Focus: Upon leaving Mexico, Porfirio Díaz stated, “Madero has unleashed a tiger. Now let’s see if he can control it.” What do you think he meant by that statement? Student Objectives



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7th Grade Social Studies

Canada, Mexico, & U.S. History from the Revolution to Reconstruction

Class 30— Mexican Revolution Continued

October 12, 2015
Focus: Upon leaving Mexico, Porfirio Díaz stated, “Madero has unleashed a tiger. Now let’s see if he can control it.” What do you think he meant by that statement?

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Student Objectives:

1. I will analyze the impact the Revolution had on Mexico.

2. I will analyze the Constitution of 1917.

3. I will analyze Mexico under the Sonoran Triangle.


Homework:

-Current Events

-Read and outline chapter 3, Section 2, pgs. 30-31 (due 10/13)

-Read and outline Chapter 3, Section 3, pgs. 32 (due 10/14)

-Read and outline Chapter 3, Section 4, pgs.33 (due 10/15)

-Read and outline Chapter 3, Section 5, pgs. 34-35 (due 10/19)

-Chapter 3 Test Tuesday 10/20
Handouts:

Article 27


I. Impact

  1. Death totals

II. Constitution of 1917

  1. Article 27

  2. Article 123

III. Sonoran Triangle
Key terms/ideas/ people/places:

Constitution of 1917 Article 27 Article 123 Zimmerman Telegram



Dedazo Alvaro Obregón Plutarco Calles Adolfo de la Huerta

By the end of class today, I will be able to answer the following:

What was article 27 supposed to do?

Why would the U.S. be upset with the Zimmerman Telegram?

What groups were getting upset at the reforms?

Why was Benito Juárez so important to Mexican history?

Article 27:

The property of all land and water within national territory is originally owned by the Nation, who has the right to transfer this ownership to particulars. Hence, private property is a privilege created by the Nation.

Expropriations may only be made when there is a public utility cause.

The State will always have the right to impose on private property constraints dictated by "public interest". The State will also regulate the exploitation of natural resources based on social benefits and the equal distribution of wealth. The state is also responsible for conservation and ecological considerations.

All natural resources in national territory are property of the nation, and private exploitation may only be carried out through concessions.

Foreign citizens cannot own land within 100 km of the borders or 50 km of the sea; however, foreigners can have a beneficial interest in such land through a trust (fideicomiso), where the legal ownership of the land is held by a Mexican financial institution. The only precondition sine qua non to granting such a beneficial interest is that the foreigner agree that all matters relating to such land are the exclusive domain of Mexican courts and Mexican jurisdiction, and that in all issues pertaining to such land, the foreigner will conduct him or herself as a Mexican, and settle any issues arising from their interest in such land exclusively through Mexican courts and institutions. The stipulated consequence of a failure to abide by these terms is forfeiture to the nation of their interests in all lands where the foreigner has such beneficial interests.

That an area of land next to the coast (20 meters from the highest tide line) is federal property which cannot be sold to particulars.


Notes

Class 30— Mexican Revolution Continued

October 12, 2015



Impact of Fiesta of Bullets

  • 1.5-2 million dead-10% of population

    • 1 million fewer Mexicans in 1920

  • Captured soldiers were executed

  • Infrastructure destroyed

  • Horror stories of violence-hanging from trees, hands/legs cut off

Constitution of 1917-first in entire world that contained social agenda:



  • Secular society-Church tends to souls, not play political role

  • Article 27

    • Land and subsoil belongs to Mexican nation, for use by foreigners only by application to federal gov’t

    • Land reform for landless

    • Expropriate (nationalize) private property

      • Domestic, foreign, urban, rural

    • Must be compensated-not communism but big government

  • Article 123

    • 8 hour work day

    • 6 day work week

    • Abolished debt peonage

    • Minimum wage

Zimmerman Telegram-talk of a German-Mexican Alliance in which Mexico could get back some of the territory it lost from the Mexican-American War


Sonoran Triangle

  • Adolfo de la Huerta

  • Alvaro Obregón

  • Plutarco Calles

  • Precedent established-dedazo-finger point-outgoing president choosing his successor

    • Practice lasts for the 20th century

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7th Grade Social Studies

Canada, Mexico, & U.S. History from the Revolution to Reconstruction

Class 31— Lázaro Cárdenas & Mexican Miracle

October 13, 2015
Focus: What was Article 27 of the Mexican Constitution supposed to do? Do you think that happened? Why or why not?

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Student Objectives:

1. I will analyze the presidency of Lázaro Cárdenas.

2. I will analyze the “Mexican Miracle.”
Homework:

-Current Events

-Read and outline Chapter 3, Section 3, pgs. 32 (due 10/14)

-Read and outline Chapter 3, Section 4, pgs.33 (due 10/15)

-Read and outline Chapter 3, Section 5, pgs. 34-35 (due 10/19)

-Chapter 3 Test Tuesday 10/20


Handouts:

None
I. Lázaro Cárdenas

A. Land expropriation

B. Oil


II. Mexican Miracle
Key terms/ideas/ people/places:

Lázaro Cárdenas Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX)
By the end of class today, I will be able to answer the following:

Why was Lázaro Cárdenas a social revolutionary?

Why did the U.S. do very little when some of the land and oil was taken?

Who were the rurales and what function did they perform?

What issues exist because of maquiladoras?

What is GNP and GDP?
Notes

Class 31— Lázaro Cárdenas & Mexican Miracle

October 13, 2015
Lázaro Cárdenas


  • President1935-1940

  • Carried out Article 27 to its fulles

  • social revolutionary

  • demise of the traditional hacienda system

  • redistributed 50 million acres of land (5-6 million U.S. acres)

  • destroyed the landed elite

  • created low interest loans for the poor

  • 1938 nationalized the entire oil industry in Mexico

    • signed an order that expropriated the assets of nearly all of the foreign oil companies operating in Mexico

    • created Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), a state-owned firm that held a monopoly over the Mexican oil industry, and barred all foreign oil companies from operating in Mexico

WW II

  • Bracero Program-immigrant labor program-sign contract to work and then return home-farms, RR, factories

  • Mexico exported more than they imported-create a cash reserve for industrialization and reduced competition

  • set the stage for the 1950s and 1960s or the “Mexican Miracle”

“Mexican Miracle”



  • the GDP and the GNP both increase at 10% for two straight decades

    • -Gross National Product(GNP) measures the output generated by a country's enterprises (whether physically located domestically or abroad)

    • -Gross Domestic Product (GDP) measures the total output produced within a country's borders - whether produced by that country's own local firms or by foreign firms

  • The Mexican middle class continues to grow

  • the lower class doesn’t really benefit…usual problems with urbanization.

Maquiladoras



  • Partial assembly plants in Mexico but close to U.S. border

  • Example-Cuidad Juárez-just across border from El Paso

  • Looking for cheaper labor

    • GM

    • Coca-Cola-part of Americanization-Mexico is ranked 1st or 2nd in most soft drinks consumed a year

    • Ford

____________________________________

7th Grade Social Studies

Canada, Mexico, & U.S. History from the Revolution to Reconstruction

Class 32— PRI

October 14, 2015


Focus: Would the practice of dedazo be a positive or a negative? Explain.

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Student Objectives:

1. I will analyze the dominant political party of Mexico known as the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (Institutional Revolutionary Party) or the PRI.


Homework:

-Current Events

-Read and outline Chapter 3, Section 4, pgs.33 (due 10/15)

-Read and outline Chapter 3, Section 5, pgs. 34-35 (due 10/19)

-Chapter 3 Test Tuesday 10/20
Handouts:

None
I. Orgins of PRI

II. The PAN


  1. 2000-2012

  2. Election of 2012


Key terms/ideas/ people/places:

Dedazo Revolucionario Institucional (Institutional Revolutionary Party) PRI

PAN Partido Acción Nacional (National Action Party) Vicente Fox Felipe Calderón

Enrique Peña Nieto


By the end of class today, I will be able to answer the following:

Who became the first member of the PAN to become president of Mexico?

How many years did the PRI dominate Mexican politics?

What accusations were reported about Enrique Peña Nieto and his election?
Notes

Class 32— PRI

October 14, 2015
The PRI will rule Mexico, under various names from 1929-2000-71 years. That makes it the second longest ruling party in the world behind the communist party in the USSR.
PRI embraces both capitalistic and communistic ideas. Mexico likes the capitalistic economies of the west but also liked to have the state play a role in industrialization.
The PRI was a very heavy handed political party and it dominated national, local, and state politics. Between 1946-1988 it was an automatic win for the PRI. In fact, the biggest event was unveiling the next presidential candidate-dedazo.
PAN or Partido Acción Nacional or National Action Party-rival party to PRI
The PRI’s dominance finally comes to an end on July 2, 2000 with the election of Vicente Fox. This ended the PRI’s 71 year long dominance.
The PAN won again in 2006 with the election of Felipe Calderón.
Mexico had a recent election in 2012. This time the PRI regained power…the new president is Enrique Peña Nieto.
Yo Soy 132.
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7th Grade Social Studies

Canada, Mexico, & U.S. History from the Revolution to Reconstruction

Class 33—NAFTA

October 15, 2015
Focus: What three countries do you think are part of NAFTA? Why would these countries make a deal to allow free trade?

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Student Objectives:

1. I will analyze the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).


Homework:

-Current Events

-Read and outline Chapter 3, Section 5, pgs. 34-35 (due 10/19)

-Chapter 3 Test Tuesday 10/20


Handouts:

none
I. NAFTA



  1. Defined

  2. Positives

  3. Negatives


Key terms/ideas/ people/places:

Globalization NAFTA maquiladoras Article 27

U.S Mexico Canada Bill Clinton


By the end of class today, I will be able to answer the following:

What is globalization?

What is life like for Mexican workers in and around maquiladoras?

Notes

Class 33—NAFTA

October 15, 2015

Globalization-the process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture


NAFTA

  • implemented in 1994

  • bound the U.S., Canada, and Mexico together in a trade pact that abolished tariff barriers and protectionist legislation.

  • boost trade with the U.S. and Canada and bring more jobs to Mexico-think maquiladoras

    • the minimum wage in 1994 was less than $3 in Mexico

  • The border region does see a boom in the first decade

  • maquiladoras along the border by year:

    • 1960-120

    • 1990-1,800

    • 2010- 3,000




  • forced Mexico to revise Article 27

  • The Northern part of Mexico boomed because of NAFTA but the other portions of the country did not see nearly the positive impact



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