Framework curricula for secondary schools


Prerequisites of moving ahead



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Prerequisites of moving ahead
Marching according to commands. Gymnastics according to instructions, performing a few exercises which improve posture after demonstration. Improvement of physical condition. Improved measurable athletic performance, especially in the terms of better execution. Performing configuration of elements on a selected apparatus with assistance. Active participation in selected sports games. Active participation in some outdoor sport. Active participation in fighting games and exercises. Swimming 25 meters continuously.

Year 10
Number of teaching hours per year: 74


New activities
Using commands necessary for managing the class. Walking and running with various pace, performing transition. Familiarity with a range of basic gymnastic forms and exercises with hand apparatuses, application of two or three forms. Using exercises improving posture. Improving students' initial physical condition (especially strength and endurance). Practising the selected running, throwing and jumping techniques in athletics, striving for better measured performance. Connecting elements on selected apparatus in gymnastics, striving for precise execution. Conscious use of learnt technical elements in selected games, knowledge of rules. Practising the technical elements of fighting. Continued swimming in two selected styles. Rhythmic gymnastics.



TOPICS

CONTENTS


Marching

Lining up in various configurations.

Marching and running according to choreography.

Advances and dropping behind.

Changing marching speed and stride.

Marching and running on the spot.

Transition from walking into running and vice versa.

Developing conscious and disciplined student behaviour.




Preparation, groundwork, prevention

Gymnastics (see requirements for Year 9).

Exercises ensuring a biomechanically correct posture.

Gymnastics with music.




Athletics

Special, focussed exercises needed to acquire the various branches of athletics.

Running school, skipping and jumping school, throwing school.

Performing the tasks prescribed for Year 9 with a higher intensity.

More use of apparatuses.
Running
60 to 100 meter fast run.

Practising start, standing and kneeling start, start races.

Running with increasing speed, running at a high speed.

Continuous running.


Jumping

High jump: 3 to 5 step run-up, chosen technique.

Improving execution (technique) with special regard to support, elevation and air work.

High jump competitions.

Long jump: jump with run-up, crouch or a hollow back technique, emphasised drift after take-off.

Long jump competitions.


Throwing

Throwing a small ball: accelerating the ball on a long flight, developing a throwing rhythm with a five step run-up and then with a momentum. Arch forming.

Throwing competitions.

Shot-put: back position with slide-in (males with 4/5 kg, females with 3-4 kg weights).

Developing a pre-suspended position with two-leg support.

Shot putting competitions.




Gymnastics type exercises

Performing the tasks prescribed for Year 9 with a higher intensity (intensity, duration, repetitions).

More frequent and more conscious use of apparatuses.



Gymnastics on the apparatus


Floor exercises

Swing into a momentary headstand, rolling backward into a standing position.

Cartwheel in both directions.

Somersault and cartwheel.

Somersault in the air.

Series of floor exercises including elements learnt in Years 9 and 10.

Males should use gymnastics, females should use rhythmic gymnastics as link between two elements.
Jumping over a box

Male students: lengthways (4-5 pieces) straddle, jump with a squat.

Female students: lengthways (4-5 pieces) jump up into a squatting position, straddle down, crossways (4-5 pieces) with a turn into both directions.
Parallel bars (male students)

Hanging on upper arms.

Basic swing while hanging on upper arms.

Swing while hanging on upper arms, move up into supported straddle.

Swing in supported position, fling down.

Series of exercises including elements learnt in Years 9 and 10.


Rings (males)

Shoulder turn forward.

Swing forward in hanging position

Basic swing in a hanging position.

Swing forward jump off backward in straddle.

Attempts at back scales.

Series of exercises including elements learnt in Years 9 and 10.
Beam (females)

Touch walk, swing walk, triple step.

180 turn while standing on both legs / in squatting position.

Various stands and positions

Jumping up from frontal lateral standing position with leg swing and arrival in lateral straddle on one thigh.

Jumping off, vertical fly with various exercises.

Series of exercises including elements learnt in Years 9 and 10.
Rhythmic gymnastics (females)
Variations on arched and stretched arms.

Tilting the body in various degrees, body arches forward and backward.

Leg lifting, leg swing, turning, running turn on one leg, waltz step.

Moving body weight from one leg to another with a hop.




Games

Performing the tasks prescribed for Year 9 with a higher intensity (intensity, duration, repetitions).

In-class activity must focus on games selected in Year 9.



Handball

Spreading defence in attack by swift passes, shooting tricks, moving to gaps, breaking in with caught ball, shooting a goal.

Penalty throw.

Simple shooting and passing tricks.

Moving with ball.

Shooting with run-up and jump-up.

Trying to move together in defence.



Basketball

Blocking players according to the requirements of Year 9.

Breaking in, running in, developing throws in 1:1 and 2:2 games.

Passes: lower pass with one hand, ball touching the floor once.

Moving with ball and changing direction.

Throwing the ball taken while running through the basket.

Game with distributor and with two baskets.



Soccer

Attack by changing the focal point of attack and with short and long passes.

Changing direction and stopping while moving with the ball with the intention of getting rid of a defender.

Kicking the ball with inner foot.

Changing defenders in case of play off.



Volleyball

Finger and forearm touches.

High pass up with finger touch to peer next to net.

Hitting the ball through the net with a hitting movement from floor and bouncing up, or hitting the ball down from upper position.

Individual block.

Upper or lower serve.

Mini volleyball on a 6x6 m court in teams with 3 members.

Developing accurate attitude.

Playing volleyball.



Outdoor sports

Toboggan, skating, skiing, ice hockey and skills improvement exercises depending on local opportunities and weather.

Orienteering: reading a map.

Skateboard, roller skating etc.




Self-defence and fighting

Fights and games in pairs and in various positions.

Games with tools (stick, medicine ball etc.), competitions.
Wrestling (males)

Grip in kneeling position, bridging, moving opponent from lying position.

Wrestling in pairs.



Swimming

Swimming better in the two styles chosen in Year 9.




Terminology

Pre-suspended position, two-leg support, arched position, forms of execution used in throwing before letting the apparatus go for enhanced performance.




Prerequisites of moving ahead
Exercises with hand apparatus according to instructions, designing and executing individual free exercise, performing exercises improving posture. Maintaining or improving the level of physical condition, improved measurable athletic performance, better technical execution. Performing connected elements on selected apparatus in gymnastics. Active participation in sports games, playing games according to the rules. Active participation in some outdoor sport. Active participation in fighting. 25 m swimming without stops in two styles.

Year 11
Number of teaching hours per year: 74


New activities
Correct application of commands, configurations and marching needed in school events (school events, sports events, gymnastics).

Free exercises and exercises with hand apparatus, collective exercises, exercises on apparatus based on the forms of free exercises (3/4 basic forms, 8/16 phases).

Performing exercises improving posture.

Improving physical condition (strength, endurance and speed) with methods tailored to students' initial condition.

Establishing the level of technique in athletics, improving measurable performance.

Performing a series of exercises consisting of 3 or 4 elements on selected apparatus in gymnastics.

Application of learnt technique and tactics while playing selected games (at least two).

Precise knowledge of rules.

Active participation in outdoor sports.

Practising learnt technique in one to one fight.

Continuous swimming in both selected styles striving for the extension of distance.

A new apparatus for male students in gymnastics is the horizontal bar.

New sports activity: judo for males, aikido for females as a means of self defence.


TOPICS

CONTENTS


Marching

Changing direction while marching in one / two or more columns.

Turning body while marching.

Advance and dropping behind while marching.

March, counter march, cross cutting counter march while walking.



Preparation, groundwork, prevention

According to the requirements of Year 10, however with exercises containing 3 or 4 8 to 16 phased exercises.

Exercises ensuring a biomechanically correct posture.

Gymnastics with music.




Athletics

Special, focussed and skills development exercises needed to acquire the various branches of athletics.


Strengthening exercises

Legs: knee bending, stretching, hopping, jumping up, jumping across with / on apparatus or steps on one or both legs.

Arms: rope-climbing, hanging, ‘roaming’ in hanging position.
Exercises to strengthen the body muscles: using apparatuses and hand apparatuses, exercises to strengthen the abdominal / back and lateral muscles.

Improving speed: striving for speed in the execution of the learnt movements (e.g. throwing, putting)

Start exercises, running against time, climbing up, creeping through etc.

Endurance: intervals to improve strength and speed.

Running at medium pace trying to establish a steady rhythm.

Running parts of a race repeatedly with inserted 100-150m resting periods.

The right proportion of running and walking on long distance, gradually reducing the proportion of walking and running the distance continuously.

It is recommended to establish either distance or time.


Running
60 to 100 meter fast run.

30m races with standing and kneeling start

Running with increasing speed, running at a high speed.
Jumping

High jump: with chosen technique.

Faster elevation, better synchronising of arm and leg movement within the chosen technique.

High jump competitions.

Long jump: with chosen technique.

Estimating the run-up distance on the basis of experience, using a help line.

Better co-ordination of arm and leg movement with take off.

Long jump competitions.


Throwing

Throwing a small ball: with a few steps then with moderate run-up trying to approximate javelin throw.

Throwing competitions.

Shot-put: back position with slide-in, accelerating the weight for the longest possible distance.

Shot putting competitions.



Gymnastics type exercises

Stretching to extend the range of shoulder girdle and hip-joint movement, passive stretching with a partner.

Special strengthening, stretching and focussed gymnastics to ensure the acquisition of certain relatively complicated elements, applying developmental exercises.



Gymnastics on the apparatus


Floor exercises

Rolling back towards headstand from a sitting position.

Finishing.

Swing into a headstand.

Kip, somersault.

Choreography.


Jumping over a box

Male students: lengthways (5 pieces) jump with a squat, somersault.

Female students: crossways (5 pieces) jump across with a squat, lengthways (4 pieces) jump across with a squat, somersault.
Parallel bars (male students)

In supported position: backward swing, swing up to upper arm position.

Backward swing while hanging on upper arms: swing into supported position at the back.

Swing forward in supported position, fling with a 90 turn into standing position.

Choreography.
Horizontal bar

Momentum.

Basic swing pulling up into a support.

Turn backwards.

Low jump.

Connecting known elements.

Choreography.
Rings (males)

Push-pull into support position.

Practising what have been learnt in Year 9.

Choreography.


Beam (females)

Jumping up into a lateral squat.

Waltz step.

Changing legs with a hop.

Turn over head forward.

Running steps.

Choreography.
Rhythmic gymnastics (females)

Arched body in standing position.

Attacking and defending positions.

Galloping.

Triple step with a hop.

Waltz step backwards.

180-360 degree turns.

Simple elements with a hoop and a ball.

Choreography.



Games

Performing the tasks prescribed for Year 10 with a higher intensity (intensity, duration, repetitions).

In-class activity must focus on games selected in Year 9.



Handball

Broad line attack with attackers keeping their place.

Breaking into blank areas left undefended by defender breaking off the defence line.

Shooting a goal with an upward jump from moving with ball or with caught ball.




Basketball

Blocking players according to the technique learnt in Year 9.

Blocking players loosely and closely.

2:2. 3:3 games, passing, leading the ball and throwing against defender.

Tempo throw.

Playing with one or two baskets.




Soccer

Topping ball bouncing up from the ground with the inner part of the foot in stationary and moving position.

Pulling the ball away from a player running for the ball, in a stationary position.

Playing on a small field.




Volleyball

Hitting the ball down without blocking and with double blocking.

Warding off smash with forearm touch.

Mini volleyball according to Year 10.

Playing games by observing rules, trying to move constantly in attack and defence alike.



Outdoor sports

See Year 10.




Self-defence and fighting

Bridging without arm support, turning in bridge, arriving in bridge, getting out of bridge by means of various exercises.



Wrestling

Applying the elements learnt in Year 10, continuous wrestling.


Judo

Basic exercises: falling, rolling.




Swimming

Selecting and practising a new style in addition to the familiar two styles.




Terminology

Horizontal bars as a new apparatus and exercises on horizontal bars:

pulling oneself up and turning.

Judo as a defence sport.





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