Foundations-600 ce major Developments

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Foundations-600 CE

Major Developments:

  1. Locating world history in the environment and time

    1. Environment

      1. Interaction of geography and climate with the development of human society.

      2. The environment as historical actor

      3. Demography; Major population changes resulting from human and environmental factors.

    1. Time

      1. Periodization in early human history

      2. Nature and causes of changes associated with the time span.

      3. Continuities and breaks within the time span.

    2. Diverse Interpretations

      1. What are the issues involved in using “civilization” as an organizing principle in world history?

      2. What is the most common source of change: connection or diffusion versus independent invention?

      3. What was the effect of the Neolithic Revolution on gender relations?

  1. Developing agriculture and technology

    1. Agricultural, pastoral, and foraging societies, and their demographic characteristics (include Africa, Americas, Asia, & Europe)

    2. Emergence of agriculture and technological change

    3. Nature of village settlements

    4. Impact of agriculture on the environment

    5. Introduction of key stages of metal use

  2. Basic features of early civilizations in different environments: culture, state, and social structure.

    1. Mesopotamia

    2. Egypt

    3. Indus River Valley

    4. Shang

    5. Mesoamerica and Andean South America

(Students should be able to compare two of the early civilizations)

  1. Classical Civilizations

    1. Major political developments in China, India, and the Mediterranean

    2. Social and gender structures

    3. Major trading patterns within and among Classical civilizations; contacts with adjacent regions.

    4. Arts, sciences, and technology

  2. Basic features of major world belief systems prior to 600 CE and where each belief system applied by 600 CE

    1. Polytheism

    2. Hinduism

    3. Judaism

    4. Confucianism

    5. Daoism

    6. Buddhism

    7. Christianity

    8. Judaism

  3. Late Classical Period (200-600 CE)

    1. Collapse of empires (Han China, loss of western portion of the Roman Empire, Gupta)

    2. Movements of peoples (Huns, Germans)

    3. Interregional networks by 600 CE

Major Comparisons & Snapshots

  • Comparisons of the major religious and philosophical systems including some underlying similarities in cementing a social hierarchy.

  • Compare the role of women in different belief systems—Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, and Hinduism

  • Understand how and why the collapse of empire was more severe in ewestern Europe than it was I the eastern Mediterranean or in China

  • Compare the caste system to other systems of social inequality devised by early and classical civilizations, including slavery

  • Compare societies and cultures that include cities with pastoral and nomadic societies

  • Compare the development of tradition and institutions in major civilizations (Indian, Chinese, Greek/Roman)

  • Describe interregional trading systems (Silk Road)

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