REFERENCES. Pollard A.F., Factors in Modern History. Perhaps England accidentally combined sovereignty with Nationalism — a fortunate chance1869, New York, G. P. Putnam's sons, London, A. Constable & Co., Ltd., 1907, p. 238.
Laski R. H., Tawney, Kropotkin, P. A. Kropotkin, Liberty in the Modern State Harold J. Laski, Pelican Books, p.p. 14, 24.
Barns Margarita, The Indian Press: A History of the Growth of Public Opinion In India, Institute of Historical Studies, Calcutta (India), G. Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1940, p.p. 29-34.
Trevelyan's classic "The Glorious Cause : The American Revolution', Oxford, Longmans Green & Co. 1909, p.l.
Burns C. Delisle., Political Ideals. The last sentence of Rousseau's 'Contract Social' acknowledges the further issue as to the relation between States with which he feels he cannot deal. Oxford University Press, p. 149.
Ibid, There appears to be still a conception abroad that poverty or disease is due to personal moral defects, but it is so absurd that we shall not discuss it., p. 151.
Ibid, In 1270. p. 154.
Ibid, 'De reg. princ.'; 'Summa' Th. I IIae. p. 154.
Ibid. 'Contrat Social', Book I, ch. I pg.i. p. 155.
Ibid, The expression of the ideal involved is in Locke's 'Essay on Civil Government'. The great phrase in ch. Xiii is, 'there remains in the people a supreme power to remove or alter the legislature'. p. 156.
Ibid, Morley, 'Rousseau', vol. ii, p. 160.
Ibid, Rousseau must have been influenced by the non-representative direct voting of the States in the Swiss Confederation; but as Morley observes, he prefers to quote as an example the Roman comitia, and the Macedonians and Franks. p. 157.
Ibid, 'Sa plus constante manrere de raisonner est d' etablir toryours le droit par le fait' ('Contrat Social', ch. ii), and so to suppose, as Grotius did, that a people gives itself over to absolute obedience is 'supposer un people de fous: la folie ne fait pas droit'. ch. iv, p. 62.
Ibid. ch. viii, p. 158.
Ibid, Book I, ch. ix, in fine', p. 158.
Ibid, Whether by redistribution of wealth or by 'moderation of avarice'. Cf., Book H, ch. xi, p. 159.
Ibid, Ibid, Book HI, ch. i. Government is intermediate between the sovereign and the subject, p. 159.
Ibid, Book III, ch. X. Thus Rousseau goes further in understanding Aristotle than Grotius did, p. 160.
Ibid, Book IV, ch. I. Rousseau says the people of Berne or Geneva Would never have submitted to a Cromwell or a Duke of Beaufort. Thus he definitely refers to the Swiss method, although he seems to refer to draw his examples from Macedon and Rome, as these had more 'prestige', p. 160.
Ibid, It was published eight years before the 'Contrat Social', p. 161.
Ibid, The last words of the 'Discourse', p. 161.
Ibid,The words are from D. Ritchie, p. 161.
Ibid, There is of course the continual tendency to complain against any system of representative government. The Referendum is merely a modified form of the Rousseau conception of the inalienable sovereignty of the people, p. 162.
Ibid, Thus Locke's Treatise is an excuse for established fact; but the Revolutionary 'excuse' was stated by Rousseau 'before' the fact of its partical realization, Ibid, pg 163.
Ibid, The pamphlet of Miss Jane Harrison, 'Homo Sum', is an admirable continuance of Revolutionary Literature, p.167.
26. Cf. Morley, ‘History and Politics’, ‘National sentiment changed to political idea.’,Political Thought by C.LWayper, Oxford, p. 71.
27. Ibid, Fichte’s ‘Addresses to the German Nation’ represent the change from sentiment to programme, p. 131.
28. Ibid, ‘They defied the very force which had re-established the old
Despotism.’ Morley, ‘History and Politics’, p. 132.