From Revolution to Reconstruction



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Urban Development

Before the Civil War, most people lived in rural areas.  After World War I, over half of the entire American population lived in cities.  Remember, the movement of people from rural to urban areas is called urbanization.  As cities grew, many were incapable of keeping up with the building and repair necessary to hold everyone.  These areas often lacked fire departments, police stations, schools, and adequate sewers. Low wages kept working families living in tenements, single-room apartment buildings, in areas that were often crime-ridden, dirty, and very overcrowded.


Turn of the Century
The Industrial Revolution had lasting effects.  The people of the early 20th century had access to many more luxuries than any people before.  Automobiles transformed culture by allowing people to live farther and farther away from the workplace.  This created suburban life.  Cities were transformed by the ever growing skyscrapers that seemed to dominate architecture.  This was made possible due to better methods of production of steel and the increasing use of energy sources such as electricity and coal.  Electricity changed life as people began to use electric lights and appliances in their homes.  For entertainment, new technologies such as the radio and moving pictures became popular.  The spirit of invention continued throughout the early part of the 20th century.

(1) List three businessmen of the Industrial Age


(2) What did the United States market economy lead to?


(3) What is urbanization and why did it expand during the Industrial Age?


(4) There are positive and negative features of the Industrial Revolution. In your opinion, did the Industrial Revolution lead to more positive or negative outcomes?

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