Focus: Place the following events in the correct chronological order from first to last: Father Hidalgo executed, grito de Dolores, Plan de Iguala, Agustìn de Iturbide becomes emperor of Mexico, José Morelos is executed, Vicente Guerrero leads the



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Student Objectives:

1. I will analyze why Mexico lost Texas.


Homework:

1. Current Events due Monday 9/30

2. Independence/Post-Independence/French Intervention/Juarez/Porfiriato Test Friday 10/4
Handouts:

None
I. Americans in Texas

A. Regulations

B. Reasons Texas are upset

II. Battles


  1. Alamo

  2. Goliad

  3. San Jacinto


Key terms/ideas/ people/places:

Moses and Stephen Austin Santa Anna Lone Star Republic Alamo

Goliad San Jacinto


By the end of class today, I will be able to answer the following:

Who were Moses and Stephen Austin?

Why did Mexico invite Americans into Texas?

Where was Santa Anna captured?

What did Mexicans do to upset Texans?

Notes

Class 22—Texas Independence

September 25, 2013

1836-Santa Anna-abolish the Constitution of 1824 and create the new Constitution of 1836



  • much more centralist

  • states were downgraded to departments run by a governor appointed by the central government

For Mexico, Texas was a distant frontier. In the year 1800, Texas only had about 7,000 people living in the area. Mexico gave permission to Moses Austin, and later his son Stephen Austin, to settle 300 American families in Texas as long as they met the following criteria:


Land in Texas was almost free-it was only ten cents an acre compared to $1.25 in the U.S. The idea did work as by 1835, Mexico had 30,000 people but only 7,800 of those were Mexican. Well it didn’t take long for tension to mount as the Americans did not follow the Catholic faith and more than a number were actually fugitives.


Why do the Texans start to get angry and move towards independence?

  • 1829-Mexico abolished slavery

  • 1830-Mexico closed all immigration from the United States

  • 1835-Santa Anna annulled the Constitution of 1824-more centralist means less voice for Texans

Santa Anna once again takes up arms and wins victories at the Alamo and Goliad. However, he is caught off guard by Sam Houston at San Jacinto and loses a decisive victory. Two days later he is captured and signs a treaty. Santa Anna was able to escape initially at San Jacinto as he was disguised as a common soldier. When he captured he was dirty and wet and was dressed as a common soldier. The search party did not recognize him until he was addressed as "el presidente" by other Mexican prisoners.


Texas was an independent nation, the Lone Star Republic from 1836-1845. Mexico should have easily been able to re-take Texas but Mexico was so racked with internal issues it could never get Texas back.

____________________________________

7th Grade Social Studies

Mexico & U.S. History from the Revolution to Reconstruction Class 23—Mexico-American War

September 26, 2013
Focus: Read the article on the back of this paper. Then answer this question: Should the Americans give it back? Why or why not?

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