The basic roots of the game can be traced back to styles of both soccer and rugby being played in England as early as 1820. At about the same time, students at Princeton University. (New Jersey) were participating in contests resembling the combination of the above, referring to their
Interpretation of the games as “ball own.” In 1867 Princeton students established the first set of known rules for the American style of play, and the size and shape of the ball became more consistent. On November 6, 1869 the first organized game between different institutions was played, featuring Princeton and their rival Rutgers.The original number of players of 15 per side was reduced to 11 by Walter Camp (Head Coach at Yale University). He is also responsible for
establishing a system of “downs” and the distance to advance the ball at ten yards. The forward pass became legal in 1905. President Theodore Roosevelt, in 1906, called upon Harvard, Yale and Princeton to solidify the future of the game. More than 60 universities sent representation and formed the original National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) at that time. Other than equipment, facilities, and the size, strength and speed of the participants, the game has remained relatively unchanged for nearly 100 years. Football is the most popular sport in the United Staes.
1. To start the game, the ball is kicked off (from the ground), from one end of the field to the other. This is also done by thescoring team after each ensuing score.
2. The team with the ball “offense” now has four chances (downs) to move the ball 10 yards for a 1st down.
3. When a team scores, they automatically go for their extra point. Either a one point kick or two point conversion.
4. The defense may not push or grab an offensive player.
5. Crossing the line of scrimmage before the ball is hiked will result in an off-side.
6. The ball is then snapped (hiked) to the QB standing behind the center.
7. You may run or pass every down.
8. If a defensive player “interferes” with an offensive players’ chance to catch a ball, it is a penalty. (H.S. is 15 yards)
1. To start the game, the ball is kicked off, using a punt or a kickoff,10 large strides from the sideline.
This is also done by the scoring team after each ensuing score.
2. Four down to get a 1st down. A 1st down is the middle cone.
3. When a team scores, scoring team will take 5 large strides from the goal line and get 1
attempt to score 1 additional point.
4. The defense may not push or grab an offensive player and may only touch a player
o Guard – the player who protects the quarterback – they play on either side of center
o End – the players who are on either end of the line – can be lineman or receivers
o Linemen - The front players on defense (defense tackles and ends).
o Linebackers - stand back from the main line of scrimmage, which gives them an advantage of sorts – they get to seewhat the offense is up to once the ball is in motion.
o Defensive backs - The players on the defensive team who take positions somewhat back from the line of scrimmage.Generally defensive backs are classified into several different specialized positions: cornerbacks or safety.
Touchdown = 6 points
Field Goal = 3 point
Run/Pass Conversion = 2 points
Field Goal Conversion = 1 point
Safety = 2 points
Blocking - act of protecting your ball carrier or quarterback by getting in the way of the defender.
Kickoff – kicking the ball from the ground or a tee
Lateral pass - A pass that is thrown to a player behind you. This pass can be thrown from
anywhere on the field as long as it is not to someone in front of you.
Line of scrimmage (L.O.S)- imaginary line passing through the end of the ball nearer teams goalline and parallel with the goal line that divides the offensive and defensive teams before the snap of the ball.
Off sides – crossing the L.O.S. pre-maturely (prior to the snap)
Offense - team putting the ball in play.
Penalties - an act that is against the rules and results in loss of down or down over in flag football. All penalties in flag football are included to reduce injuries in class. Diving for flags is not permitted for that purpose. Double penalties offset each other resulting in a down over.
Punt – kicking the ball (4th down) by dropping the ball from your own hands
Safety - pulling the flag of an offensive player behind their own goal line scoring 2 pts.
Snap – to hike the ball, onset of each new play
Touchback - a ball caught in your own end zone from a kickoff, interception or punt that is downed.