Forming a New Nation


Chapter 3: The Union in Crisis



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Chapter 3: The Union in Crisis


  1. What was the Rush-Bagot Agreement of 1817? AND Between which two countries? (3 points)

  2. To whom did Florida belong to in the early 19th century? (1 point)

  3. When and how did Florida become a U.S. territory? (5 points)

  4. Explain how the revolutions in South America against Spain, as well as the end of the Napoleonic wars in Europe affected the foreign policy of the United States. (7 points)

  5. What international events led to the Monroe Doctrine? (3 points)

  6. Define the Monroe Doctrine. (4 points)

  7. Describe the significance of the Monroe Doctrine. (8 points)

  8. Explain the following statement: The Monroe Doctrine was a product of United States nationalism. (3 points)

  9. How many political parties were there in 1824? (1 point)

  10. Who ran for President in 1824? (4 points

  11. Describe the circumstances of “the corrupt bargain” of the election of 1824. (5 points)

  12. What effects did the corrupt bargain have on John Q. Adams’ presidency? (3 points)

  13. What were President John Q. Adams’ policies AND how did they affect the South and the West? (7 points)

  14. What two political parties emerged during the election of 1828? (2 points)

  15. What did the two new political parties stand for? (6 points)

  16. Who made up the party base of each of the two new political parties? (5 points)

  17. What was the main reason President John Q. Adams was unpopular with the Democratic-Republicans? (1 point)

  18. What was the main reason Andrew Jackson was unpopular with the National-Republicans? (1 point)

  19. Define the term “mudslinging.” (1 point)

  20. What election practices were used in the election of 1828 election campaign that are still in use today? (4 points)

  21. Who won the presidency in 1828? (1 point)

22) What is the “Age of Jackson?” (1 point)

23) What was President Andrew Jackson’s attitude toward Native Americans? (1 point)



  1. Describe the reason for the Indian Removal Act of 1830, as well as the Act itself. (4 points)

  2. What was the Trail of Tears? (1 point)

  3. Describe the background of President Andrew Jackson AND explain how it affected his politics.

  4. How did President Jackson broaden democracy in the U.S. (3 changes)? How did President Jackson expand suffrage?

  5. Define the spoils system.

  6. What was – and still is -- the significance of nominating conventions for the office of President?

  7. Describe the circumstances of The Nullification Crisis.

  8. How was The Nullification Crisis resolved AND what was the crisis’ significance?

  9. How did President Jackson cater to settlers AND how did his actions affect the Native Americans?

  10. Describe the Indian Removal Act of 1830. What did it lead to?

  11. Briefly describe the Trail of Tears.

  12. Why was President Jackson called “King Andrew” by the Whigs?

  13. What was the national atmosphere that made the 2nd Great Awakening possible in the U.S.?

  14. What are deism and unitarianism?

  15. How did the Mormon faith emerge?

  16. Why did the Mormons antagonize Protestant Americans?

  17. When and why did the Mormons settle down in Utah?

  18. How did Christians react to the emergence of new faiths?

  19. What reforms/movements resulted from the 2nd Great Awakening?

  20. What were the roles of women in the 2nd Great Awakening and the movements that followed it?

  21. Why was public education first opposed by, then, supported by the public?

  22. What was the reasoning behind the exclusion of women from higher education in 19th century U.S.?

  23. How did some female reformers try to resolve the exclusion of women from higher education?

  24. What is temperance?

  25. Describe the reasons for the emergence of the temperance movement in the 1800s.

  26. What were the two major lines of attack of the temperance movement on alcohol?

  27. Describe how American women were perceived by men in 19th-century America.

  28. Name at least three leaders of the 19th century American women’s rights movement.

  29. What were the goals of the Seneca Falls Convention and when did it take place?

  30. Why is each of the following individuals significant: Joseph Smith, Brigham Young, Noah Webster, Mary Lyon, Dorothea Dix, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.



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