Name _____________________ World History I Period ___________
Founding of Rome
Like most events in the distant past, the founding of Rome remains hidden in layers of myth. The generally accepted, though certainly mythological story is of Romulus and Remus. Read the story and answer the questions below. A princess named Rhea Sylvia had 2 twin boys with Mars, the god of war. A jealous uncle who had stolen the throne from her father ordered her twins to be drowned in the river.
But a servant took pity on the boys, put them in a basket and let them float down the river, hoping someone would find and care for them.
Down the river they floated until they came to rest at the foot of a hill. There a wolf found the crying orphans and cared for them.
Later, a shepherd found the children and took them home to raise as his own. He named them Romulus and Remus.
Years later, the two brothers decided to build a city. This would be a city where others who were homeless, as they once were, could come to live. But the brothers argued over where to build the city. One night Romulus and Remus agreed to watch for an omen, a sign from the gods, to settle their argument.
At dawn, Remus saw six vultures flying overhead. However, as the sun rose higher in the sky,
Romulus saw 12 vultures. The brothers quarreled and began fighting over the meaning of the vultures in the sky, and in a rage, Romulus killed Remus.
Romulus then began to build his city on the spot he had chosen-the hill where the tiny basket containing the two babies had come to rest years before. He named his new city after himself- Rome. According to this legend, the date was 753 B.C. and Romulus was the first of seven kings. He was believed to be a great warrior-king and started Rome’s first army and its first government.
Summarize this story of the founding of Rome.
Why do you think Romans would like this version of their history?