentucky was involved in both the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850.
ANSWER: Henry Clay BONUS 2. Answer the following about ancient Greek dramas and dramatists.
 This man added a third actor to the drama and wrote Oedipus Rex and Antigone.
ANSWER: Sophocles [SOF-uh-kleez]
 The only complete extant Greek satyr [SEY-ter] play, Cyclops, is attributed to this dramatist, who also wrote Alcestis, The Bacchae, and The Phoenician Women.
ANSWER: Euripides [yoo-RIP-ih-deez]
 Euripides also wrote a play about this wife of Jason, who killed her children and sent Creusa a wedding gown that burned her to death.
ANSWER: Medea BONUS 3. Name these psychologists.
 This Swiss psychologist developed the concept of the collective unconscious.
ANSWER: Carl Jung [YOONG]
 This founder of individual psychology believed that neurotic behavior and feelings of helplessness can lead to an inferiority complex.
ANSWER: Alfred Adler
 This American psychologist developed client-center therapy.
ANSWER: Carl Rogers BONUS 4. Answer the following about an element.
 This halogen with atomic number 9 is sometimes found as a yellow toxic gas. It can combine with xenon to make a molecule with distorted octahedral geometry.
ANSWER: fluorine [do NOT accept fluoride]
 Fluorine has the highest value for this property, the tendency of an atom to attract a pair of electrons that it shares with another atom.
 This scientist is the namesake of the most commonly used electronegativity scale, which gives fluorine a value of 4.0
ANSWER: Linus Pauling
BONUS 5. Name the person who currently holds these positions in the Bush Cabinet.
 Secretary of State
ANSWER: Condoleezza Rice
 Secretary of Homeland Security
ANSWER: Michael Chertoff
 Secretary of the Treasury
ANSWER: Henry M. Paulson BONUS 6. Answer the following about an 1893 piece of Expressionist art.
 This painting is set on a bridge, on which a man stands with his hands on his face.
ANSWER: The Scream (also accept Skrik and The Cry)
 The Frieze of Life is a collection by this Norwegian artist, the creator of The Scream.
ANSWER: Edward Munch
 The reddish sky in The Scream may be inspired by the 1883 eruption of this volcano.
ANSWER: Krakatoa BONUS 7. Answer the following about the Beat Generation.
 Sal Paradise is the narrator of this 1957 novel, whose characters include Bull Lee, Carlo Marx, and Dean Moriarty.
ANSWER: On the Road
 This author of The Dharma Bums and Big Sur wrote On the Road.
ANSWER: Jack Kerouac
 The character of Carlo Marx in On the Road is based on this poet, who began his poem Howl with the line "I saw the best minds of my generation destroyed by madness."
ANSWER: Allan Ginsberg BONUS 8. Answer the following about the environment.
 Her 1962 book, Silent Spring, discussed the dangers of certain insecticides.
ANSWER: Rachel Carson
 Thanks to Rachel Carson, this harmful insecticide was banned in the US in 1972.
 Spleen and Ideal is a section from this poet's collection The Flowers of Evil.
ANSWER: Charles Baudelaire [boh-di-LAIR]
 This 17th century writer collected the stories of Aesop in his work Fables.
ANSWER: Jean de La Fontaine BONUS 14. Answer the following about a famous ballet.
 Created at the request of dancer Martha Graham, this 1944 ballet is set shortly after the building of a new Pennsylvania farmhouse, and includes the song Simple Gifts.
ANSWER: Appalachian Spring
 Fanfare for the Common Man was created by this American composer who wrote the music for the ballet Appalachian Spring.
ANSWER: Aaron Copland
 Appalachian Spring takes its title from this man's poem, The Bridge.
ANSWER: Hart Crane BONUS 15. Name these quantities from physics.
 Power is defined as this quantity divided by time. It is equal to forces times distance.
ANSWER: mechanical work
 Measured in units of Newtons per Coulomb, this quantity causes the splitting of atomic spectral lines, according to the Stark effect.
ANSWER: electric field
 Equal to force times lever arm, this quantity produces rotational motion.
ANSWER: torque (also accept moment of force)
BONUS 16. Name these high school movies of the late 1980s.
 In this film, Matthew Broderick plays the title character, who skips school to go to Wrigley Field, the Von Steuben Day Parade, and the Art Institute of Chicago.
ANSWER: Ferris Bueller's Day Off
 Cameron Crowe directed this film, in which John Cusack's character holds a boom box over his head and plays the song "In Your Eyes."
ANSWER: Say Anything
 Named for a Beatles song, this film stars Patrick Dempsey, whose character pays a cheerleader a thousand dollars to pretend to be his girlfriend for a month.
ANSWER: Can't Buy Me Love BONUS 17. Name these contemporary American authors.
 Against the Day is this author's most recent work, but he's better known for The Crying of Lot 49 and Gravity's Rainbow.
ANSWER: Thomas Pynchon
 This Jewish author of Portnoy's Complaint also created the character Nathan Zuckerman, who appears in his novel The Human Stain.
ANSWER: Philip Roth
 Keith Neudecker, a man who survives the 9/11 attacks, is the protagonist of this man's most recent work, Falling Man. He has also written Underworld and White Noise.
ANSWER: Don DeLillo BONUS 18. Solve these derivate problems. No paper or pencil needed.
 Find the derivative of the following with respect to x: 100 x-squared minus 42.
ANSWER: 200x [two hundred x]
 Find the first derivative of cosine of x with respect to x.
ANSWER: -sin(x) [normally read as "negative sine of x" or just "negative sine x"]
 Find the first derivative of e raised to the x with respect to x.
ANSWER: e raised to the x [it’s the same thing]
BONUS 19. Name these famous third party presidential candidates.
 This man launched the American Railway Union and was the Socialist candidate for President in 1920, despite being in jail.
ANSWER: Eugene Debs
 This founder of Electronic Data Systems ran for president in 1992 and received nearly a fifth of the popular vote.
ANSWER: Ross Perot
 This author of Unsafe at Any Speed ran as the Green Party's candidate in 2000.
ANSWER: Ralph Nader BONUS 20. Name these German philosophers.
 Together with Friedrich Engels, this philosopher wrote The Communist Manifesto.
ANSWER: Karl Marx
 This idealist traced the evolution of consciousness from sense-perception to absolute knowledge in The Phenomenology of Spirit.
ANSWER: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
 He devised a system of ethics based on the categorical imperative in his 1788 work, Critique of Practical Reason.
ANSWER: Immanuel Kant FSU HS Tournament 2007
Round 2 TOSSUP 1. This man wrote about George Bowling in the novel Coming Up for Air, and his time with the Indian imperial police inspired the essay "Shooting an Elephant." This author wrote many autobiographical works, including (*) Homage to Catalonia and Burmese Days. This socialist is best known for creating the characters Snowball and Napoleon, and the concepts doublethink and Big Brother. For 10 points, name this author of Animal Farm and 1984.
ANSWER: George Orwell (also accept Eric Blair)
TOSSUP 2. This figure from Greek myth was blinded by Oenopion after violating Merope [MER-uh-pee]. He was given a guide by Hephaestus named Cedalion, and had his sight restored by the sun. (*) For 10 points, name this hunter from Greek myth, who was killed by Artemis, and is the namesake of a constellation noted for its "belt."
TOSSUP 3. Jerome Lejeune discovered the cause of this disorder, which occurs after a meiotic nondisjunction event. Once referred to as Mongolian idiocy, its incidence increases with (*) maternal age. Named for a 19th century British physician, it is characterized by weak muscle tone, flattened facial features, an upward slant to the eyes, epicanthic folds, and mental retardation. For 10 points, name this genetic disorder associated with an extra chromosome 21.
ANSWER: Down Syndrome (accept Down's Syndrome)
TOSSUP 4. In this war, the forces of Henry Proctor defeated James Winchester shortly before the River Raisin Massacre. During it, Zebulon Pike was killed, and Winfield Scott was wounded at the (*) Battle of Lundy's Lane. Caused by the impressment of American sailors, this war saw the burning of the White House and the defense of Fort McHenry. For 10 points, name this war ended by the Treaty of Ghent. ANSWER: War of 1812 TOSSUP 5. This US state is home to the Bingham Canyon Mine, and its highest point is Kings Peak This state is home to many national parks, including Arches and Glen Canyon, which is home to the (*) Rainbow Bridge. Cities in this state include Ogden and Provo, and many speed records have been set at this state's Bonneville Salt Flats. For 10 points, name this western state with capital at Salt Lake City.
TOSSUP 6. Jacob Bekenstein suggested that these objects could have entropy. According to the no-hair theorem, they are characterized by mass, charge, and angular momentum. These objects form when smaller than the (*) Schwarzschild radius, and they emit Hawking radiation. The material inside of them can be compressed into a point of infinite density called a singularity. For 10 points, name these objects with an intense gravitational field that can be formed from the collapse of a star.
ANSWER: black hole(s)
TOSSUP 7. This engagement shares its name with a 191 BC battle in which the Romans defeated the forces of Antiochus the Great. The more famous battle with this name occurred at nearly the same time as the Battle of Artemisium. At this battle, the traitor (*) Ephialtes [ef-e-AL-teez] showed the Persians a secret trail, which helped the forces of Xerxes the Great defeat the forces of Spartan commander Leonidas. For 10 points, name this 480 BC battle that was depicted in the movie 300.
ANSWER: Battle of Thermopylae
TOSSUP 8. The title character of this work attended St. Olaf College for two weeks, but despised his job as a janitor. Minor characters in this work include a gambler named Meyer Wolfshiem and a piano-playing boarder named Klipspringer. The wealthy title character of this work holds many parties in (*) West Egg, and associates a green light with Daisy, who is married to Tom Buchanan. For 10 points, name this novel narrated by Nick Carraway and written by F. Scott Fitzgerald.
ANSWER: The Great Gatsby
TOSSUP 9. On an episode of Family Guy, Adam West banishes him “back to the fifth dimension” by tricking him into saying his name backwards. He hosted Classic Concentration from 1987 to 1991, although he is more associated with a show created by (*) Merv Griffin. This host of the annual National Geographic Bee was played by Will Ferrell in a certain SNL skit, and was antagonized by Sean Connery. For 10 points, name this Canadian-born host of the game show Jeopardy!
ANSWER: Alex Trebek
TOSSUP 10. This man's only surviving oratorio was created in 1716 and is entitled Juditha Triumphans. His most famous work is part of a larger collection entitled The Contest between Harmony and Invention. Nicknamed the (*) "Red Priest," this Baroque composer is best known for a set of violin concertos with movements entitled "Spring" and "Summer." For 10 points, name this Italian composer of The Four Seasons.
ANSWER: Antonio Vivaldi
TOSSUP 11. Liberals in this country's 2004 elections were hurt by a scandal involving a federal advertising sponsorship program. Jack Layton is the leader of its New Democratic Party, and Giles Duceppe [doo-SEP] is the leader of a third party that controls 51 seats in its Parliament. In 2005, a Haitian immigrant became this country's Governor General, and in 2006, the government of (*) Paul Martin was dissolved. For 10 points, name this North American country led by Stephen Harper.
TOSSUP 12. These objects are cleaved and then redistributed in olefin metathesis. Found in carbonyl-containing functional groups, these objects are also found in all (*) alkenes. Omega-3 fatty acids contain one of these in position three of the molecule. Also found in molecules such as diatomic oxygen and carbon dioxide, these objects are composed of a sigma and pi bond. For 10 points, name this type of bond found in unsaturated molecules.
ANSWER: double bond(s)
TOSSUP 13. This work concludes with the protagonist asking the audience to forgive him by clapping. Minor characters include Boatswain, who is asleep for most of the play, and Stefano, a butler. The protagonist was once the (*) Duke of Milan, but was banished by Antonio and Alonso. Set on an island inhabited by Caliban and a spirit named Ariel, this work concludes with Ferdinand playing a game of chess with Miranda, the daughter of Prospero. For 10 points, name this play by Shakespeare that begins with a storm.
ANSWER: The Tempest
TOSSUP 14. One of these is often ended with a date, a fig-like fruit. Another of these involves wearing white sheets and running seven times between Mount Safa and Mount Marwah. The first of these is (*) Shahadah [shah-HAH-duh], and the one known as Salah [suh-LAH] must be done five times per day. Other examples of these include giving alms, making a pilgrimage to Mecca, and fasting during Ramadan. For 10 points, name this quintet of duties in Islam.
ANSWER: Pillars of Islam (accept equivalents, but prompt on "hajj" or other examples)
TOSSUP 15. This author of the historical book Wilson's Ghost had the middle name of Strange, and served as president of the World Bank from 1968 until 1981. He was the first president of Ford Motors who was not related to Henry Ford, and this man was the subject of the 2003 Errol Morris film (*)Fog of War. For 10 points, name this man who served as Secretary of Defense under JFK and LBJ during the Vietnam War.
ANSWER: Robert Strange McNamara
TOSSUP 16. This man wrote Moses and Monotheism and investigated the origins of religion and morality in Totem and Taboo. His grandson Lucian is a painter, and his daughter (*) Anna expanded his ideas on defense mechanisms. His work The Interpretation of Dreams discussed the Oedipus complex, and he developed the concepts of ego, super-ego, and id. For 10 points, name this Austrian founder of psychoanalysis.
ANSWER: Sigmund Freud
TOSSUP 17. Pablo Picasso created a series of 58 interpretations of this painting, which is set in a room with many large canvases. This painting includes a nun and man-servant standing together, along with the royal couple being reflected in a mirror. (*) On the left, this work contains a self-portrait of the artist standing at an easel, and in the lower right, a figure has a leg on a large dog. Its other figures include an ugly dwarf and the Infanta Margarita. For 10 points, name this painting by Diego Velázquez.
ANSWER: Las Meninas (also accept The Maids of Honor)
TOSSUP 18. During his time at Tanglewood, he wrote A Wonder Book, and his time in Italy led to The Marble Faun. A short story by this man about Reverend Hooper is entitled (*) "The Minister's Black Veil," which is found in Twice-Told Tales. His time at Brook Farm inspired The Blithedale Romance, and his best known work centers on Hester Prynne [PRIN]. For 10 points, name this American author The House of Seven Gables and The Scarlet Letter.
ANSWER: Nathaniel Hawthorne
TOSSUP 19. His namesake principle of least time concerns the path taken by a ray of light. Examples of this man's namesake number include 3, 5, 17, and 257. Considered one of the founders of modern number theory and probability theory, he famously wrote that (*) a book's margin was too small to include a certain proof. The Taniyama-Shimura conjecture was used by Andrew Wiles to find a solution to his namesake "last theorem." For 10 points, name this 17th century French mathematician.
ANSWER: Pierre de Fermat
TOSSUP 20. The philosopher Rudolf Carnap was a member of this city's "Circle," and the treaty signed in this city ended the War of the Polish Succession. Home to OPEC headquarters, it was sieged by (*) Suleiman the Magnificent in 1529, and again by the Ottomans in 1693. A congress held here in 1815 was chaired by Metternich and redrew Europe’s political map. For 10 points, name this capital of Austria.
BONUS 1. Name the US president associated with these programs.
 The War on Poverty and the civil rights movement were part of his Great Society.
ANSWER: Lyndon B. Johnson (also accept LBJ)
 LBJ's Great Society was partly inspired by this president's Fair Deal program.
ANSWER: Harry S. Truman
 This president's New Frontier program boosted the space program and established the agencies Alliance for Progress and Peace Corps.
ANSWER: John F. Kennedy (also accept JFK)
BONUS 2. Name these Impressionists.
 The term Impressionism is derived from this man's painting Impression, Sunrise. He is also known for creating a bunch of haystacks and water lilies.
 The only work purchased by a museum during his lifetime was New Orleans Cotton Exchange, and the favorite subjects of this artist included horses and ballet dancers.
ANSWER: Edgar Degas BONUS 3. Answer the following about religious history.
 This clergyman delivered the sermon "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God."
ANSWER: Jonathan Edwards
 In 1535, members of this movement led a rebellion in the German city of Münster. They believed that only true believers, not babies, should be initiated into the Church.
ANSWER: Anabaptist(s) (also accept Anabaptism)
 This French-born Swiss theologian was opposed to the Anabaptists, wrote Institutes of the Christian Religion, and believed in absolute pre-destination.
ANSWER: John Calvin BONUS 4. Name these characters from Herman Melville's Moby Dick.
 This man is the narrator of Moby Dick.
 This harpooner covered with tattoos saves Tashtego from a sperm whale's head.
 This captain of the Pequod is obsessed with killing Moby Dick after he loses a leg.
ANSWER: Ahab BONUS 5. Name these concepts from economics.
 This term refers to the value of the next-highest-valued alternative use of a resource.
ANSWER: opportunity cost
 This ten-letter word refers to the responsiveness of the quantity purchased of an item, compared to changes in the item's price.
 Often illustrated with English cloth and Portuguese wine, this term was described by Paul Samuelson as "both true and non-trivial."
ANSWER: comparative advantage BONUS 6. Name these types of heat transfer.
 Heat from the sun is an example of this type of transfer, in which heat is emitted by one body, transmitted through space, and then absorbed by another body.
 Some ovens work by the "forced" type of this heat transfer, which is seen in fluids.
 This transfer occurs from a region of high temperature to low temperature in a solid.
ANSWER: conduction BONUS 7. Answer the following about alcohol, sort of.
 Occurring in western Pennsylvania in 1794, this rebellion protested a tax on liquor.
ANSWER: Whiskey Rebellion
 Montresor takes revenge on Fortunato in this short story by Edgar Allan Poe.
ANSWER: "The Cask of Amontillado"
 This law relates the absorbance of a dilute solution with its concentration and the path length of the light through the solution.
ANSWER: Beer's Law (also accept Beer-Lambert law)
BONUS 8. Name these most recent Chinese dynasties.
 The Opium War was an event of this last Chinese dynasty.
ANSWER: Ching (same thing as Qing; also accept Manchu)
 Lasting from 1271 to 1368, this Mongol dynasty was founded by Kublai Khan.
 Development of the arts, such as porcelain, occurred in this penultimate dynasty, which also saw seven great naval expeditions led by Zheng He.
ANSWER: Ming BONUS 9. Name these forms of symbiosis.
 Phoresy [FOR-ih-see] is an example of this type of symbiosis, which involves one animal attaching itself to another animal for transportation.
 A hookworm living in a human gut is an example of this form of symbiosis, in which one member benefits while the other is harmed.
 Both members benefit in this form of symbiosis.
ANSWER: mutualism BONUS 10. Answer the following about the works of Ayn Rand.
 Equality 7-2521 narrates this novel, in which the word "I" has disappeared.
 In this lengthy novel, the leader of a railroad company, Dagny Taggart, falls in love with John Galt, who leads the strike of the mind.
ANSWER: Atlas Shrugged
 A speech by John Galt discusses this philosophy created by Ayn Rand.
ANSWER: Objectivism BONUS 11. Answer the following about a drum corps [CORE].
 Based in Rockford, Illinois, this corps with white uniforms is noted for their classically-based shows, and finished second in 2006 with a show entitled "Faust."
ANSWER: PhantomRegiment (accept either)
 The 2007 Phantom Regiment program included the piece 1000 Airplanes on the Roof by this minimalist, who is best known for the opera Einstein on the Beach.
ANSWER: Philip Glass
 The 2007 program also included part of this Russian composer's opera The Firebird.
ANSWER: Igor Stravinsky BONUS 12. Name these works by Leo Tolstoy.
 This novella's title character becomes close to Gerasim after falling off a ladder.
ANSWER: The Death of Ivan Ilyich (also accept Smert Ivana Ilyicha)
 The Napoleonic invasion of Russia is central to this lengthy novel, which includes the characters Andrew Bolkonski and Pierre Bezukhov.
ANSWER: War and Peace (also accept Voyna i Mir)
 Stephan Oblonsky is the sister of this novel's title character, who marries Alexei Vronsky, but throws herself under a train and dies.
ANSWER: Anna Karenina BONUS 13. Name these members of the Boston Red Sox.
 In 2006, the Red Sox paid $51 million for the bidding rights of this Japanese pitcher.
ANSWER: Daisuke [DICE-K] Matsuzaka
 This FSU alum refused to play for the Phillies in 1997. This outfielder has played for the Cardinals, Braves, and Dodgers, and was signed by the Red Sox in 2007.
ANSWER: J. D. Drew
 This inventor of the "slutter" pitch recorded 37 saves for the Red Sox in 2007.
ANSWER: Jonathan Papelbon BONUS 14. Name these history writers.
 This author of A History of the English-Speaking Peoples won the 1953 Nobel Prize in Lit, but may be better known for serving as British Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945.
ANSWER: Winston Churchill
 This American historian, who died in 2005, wrote The Civil War: A Narrative. He became famous after appearing in the Ken Burns documentary, The Civil War.
ANSWER: Shelby Foote
 This 18th century English historian wrote the six-volume work The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.
ANSWER: Edward Gibbon (do NOT accept Gibbons)
BONUS 15. Name these organelles.
 Intracellular digestion is the main function of this organelle with an acidic interior.
 Stacks of thylakoids are found in this organelle where photosynthesis occurs.
 Catalase is one of the enzymes found in this organelle that removes toxic substances.
BONUS 16. Answer the following about a work of philosophy.
 Written in 1651 and named for a Biblical sea monster, this four-part work begins with "Of Man" and describes life as "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short."
ANSWER: Leviathan [luh-VYE-uh-thun]
 This English philosopher wrote De Cive and Leviathan.
ANSWER: Thomas Hobbes
 The title of the second and third sections includes this term, of which there are three types: monarchy, aristocracy and democracy.
ANSWER: commonwealth BONUS 17. Answer the following about a western Russian city.
 The Winter Palace and Hermitage Museum are located in this major seaport, formerly known as Leningrad.
ANSWER: St. Petersburg
 St. Petersburg is located on the delta of this river, in which Rasputin drowned.
ANSWER: Neva River
 The Neva River connects the Gulf of Finland with this largest European lake.
ANSWER: Lake Ladoga BONUS 18. Answer the following about British poetry.
 This 17th century poet began his poem "To Althea, From Prison" with the lines "Stone walls do not a prison make, nor iron bars a cage."
ANSWER: Richard Lovelace
 Richard Lovelace, along with Robert Herrick, were members of this group of poets associated with Charles I.
ANSWER: Cavalier poets
 This metaphysical poet and one-time assistant to John Milton wrote a "Horation Ode" to Cromwell, along with the poem "To His Coy Mistress."
ANSWER: Andrew Marvell BONUS 19. Name these people involved in slave revolts.
 In 1856, he killed five pro-slavery southerners in Kansas, and in 1859, this abolitionist led the attack on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry.
ANSWER: John Brown
 In Southampton County in Virginia in 1831, he led a revolt that killed 55 people.
ANSWER: Nat Turner
 After purchasing his freedom, this man planned a slave insurrection in 1822 with the intention of taking over Charleston, South Carolina.
ANSWER: Denmark Vesey [VEE-zee]
BONUS 20. Answer the following about plate tectonics.
 This hard outer layer of Earth, which is fragmented into tectonic plates, rests on a layer called the asthenosphere [as-THEEN-uh-sfeer].
 This German advocated the theory of continental drift and coined the word Pangaea.
ANSWER: Alfred Wegener
 Classes of this type of fracture in the Earth's crust include dip-slip and strike-slip.
FSU HS Tournament 2007
Round 3 TOSSUP 1. A political party named for this was successful in electing Sidney J. Catts as Governor of Florida. The movement with this name was spearheaded by Methodists and promoted by the WCTU. The enforcement of this was enabled with the (*) Volstead Act, and it was established by the 18th Amendment, but repealed by the 21st Amendment. For 10 points, name this era from 1920 to 1933 in which alcoholic beverages could not be sold.
TOSSUP 2. Bernini depicted this figure hunched with a furrowed forehead near a harp, and Verrocchio [vuh-ROH-kee-oh] made a statue of him with a sword. In the 1440s, this figure appeared in the first freestanding (*) nude male sculpture made since antiquity; however, the most famous depiction is seventeen feet tall and was created by Michelangelo. For 10 points, name this second King of Israel who was depicted by Donatello standing on the head of Goliath.
TOSSUP 3. Albert Nagyrapolt and Walter Haworth won Nobel Prizes for their work on this molecule. Linus Pauling suggested that humans intake 2300 milligrams a day, and unlike most animals, (*) humans are unable to internally make this vitamin. Spongy gums, bleeding from mucous membranes, and spots on the skins are symptoms from the deficiency of this vitamin, which is known as scurvy. For 10 points, name this vitamin often found in citrus fruits.
ANSWER: Vitamin C
TOSSUP 4. Mr. Walters gives him a Bible, despite him naming David and Goliath as the first two disciples. Previously "engaged" to Amy Lawrence, this literary character is friends with Ben Rogers and Joe Harper. (*) He has a cousin named Mary and a half-brother named Sid. This resident of St. Petersburg lives with his Aunt Polly, and develops a crush on Becky Thatcher. For 10 points, name this literary character created by Mark Twain.
ANSWER: TomSawyer (accept either name)
TOSSUP 5. As the god Rig, this person created the three races of mankind. This son of nine mothers rides the horse Gulltop and is nicknamed Gold Tooth. This Norse god of dawn and light requires no sleep, has excellent vision, and can (*) hear grass grow. He will kill Loki at Ragnarok, but not before blowing the Gjallarhorn when danger approaches Asgard. FTP, name this guardian of the rainbow bridge Bifrost.
TOSSUP 6. The Nicoya Peninsula is located in the northwestern portion of this country, whose highest point is Cerro Chirripó. Lakes of molten sulfur are found near this country's Poás Volcano, and the city of Cartago is located at the base of Irazú Volcano. Home to the cities of (*) Caldera, Puerto Limón, and Alajuela, this country is sandwiched in between Nicaragua and Panama. For 10 points, name this country with capital at San José.
ANSWER: Costa Rica
TOSSUP 7. One of these named for Humboldt is the largest in the Northern Hemisphere. Kames are mound of sand and gravel that are deposited by these structures, while eskers are formed by (*) streams under these objects. There currently 26 of these objects in a namesake national park in Montana. An elongated hill or ridge of its drift is known as a drumlin, and the accumulation of debris carried by one of these is known as a moraine. For 10 points, name this slow moving mass of ice.
TOSSUP 8. In a short story by this man, Yanko Goorall is shipwrecked and falls in love with the titular character, "Amy Foster." He collaborated with Ford Madox Ford on The Inheritors, and was inspired by time on a merchant ship to write (*)The Secret Sharer. His best-known work ends with the death of Kurtz, who exclaims “The horror! The horror!” For 10 points, name this author of Nostromo, Lord Jim and Heart of Darkness.
ANSWER: Joseph Conrad
TOSSUP 9. This historical figure is paired with Mohammed in the most famous work by Henri Pirenne. The historian Einhard chronicled his capture of Desiderius at the Battle of Pavia, where he gave himself the (*) Iron Crown after defeating the Lombards. Son of Pepin the Short and grandson of Charles Martel, this man had twelve paladins, including Roland. For 10 points, name this King of the Franks, who was made Holy Roman Emperor by Leo III in AD 800.
ANSWER: Charlemagne (also accept "Charles the Great" or "Charles I")
TOSSUP 10. Prolonged contact with its solid form results in tissue damage, and its gaseous form can cause severe burns. Inhalation of the liquid form of this chemical can result in death, as seen with Virginia Woolf and (*) Percy Shelley. Exposure to it decreases the effectiveness of automobile brakes and leads to corrosion of metals. For 10 points, name this chemical consisting of 1 part oxygen and 2 parts hydrogen.
ANSWER: water (also accept dihydrogen monoxide or DHMO or other equivalents)
TOSSUP 11. This man composed music for the film Lieutenant Kijé. A play by Carlo Gozzi inspired his opera The Love for Three Oranges, and the piece "Montagues and Capulets" is from his ballet (*)Romeo and Juliet. The music of Haydn inspired his Classical Symphony, but this Russian is best known for a work in which an oboe represents a duck and a bassoon represents the grandfather. For 10 points, name this composer of Peter and the Wolf.
ANSWER: Sergei Prokofiev
TOSSUP 12. He exclaims "milk was a bad choice" on a hot day, and "this burrito is delicious, but it is filling." This character believes diversity "is an old, old wooden (*) ship that was used during the Civil War era," and that San Diego was discovered by the Germans in 1904. He owns a dog named Baxter, and plays the jazz flute to impress Veronica Corningstone. For 10 points, name this news-reporter played by Will Ferrell.
ANSWER: RonBurgundy (accept either name; also accept Anchorman)
TOSSUP 13. A threat to it was the Satsuma Rebellion, which occurred because of the dismantling of feudalism. A military part of this event was the Boshin War, and it adhered to five principles known as the (*) Charter Oath. Marked by an opening to the West, this event began after overturning the Tokugawa Shogunate. For 10 points, name this event in and around 1868 in which the Japanese emperor restored power.
TOSSUP 14. He serves as an apprentice under the surgeon James Bates, and has a cousin named Richard Sympson, who publishes his account. While in "Several Remote Nations of the World," he visits Lord Munodi, and Glumdalclitch makes clothes for him. This literary character puts out a fire with (*) urine while in Lilliput and encounters brutish creatures called Yahoos. For 10 points, name this title character of a novel by Jonathan Swift.
ANSWER: Lemuel Gulliver
TOSSUP 15. George Palade [puh-LAH-dee] discovered this organelle, whose shape is altered by the antibiotic amino-glycoside. Most of this organelle is produced in the nucleolus, and it contains E, P, and A sites. The prokaryotic version is smaller than the eukaryotic version, which consists of (*) 40S and 60S subunits. Endoplasmic reticulum is "rough" when this organelle is attached. For 10 points, name this organelle that is the site of protein synthesis.
TOSSUP 16. This man wrote Key into the Languages of America and had a feud with the Quakers, which led to work George Fox Digged out of His Burrowes. This founder of the First Baptist Church in America advocated fair dealings with (*) Native Americans. Expelled from Massachusetts for criticizing Puritanism, he founded a community based on religious freedom in 1636. For 10 points, name this founder of the Rhode Island colony.
ANSWER: Roger Williams
TOSSUP 17. A type of bridge is named for Nathan Rosen and this man, who is also the namesake of a project that is searching for gravitational waves. Together with the Indian scientist (*) Bose, he is the namesake of a state of matter found near absolute zero. The subject of a recent Walter Isaacson biography, this man won a Nobel Prize for his work on the photoelectric effect. For 10 points, name this German physicist who developed the theory of relativity and the equation E equals M C squared.
ANSWER: Albert Einstein
TOSSUP 18. Molyneux's Problem was originally posed to this man, who wrote that children should learn a manual skill in his work Some Thoughts Concerning Education. While in Holland in the 1680s, he completed a work that attacked the Cartesian view of knowledge, entitled (*)An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. For 10 points, name this British empiricist who attacked the divine right of kings in his Two Treatises on Government, and believed in the theory of tabula rasa.
ANSWER: John Locke
TOSSUP 19. John Marshall Harlan cast the lone dissenting vote in this case, whose majority opinion was written by Henry Billings Brown. It ruled that the (*) equal protection clause dealt with political and not social equality, and agreed with a Louisiana statue involving the segregation of railroad cars. For 10 points, name this 1896 Supreme Court case that upheld the "separate but equal" doctrine.
ANSWER: Plessy v. Ferguson
TOSSUP 20. She wrote a children's book with her son Slade entitled The Big Box. A recent novel by this woman centers on women who had a relationship with Bill Cosey. Her first novel is about Pecola Breedlove, who is raped by her father Cholly. This author of Love and (*)The Bluest Eye was the first African-American to win the Nobel Prize in Lit. Her most famous work concerns a mother who kills a child rather than let it be brought up as a slave. For 10 points, name this author of Beloved.
ANSWER: Toni Morrison (also accept Chloe Wofford)
BONUS 1. Answer the following about the Congress of Vienna.
 The Congress of Vienna was held shortly before Napoleon was defeated by the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard von Blucher at this 1815 battle.
ANSWER: Battle of Waterloo
 The Congress of Vienna was presided over by this Austrian statesman.
ANSWER: Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich
 This German-born American diplomat wrote a dissertation on the Congress of Vienna, but he's better known for negotiating the cease-fire with North Vietnam.
ANSWER: Henry Kissinger BONUS 2. Name these types of musical scales.
 This type of scale includes all twelve notes sequentially, each a half-step apart.
 Chinese music is associated with this scale, an example of which is C, D, E, G, A, C.
 A dreamy sound is often evoked with this six-note scale named for an interval.
ANSWER: whole tone BONUS 3. Answer the following about a country in the Pacific Ocean.
 This island nation is home to the cities of Christchurch, Auckland and Wellington.
ANSWER: New Zealand
 The highest peak in New Zealand is named for this 18th century English explorer. The North Island is separated from the South Island by his namesake strait.
ANSWER: James Cook
 New Zealand is home to this indigenous group, with whom the British signed the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840.
ANSWER: Maori BONUS 4. Answer the following about a famous literary character.
 This scholar makes a deal with the Devil, who helps him be with Gretchen. He later falls in love with Helen of Troy, and celebrates Walpurgis Night.
ANSWER: Faust (also accept Faustus)
 The best-known version of the Faust story was created by this German author, who also wrote Wilhelm Meister's Apprenticeship and The Sorrows of Young Werther.
ANSWER: Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
 This 16th century English dramatist wrote an earlier version entitled The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus.
ANSWER: Christopher Marlowe BONUS 5. Answer the following about acids and bases.
 This type of solution prevents pH change when a strong acid or base is added.
 According to this theory, any compound that transfers a proton is an acid, and the compound that accepts the proton is a base.
 The pH of a substance plus its pOH will always equal this number.
ANSWER: 14 BONUS 6. Answer the following about relatively recent legislative acts.
 This act attempts to improve the performance of US schools, but also requires that schools distribute names and contact information to military recruiters.
ANSWER: No Child Left Behind Act
 Signed shortly after the 9/11 attacks, this act includes a section entitled "Enhancing Domestic Security against Terrorism."
ANSWER: USA PATRIOT Act
 An act recently upheld by Gonzales v. Carhart bans this type of late-term abortion.