From Contraception to the Abortion Explosion Quotes from Catholic Authorities Linking Abortion to Contraception Judie Brown: President of American Life League
“Birth control leads to a state of mind that treats sexual activity as if it has nothing to do with babies; babies are treated as "accidents", as a burden to be eliminated. In this way, contraception is clearly linked to abortion.”
Joseph Scheidler: National Director of the Pro-Life Action League
"Contraception is more the root cause of abortion than anything else."
Professor Janet Smith: Professor of Ethics at Sacred Heart Major Seminary in Detroit.
“Contraception enables those who are not prepared to care for babies to engage in sexual intercourse; when they become pregnant, they resent the unborn child for intruding itself upon their lives and they turn to the solution of abortion.
It is foolish for pro-lifers to think that they can avoid the issues of contraception and sexual irresponsibility and be successful in the fight against abortion.”
In "Evangelium Vitae," Pope John Paul II stated that “the pro-abortion culture is especially strong wherever the Church's teaching on contraception is rejected.” The Holy Father further stated that "contraception and abortion are often closely connected, as fruits of the same tree."
He goes on to say, ”such practices are rooted in a hedonistic mentality unwilling to accept responsibility in matters of sexuality, and they imply a self-centered concept of freedom, which regards procreation as an obstacle to personal fulfillment. The life which could result from a sexual encounter thus becomes an enemy to be avoided at all costs, and abortion becomes the only possible decisive response to failed contraception.”
Pope John Paul II while speaking to a group of Austrian Bishops:
“The invitation to contraception as a supposedly 'harmless' manner of the relation between the sexes is not only an insidious denial of man's moral freedom. It fosters a depersonalized understanding of sexuality which is restricted mainly to the moment and promotes that mentality out of which abortion arises….."
In 1983 Pope John Paul II declared "Contraception is to be judged so profoundly unlawful as never to be, for any reason, justified. To think or to say the contrary is equal to maintaining that in human life, situations may arise in which it is lawful not to recognize God as God" (L’Osservatore Romano, Oct. 10, 1983, p. 7).
In the 1992 U.S. Supreme Court decision of Planned Parenthood v. Casey (which confirmed the Roe v. Wade decision) it stated: "In some critical respects abortion is of the same character as the decision to use contraception. ... For two decades of economic and social developments, people have organized intimate relationships and made choices that define their views of themselves and their places in society, in reliance on the availability of abortion in the event that contraception should fail."
"Pharmacists for Life International"say in their advertising brochure: "Contraception is the Achilles Heel of the Pro-Life Movement. If we do not take clear steps against contraception, it will destroy the pro-life movement just as assuredly as it destroys the smallest life."
From Vicki Thorn, Founder of Project Rachel speaking at the Marywood Conference on Post Abortion Healing in Nov, 2008: “The Pill became available in 1960 and it set off the sexual revolution.”
From Msgr. Vincent Foy, PhD,of Catholics Against Contraception:
“Comparing contraception and abortion enables us to see that they are linked in a death chain. Contraception is at the top of the chain. Contraception gives birth to abortion deaths and to the acceptance of sterile sodomy. Abortion gives birth to euthanasia. All of these give birth to the acceptance of a pervasive pornography. When these are widespread we have the Culture of Death. This Culture of Death gives birth to the death of the family, to the death of society, to the death of the Church, and to the perpetual death of immortal souls.”
From a homily by Bishop Thomas J. Olmsted, in January, 2001; he is now the Bishop of Phoenix:
“Contraception follows this same false logic. For it refuses to receive ones spouse as a gift in his or her whole self. It says, "I will only receive you if you are not fertile." Not infrequently, it is said that there would be very few abortions if contraceptives were made easily available to all. Quite the opposite has proven to be true. In country after country, abortion only becomes widespread shortly after contraceptives are introduced into society. What follows legalized contraception is the development of a contraceptive mentality in which children are regarded as an obstacle to personal fulfillment. Any life that results from a sexual encounter which was supposed to be guarded from fertility by the Pill or other means thus becomes an enemy to be avoided at all costs. Abortion becomes the solution to failed contraception.”
From Father Thomas Euteneuer of Human Life International in his CD “The Infertile Soul, Contraception’s influence on Faith & Society”
“Without Birth Control the Sexual Revolution would not have succeeded. Birth Control is the instrument of the modification of people’s behaviors and values. It is the instrument of social change. Abortion is not the revolution; it is the fruit of the revolution. The revolution is contraception.
Birth control forms whole societies in selfishness attitudes effecting behaviors toward children and sacred realities like marriage. Where children are not seen as a gift, but a problem, where marriage just becomes another social contract and where we are unable to build any meaningful society, because we don’t have any meaningful human bonds which are created by fertility.”
From Bishop Chaput of Denver, speaking in 1998:
“A significant new technology does not just add something to our society; it changes everything; just as a drop of red dye does not remain discrete in a glass of water, but colors every single molecule. Contraceptive technology, because of its impact on sexual intimacy has subverted our understanding of the purpose of sexuality, fertility and marriage itself.”
From Bishop Cordileone at the Catholic Family Conference in Anaheim on August 2, 2008; he is now the Bishop of Oakland:
“Since Humanae Vitae we have seen the erosion, the attacks on Human life, and the erosion of the meaning of marriage. Even to the point that now here in California we are locked in this life & death struggle to save marriage in the most basic understanding possible. These attempts to redefine marriage would ultimately result in redefining it out of existence.
How did we get to this point? I’m convinced, and I’m not the only one, that we got here by separating the procreative end of conjugal love from the unitive; what many call the contraceptive mentality.
Thus reducing the sexual act to be done solely for pleasure and so its proper place is no longer exclusively for marriage. And therefore all means are allowable for avoiding the consequences of an unintended pregnancy.
Contraception is the heart of all social ills. It is the poison that has contaminated everything in our society. But we have the good news which is the antidote to the poison. We need to get the news about Natural Family Planning out there. It is the most effective way we have.”
The Abortion Explosion: 20th Century Changes “All through the history of Christianity, contraception was considered, along with abortion, as an intrinsically evil undertaking, and if done with free will and sufficient reflection, always a mortal sin, placing one's salvation in eternal jeopardy. This was the consistent teaching of all the fathers and doctors of the Church, even in the doctrines and moral teachings of those Christians who, in the course of history, were separated from Rome and the See of Peter, as the Eastern Orthodox, and later, the various Protestant groups were. The teaching about the evil of contraception was maintained.”1 Since beginning in the 1850’s, nearly all states had laws banning abortion throughout the full term of pregnancy, some allowing exceptions when a woman’s life was in danger, but attitudes and laws started changing in the 30’s. • 1930: The Lambeth Conference. Anglican bishops approve use of contraception by married couples under certain circumstance. Other protestant denominations one by one gradually followed.
• 1936: The United States Circuit Court of Appeals in the “United States v One Package” made it possible for Doctors to distribute condoms across State lines. Up until that time the “Comstock Act” in 1873 had made all forms of contraception illegal and it was a Federal offense to disseminate birth control through the mail or across State Lines. Soon after, 24 States enacted their own version of Comstock Laws to restrict contraceptive trade on the State level.
•1940: In the Supreme Court case of Cantwell v Connecticut the court decided that the Establishment clause and the Free Exercise clause of the first amendment (Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof…) of the constitution applied to the states as well as to the federal government.
In deciding the case, the justices found that the “Due Process” clause of the fourteenth amendment allowed the incorporation of the “Free Exercise” clause into the realm of State law.
• 1947: In the case of Everson v The Board of Education, the Supreme Court decided that both the Federal and State governments had established a wall of separation between church and state.
• 1948: Indiana Zoologist Alfred Kinsey releases his book “Sexual behavior of the human male”. In the book Kinsey painted a picture of Americans being amoral sexual animals which was supposedly based on thousands of interviews. It was not until years later in 1981 by researcher Judith Reisman that he was found to be a liar, fraud and masochistic sexual psychopath. His claims about normal males were based on data collected from male prostitutes, sexual psychopaths, imprisoned sex offenders, and promiscuous homosexuals.
But the damage has already been done. When it comes to America’s culture, Kinsey is still king—revered to this day by the vast majority of academics and “experts”.
• 1957: The Pill becomes approved by the FDA for the control of menstrual disorders and many women obtained prescriptions for it on that basis. Research to develop the pill had been started by Gregory Pincus in the early 50’s supported by donations from Katharine Dexter McCormick and Margaret Sanger.
• 1960: The Pill is additionally approved as a Contraceptive by the FDA. But, thirty six states still had the Comstock statutes on the books prohibiting or restricting the sale and advertisement of contraception.
• 1962: In the case of Engle v Vitale, the Supreme Court determined that it is unconstitutional for state officials to compose an official school prayer and require its recitation in public schools.
• 1963: In the case of Abington Township School District v. Schempp, the Supreme Court declared school sponsored Bible reading in public schools to be unconstitutional.
• 1963: In the 60’s new wave of Feminism was growing that seemed to be further sparked in 1963 by Betty Freidan’s book The Feminine Mystique. • 1965: Based on the Right to Privacy found in the Due Process clause of the 14thamendment, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down the States Comstock Laws in the Griswold v Connecticut decision and the Pill as well as all contraception became easily accessible to married couples. Some states retained ineffective laws against distribution of contraceptives to unmarried persons. By 1965, 53% of Catholic wives aged 18 to 39 had used contraception of some form and this grew to 68% by 1970, whereas that number had been 30% in 1955.2 • 1967: In 1967 the States of Colorado and California were the first States to legalize abortion by legislative action. By 1972 seventeen states had legal abortion laws. Five States, California, New York, Hawaii and Alaska had liberal laws, while the other 12 allowed abortions only for assault rape, incest, life of the mother and severe fetal handicap. Thirty three State legislatures had voted against legalizing abortion.
• 1968: Groups of theologians publicly refused to accept Pope Paul VI’s teaching of the immorality of contraception in Humanae Vitae. These theologians laid claim to a persons “Conscience” as being the supreme subjective norm of morality and thus justified use of the Pill; even though the church teaches that “Conscience” as a moral compass has to be educated to the level of understanding Divine Law and Natural Law and could otherwise be erroneous. Also, in the interim period between 1960 and 1968, many Catholics had assumed the Church’s position on the Pill eventually would be favorable based on the opinions of prominent outspoken Catholics. • 1969: No-fault" divorce was pioneered in the United States by the state of California with the passage of the Family Law Act of 1969. The Act was signed by Governor Ronald Reagan on September 4th 1969, and it took effect on January 1 1970. It abolished the old common law action for divorce and replaced it with the proceeding for dissolution of marriage on the grounds of "irreconcilable differences."
• 1972: In the Eisenstadt vs. Baird the U.S. Supreme Court extended it’s holding in the Griswold decision to unmarried couples, whereas the "right of privacy" in Griswold only applied to marital relationships. The argument for Eisenstadt was built on the claim that it was a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to deny unmarried couples the right to use contraception when married couples did have that right.
• 1973: In the Roe v Wade and Doe v Bolton decisions, using the framework of the personal right to privacy of the 1965 Griswold decision, the Supreme Court legalized abortion throughout all nine months of Pregnancy.
• 1992: In the Casey decision the Supreme Court reaffirms its support for abortion citing Stare Decisis (precedent of the Roe v Wade decision) and also citing the need to maintain the right to abortion, justified by the reliance of society on abortion as a backup to failed contraception. “Growing use of the contraceptive pill in the 1960s helped usher in an era of what proponents called “free love,” more accurately called “sex without regard for consequences.” The idea took hold that sexual activity could be separated from responsibility for children and pursued simply for pleasure. The result was an increase in premarital and extramarital sex, divorce, sexually transmitted disease, and (ironically) out-of-wedlock childbearing. The family that provides a fitting context for welcoming new life was weakened, and abortions increased.” 3 An estimate for 1966 is that there were 125,000 illegal abortions in the U.S. that year.4 But now, we have over one million Legal surgical abortions yearly and a much larger untold number of chemical abortions, with the total somewhere near one Billion throughout the world since 1973.
Shotgun Weddings Throughout the prior history of the United States abortion had always been considered a very shameful and intrinsically evil act, especially so among Catholics. Take a look back at the earlier decades of the 20thcentury and ask the Question, “What happened when an unmarried Catholic couple got pregnant?” And the answer is that most of the time “they got married in a Shotgun Wedding”. If she didn’t marry, the girl would be quietly sent away to have the baby and give it up for adoption. While perhaps not the perfect solutions, abortion for Catholics in those days was rare. Abortion was just not given consideration by the vast majority of Catholics and other Christians at that time. The “choice” of abortion was unthinkable.
Ask the same question today and the answer will be that in many cases the baby is legally aborted. You don’t hear of shotgun weddings anymore. “An analysis of out of wedlock births in the United States” by George A Akerlof and Janet Yellen, and published by the Brookings Institute, provides the following.
“In the late 1960s and very early 1970s (well before Roe v. Wade in January 1973) many major states, including New York and California, liberalized their abortion laws. At about the same time it became easier for unmarried people to obtain contraceptives. In July 1970 the Massachusetts law prohibiting the distribution of contraceptives to unmarried people was declared unconstitutional. We have found that this rather sudden increase in the availability of both abortion and contraception we call it a reproductive technology shock is deeply implicated in the increase in out-of-wedlock births. Although many observers expected liberalized abortion and contraception to lead to fewer out-of-wedlock births, in fact the opposite happened because of the erosion in the custom of "shotgun marriages."
Until the early 1970s, shotgun marriage was the norm in premarital sexual relations. The custom was succinctly stated by one San Francisco resident in the late 1960s: "If a girl gets pregnant you married her. There wasn't no choice. So I married her."
Since 1969, however, shotgun marriage has gradually disappeared. For whites, in particular, the shotgun marriage rate began its decline at almost the same time as the reproductive technology shock. And the disappearance of shotgun marriages has contributed heavily to the rise in the out-of-wedlock birth rate for both white and black women. In fact, about 75 percent of the increase in the white out-of-wedlock first-birth rate, and about 60 percent of the black increase, between 1965 and 1990 is directly attributable to the decline in shotgun marriages. If the shotgun marriage rate had remained steady from 1965 to 1990, white out-of-wedlock births would have risen only 25 percent as much as they have. Black out-of-wedlock births would have increased only 40 percent as much.
What links liberalized contraception and abortion with the declining shotgun marriage rate? Before 1970, the stigma of unwed motherhood was so great that few women were willing to bear children outside of marriage. The only circumstance that would cause women to engage in sexual activity was a promise of marriage in the event of pregnancy. Men were willing to make (and keep) that promise for they knew that in leaving one woman they would be unlikely to find another who would not make the same demand. Even women who would be willing to bear children out-of-wedlock could demand a promise of marriage in the event of pregnancy.
The increased availability of contraception and abortion made shotgun weddings a thing of the past. Women who were willing to get an abortion or who reliably used contraception no longer found it necessary to condition sexual relations on a promise of marriage in the event of pregnancy. But women who wanted children, who did not want an abortion for moral or religious reasons, or who were unreliable in their use of contraception found themselves pressured to participate in premarital sexual relations without being able to exact a promise of marriage in case of pregnancy. These women feared, correctly, that if they refused sexual relations, they would risk losing their partners. Sexual activity without commitment was increasingly expected in premarital relationships.”5
Root Cause Analysis All organizations have problems that plague their operations, reduce profits, and create customer dissatisfaction. Most organizations try to fix these problems quickly without ever finding what caused them in the first place, making the problems reappear. Root cause analysis is the process of finding and eliminating the cause, which would prevent the problem from returning. Only when the root cause is identified and eliminated can the problem be solved. There are many less structured problem identification methods; however, in order to develop a logical and repeatable approach, the process of root cause analysis uses more formal techniques such as Change Analysis.
In the business and industrial world, when a problem arises where previously it did not exist, the question is asked; “What Changed?” Considerable effort is expended to answer the question in detail. The Kepner Tregoe Change Analysis method developed in the 60’s for example requires a full examination of all possible changes requiring answers to the four characteristics ( What, Where, When and How Much) of any change that might be related to the problem.6 First, our problem must be defined. We know that abortion has been practiced throughout history, but not as commonly tolerated by a basically Christian society as it is today. I feel we should define our problem with abortion not as abortion per se; but as the “Explosion in Legalized Abortion”.
So, what changed to cause this dramatic explosion in legalized abortion? Naturally, one would say that the Roe v Wade decision of the Supreme Court caused it, but we must go beyond that and ask “What is the Root Cause of the Explosion in Legalized Abortion”
World War II forced many women into the work force; they liked the feeling of accomplishment and this helped push along the Feminist movement. The boom times after the war led to a more materialistic society and may have pushed the door further open for secularism. But I do not think these social changes alone would have led to our countries abandonment of children in the womb without one significant event. That event was the development of the contraceptive pill. The Pill further liberated those women that wanted freedom from their traditional roles as wife and mother. The growth in the use of the pill and other contraceptive devices led to the growth in abortion that we have seen since its legalization.
Analyzing the problem chronologically and systematically as the Kepnor Tregoe Change Analysis system forces you to do, looking at the sequence of changes that happened before Roe v Wade, it can be seen that it is very unlikely that Roe v Wade would have come about and we would have had the abortion explosion without the changes involving contraception. The Roe decision Legalizing abortion was based on the framework of the Griswold contraception decision. The sexual revolution did not precede the availability of the Pill but actually followed closely the growth in its usage.
Change Analysis shows us that the Root Cause of the Abortion Explosion is the explosion of contraceptive usage and specifically the contraceptive pill
What: Development and FDA approval of the Contraceptive Pill.
When: 1957, Approved for use to regulate menstrual disorders; Approved in 1960 for Contraceptive use.
How Much: By 1962 1.2 million women were using the Pill, and 2 million by 1963.
Reversing the Explosion I believe we need to attack this evil of abortion at its roots. We need to acknowledge that the major issue here is contraception and focus our forces against it. But how can we go back to the fifties and take the contraceptive pill and the other devices out of the picture? Reversing the legality of contraception would be next to impossible. Perhaps we can develop a huge advertising campaign and compare the destructiveness of contraception’s legality to that of smoking and people will gradually turn against it.
But, educating our younger Catholic generations to recognize this evil and live their lives free of it may be the only reasonable option we have in a battle against contraception. I understand that our Catholic schools already have in place comprehensive Family Life programs for teaching modesty and chastity to our preteens, and sexual integrity and abstinence before marriage to our teens. If not already being taught, the addition of Pope John Paul II’s “Theology of the Body” should be taught to our teens.
“Theology of the Body” profoundly teaches that imprinted in our married sexuality is the call to participate in the “created version” of God’s eternal “exchange of love” that exists in the Trinity. “God created us male and female so that we could image his love by becoming a sincere gift to each other.”7 Our Catholic high school seniors could be taught about the principles and benefits of Natural Family Planning after they have the solid foundation of the above curriculum. Catholic couples preparing for marriage would then not balk at the need to complete a detailed Natural Family Planning training course prior to marriage.
A battle against contraception and abortion is winnable within our own Church. The record of contraception and abortion over the last 50 years is a huge target. With proper education, exposing their evil and destructiveness compared to the benefits of clean living and NFP, I believe our young Catholics would be able to knock it out. As Catholics we will be in control of our own destiny and not at the mercy of the self serving legislators, creative judges and progressive educators. With the combination of teaching “Theology of the Body” and “Natural Family Planning” we have the opportunity to reverse the immorality of the past half century and give our young generations the freedom to realize that the “choice” of abortion is unthinkable. I believe we should make these improvements in the education of our young generations our top priority.
For more information on the Cultural Degradation of our society see the attached list.
May 18, 2009
1. Bishop Fabian W. Bruskewitz Speech on Humanae Vitae, October 25, 2003
2. Catholics and Contraception; an American History: Leslie Woodcock Tentler
3. The Prevention Deception: How not to Reduce Abortions: Richard Doerflinger, USCCB
5. An Analysis of Out of Wedlock Births in the United States: Akerlof and Yellen, the Brookings Institute
6. The Rational Manager, a Systematic Approach to Problem Solving and Decision Making: Kepner and Tregoe
The number of single mothers increased between 1970 and 2000, from 3 million to 10 million; over the same time frame, the number of single fathers increased also, from 393,000 to 2 million."—U.S. Census Bureau.
In the US in 2002 up to one quarter of sexually active teens were living with a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Each year over 15 million Americans will contract a new STD. Around a fifth of these will be teenagers. Indeed, while teens make up just 10 percent of the population, they account for 25 per cent of all STDs. That means every day in America 8000 teens will become infected with a new STD.
(How Teen Sex is Killing our Kids. By Meg Meeker.)