Frequency of narcissistic personality disorder in pastors: a preliminary study

Download 110.43 Kb.
Size110.43 Kb.
1   2   3

Kernberg, O. & Yeomans, F. 2013. Borderline personality disorder, bipolar disorder, depression, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and narcissistic personality disorder: Practical differential diagnosis. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 77(1), 1–22.

Kohut, H. 1976. The analysis of the self: A systematic approach to the psychoanalytic treatment of narcissistic personality disorders. New York, NY: International University Press.

Kowalski, R 2001. Behaving badly: Aversive behavior in interpersonal relationships. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Krahe, B. 2013. The social psychology of aggression (2nd ed.). London UK: Psychology Press.

Larson, J. 1981. The rhetoric of narcissism: Language and survival of American culture. The Christian Century. 859–864.

Lasch, C. 1979. The culture of narcissism: American life in an age of diminishing expectations. New York, NY: Norton and Company.

Lasch, C. 1984. The minimal self; Psychic survival in troubled times. New York, NY: Norton and Company.

Lasine, S. 2001. Knowing kings: Knowledge, power and narcissism in the Hebrew Bible. Atlanta, GA: Society of Biblical Literature.

Lasine, S. 2002. Divine narcissism and Yahweh’s parenting style. Biblical Interpretation, 10(1), 36–56.

Lawrence, C. 1987. An integrated spiritual and psychological growth model in the treatment of narcissism. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 15(3), 205–213.

Lee, K. & Ashton, M. 2012. The H factor of personality: Why some people are manipulative, self-entitled, materialistic and exploitive—and why it matters for everyone. Waterloo, ON: Wilfred Laurier University Press.

Lerner, R. 2009. The object of my affection is in my reflection: Coping with narcissists. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications.

Lowen, A. 1985. Narcissism: Denial of the true self. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster.

McDonald, C. 1991. Clarifying several nuances of narcissism and their implications for pastoral care. The Journal of Pastoral Care, 45(2), 149–156.

McWilliams, W, 1992. Christ and Narcissus: Prayer in a self-centered world. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press.

Miller, J., Hoffman, B., Gaugham, E., Gentle, B., Maples, J., & Campbell, W.K. 2011. Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism: A nomological network analysis. Journal of Personality, 79(5), 1013–1042, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00711.x

Miller, J., A., Gentile, B., Wilson, L., Pryor, L., & Campbell, W.K.. 2010. Searching for a vulnerable dark triad: Comparing factor 2 psychopathy, vulnerable narcissism, and borderline personality disorder. Journal of Personality, 78(5), 1530–1564, doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2010.00660.x

Millon, T. with Davis, R., Million, C., Wenger, A., Van Zuilen, M., Fuchs, M., & Millon, R. 1996. Disorders of Personality: DSM-VI and Beyond. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons.

Morf, C. & Rhodewalt, F. 2001. Unraveling the paradoxes of narcissism: A dynamic self-regulatory process model. Psychological Inquiry, 12(4), 177–196.

Namaka, L. 2005. Selfishness and narcissism in family relationships. Talk, Trust, and Feel Therapeutics. Retrieved from

Nauta, R. 2002. Not practicing theology. Pastoral Psychology, 50(3), 197–205.

Nauta, R. 2003. The Performance of authenticity: Ordination and profession in pastoral care. Pastoral Psychology, 51(5), 425–431.

Nauta, R. 2007. People make the place: Religious leadership and the identity of the local congregation. Pastoral Psychology, 56(1), 45–52.

Nauta, R. 2008. Self, sin and the sacred: Some elements of a select psychology for the care of souls. Pastoral Psychology, 56(6), 585–592.

Nauta, R. & Derckx, L. 2007. Why sin? A test and an exploration of the social and psychological context of resentment and desire. Pastoral Psychology, 56, 177–188.

Oates, W. 1987. Behind the mask: Personality disorders in religious behavior. Louisville, KY: Westminster Press.

Pan, S. 2006. Pastoral counseling of Korean clergy with burnout: Culture and narcissism. Asian Journal of Theology, 20(2), 241–255.

Patrick, J. 2010. Working with a narcissistic leader. Leadership. Retrieved from

Paulhus, D. & Williams, K. 2002. The dark triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality, 36(6): 556–563.

Pincus, A., Ansell, E., Pimentel, C., Cain, M., Wright, A., & Levy, K. 2009. Initial construction and validation of the Pathological Narcissism Inventory. Psychological Assessment, 21(3), 365–379

Pinsky, Drew. nd. The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI). Retrieved from

Pryor, L. Miller, J., & Gaughan, E. 2008. A comparison of the psychological entitlement scale and the narcissistic personality inventory’s entitlement scale: Relationship with general personality traits and personality disorders. Journal of Personality Assessment 90(5), 517–520.

Puls, D. 2013. The road home: A guided journey to church forgiveness and reconciliation. Eugene, OR: Cascade Press.

Randall, R. 1976. Religious ideation of a narcissistically disturbed individual. Journal of Pastoral Care, 30(1), 35–45.

Raskin, R., & Hall, C. 1981. The narcissistic personality inventory: alternate form reliability and further evidence of construct validity. Journal of Personality Assessment, 45(2), 159–162.

Raskin, R. & Novacek, J. 1989. An MMPI Description of the narcissistic personality. Journal of Personality Assessment, 53(1), 66–80.

Raskin, R. 1991, Narcissism and the use of fantasy. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 46(4), 490–499.

Raskin, R., Novacek, J., & Hogan, R. 1991. Narcissism, self-esteem, and defensive self-enhancement. Journal of Personality, 59(1), 19–38.

Raskin, R., & Shaw, R. 1988. Narcissism and the use of personal pronouns. Journal of Personality, 56(2), 393–404.

Raskin, R., & Howard, T. 1988. A principal-components analysis of the narcissistic personality inventory and further evidence of its construct validity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(5), 890–902.

Rediger, G. L. 1997. Clergy killers: Guidance for pastors and congregations under attack. Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press.

Ronningstam, E. 2009. “Narcissistic personality disorder: Facing DSM-V.” Psychiatric Annals 39(3), 111–121

Ronningstam, E. & Gunderson, J. 1990. Identifying criteria for narcissistic personality disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry. 147(7), 918–922.

Roosen, D. 2008. American congregations today. Hartford Institute for Religion Research. Retrieved from

Rosenthal, S., Montoya, R., Riddings, L., Rieck, S., & Hooley, J. 2011. Further evidence of the narcissistic personality inventory’s validity problems: A meta-analytical investigation – response to Miller, Maples, and Campbell. Journal of Research in Personality, 45(5), 408–418.

Russ, E., Shedler, J., Bradley, R., & Westen, D. 2008. Refining the construct of narcissistic personality disorder: Diagnostic criteria and subtypes. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 165(11): 1473–81.

Ryan, K., Weikel, K., & Sprechini, G. 2008. Gender differences in narcissism and courtship violence in dating couples. Springer Science and Business Media, 58, 802–813.

Sandage, S. & Moe, S. 2011. Narcissism and spirituality. In Campbell, W.K., Miller, J., Sandage, S., & Moe, S. (Eds.) The handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: Theoretical approaches, empirical findings, and treatments. Wiley Online Library, doi: 10.1002/9781118093108.ch37.

Schwartz-Salant, N. 1982. Narcissism and character transformation: The psychology of narcissistic character disorders. Toronto, Canada: Inner-City Books.

Seibel, C. 2009. It’s all about me, Jesus: The narcissistic worship leader. Direction Journal, 38(2), 246–253.

Shepperson, V. 1984. Jacob’s journey: From narcissism toward wholeness. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 12(3), 178–187.

Shults, F. L., & Sandage, S.J. 2003. The faces of forgiveness: Searching for wholeness and salvation. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.

Shupe, A. 2008. Rogue clerics: The social problem of clergy deviance. Piscataway, NJ: Transaction Publishing.

Simon, G. Jr. 2010. In sheep’s clothing: Understanding and dealing with manipulative people. Little Rock, AR: Parkhurst Brothers.

Stackhouse, M. 1975. On the boundary of psychology and theology. Andover Newton Quarterly, 196–207.

Susek, R. 1999. Firestorm: Preventing and overcoming church conflicts. Grand Rapids, MI. Baker Books.

Swanson, G. nd. Narcissism in the pulpit. Lumsden, SK: Power2serve. Retrieved from

Thompson, Curt. 2015. The soul of shame: Retelling the stories we believe about ourselves. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic.

Tracy, J., Cheng, J., Robins, R., & Trzesniewski, K. 2009. Authentic and hubristic pride: The affective core of self-esteem and narcissism. Psychology Press, 8, 196–213.

Tyrer, Peter. (Ed.) 2000. Personality disorders: Diagnosis, management and course. (2nd ed.) Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Twenge, J. 2006. Generation me: Why today’s young Americans are more confident, assertive, entitled – and more miserable than ever before. New York, NY: Free Press.

Twenge, J. 2013. How dare you say narcissism is increasing? Psychology Today. August 12, 2013. Retrieved from .

Twenge, J. & Campbell, W. 2009. The narcissism epidemic: Living in the age of entitlement. New York, NY: Free Press.

Vainio, E. 2007. The Saul syndrome: Its symptoms, causes, including options for potential codependents. Enrichment Journal. Retrieved from

Volkan, V. 2004. Blind trust: larger groups and their leaders in times of crisis and terror. Charlottesville, VA: Pitchstone Publishing.

Watson, P. J., Wood, R., & Morris, R. 1984. Religious orientation, humanistic values and narcissism. Review of Religious Research, 25(3), 257–264.

Watson, P., Jones, N., & Morris, R. 2004. Religious orientation and attitudes towards money: Relationships with narcissism and the influence of gender. Mental Health, Religion, & Culture 7, 277288.

Williford, C., & Williford, C. 2006. How to treat a staff infection: Resolving problems in your church or ministry. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.

Wilson, M., & Sibley, C. 2011. Narcissism creep? Evidence for age-related differences in narcissism in the New Zealand general population. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 40(3), 89–95.

Wink, P. 1992. Three narcissism scales for the California Q-set. Journal of Personality Assessment, 58(1), 51–66.

Wink, P., Dillon, M., & Fay, K. 2005. Spiritual seeking, narcissism and psychotherapy: How are they related? Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 44(2), 143–158.

Wink, P. & Dillon, M. 2008. Religiousness, spirituality, and psychosocial functioning in late adulthood: Findings from a longitudinal study. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 1, 102–115.

Wink, P. & Gough, H. 1990. New narcissism scales for the California psychological inventory and MMPI. Journal of Personality Assessment, 54(3&4), 446–462.

Zagano, P. 2004. Spiritual wisdom, narcissism, and “healthy humility”. Journal of Pastoral Counseling 39, 19–34.

Zondag, H. 2000. Motivation for the pastoral profession in the Netherlands. Journal of Psychology and Religion, 28, 109–118.

Zondag, H. 2001. Involved, loyal, alienated, and detached: The commitment of pastors. Pastoral Psychology, 49, 311–323.

Zondag, H. 2004a. Just like other people: Narcissism among pastors. Pastoral Psychology, 52, 423–437.

Zondag, H. 2004b. Knowing you make a difference: Results awareness and satisfaction in the pastoral profession. Review of Religious Research, 45, 254–269.

Zondag, H. 2005. Between imposing one’s will and protecting oneself: Narcissism and the meaning of life among Dutch pastors. Journal of Religion and Health, 44 (4), 413–426.

Zondag, H. 2006. Narcissism and motivation for the pastorate. Journal of Empirical Theology, 19, 227–243.

Zondag, H. 2007. Unconditional giving and unconditional taking: Empathy and narcissism among pastors. The Journal of Pastoral Care and Counseling, 61, 85–97.

Zondag, H., van Halen, C., & Wojtkowiak, J. 2009. Overt and covert narcissism in Poland and the Netherlands. Psychological Report, 104: 833–843, doi: 10.2466/PRO.104.3.899-846.

Zondag, H. & van Uden, M. 2010. I just believe in me: Narcissism and religious coping. Psychology of Religion, 32, 69–85.

Zondag, H. 2011. Still knocking on heaven’s door: Narcissism and prayer. Journal of Empirical Theology, 24, 19–35.

Share with your friends:
1   2   3

The database is protected by copyright © 2020
send message

    Main page