First 10 Amendments to the Constitution I amending the Constitution (review)



Download 39.63 Kb.
Date21.05.2021
Size39.63 Kb.

First 10 Amendments to the Constitution
I Amending the Constitution (review)

- Any change in the Constitution is called an amendment.

- Article V of the Constitution explains the two steps in the amendment process:

(1) may be proposed in either of two ways (a) vote of two-thirds of the members of both houses

of Congress

(b) by a national convention

(2) two-thirds of the state legislatures must request a national convention (such a

convention has never been called).
A) Ratifying Amendments (review)

- Once an amendment has been proposed, three-fourths of the states must ratify it.

- The states have two ways to ratify an amendment:

(1) either by a vote in each state legislature or (2) by calling special state conventions
*Since 1789, 9,000 amendments have been proposed, but ONLY 27 have been RATIFIED!!
** Since the early 1900s, Congress has called for a SEVEN-YEAR TIME LIMIT.

- If three-fourths of the states have not approved an amendment by then, it DIES.

- Congress, however, CAN EXTEND this TIME LIMIT!!
II Bill of Rights

- The FIRST 10 AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION ARE KNOWN AS THE BILL OF



RIGHTS!
A) First Amendment

- The BEST KNOWN and MOST CHERISHED

- It PROTECTS FIVE BASIC FREEDOMS that are ESSENTIAL to the AMERICAN WAY of

LIFE: freedom of (1) religion, (2) speech, (3) the press, (4) assembly, & (5) to petition

the govt.


B) Second Amendment


- GUARANTEES AMERICANS the RIGHT to SERVE in a STATE Militia & to BEAR ARMS.
C) Third Amendment

- LIMITS the POWER of the NATIONAL GOVT. to FORCE AMERICANS to QUARTER

(house) SOLDIERS.

- In peacetime, soldiers MAY NOT move into private homes w/out consent from the owner.

- In times of war, the practice is ALO PROHIBITED UNLESS PEOPLE are requested to do so

by law.

D) Fourth Amendment (sometimes called the PRIVACY AMENDMENT)


- PROTECTS AMERICANS AGAINST UNREASONABLE SEARCHES and SEIZURES (coming

into/onto their private property, searching, and/or taking something w/out a reasonable and

lawful reason to do so).

E) Fifth Amendment


(1) - NO ONE CAN BE PUT ON TRIAL W/OUT FIRST BEING INDICTED (formally

accused), by a GROUP of CITIZENS called a GRAND JURY.
(2) - This also protects people from DOUBLE JEOPARDY: being accused of the same

crime twice (example – if you are set up by someone and go to prison for him/her, get

out, find out he/she is still alive, and kill him/her for real), OR accused of a crime &



judged NOT GUILTY MAY NOT BE PUT ON TRIAL AGAIN FOR THE SAME CRIME!

(3) PROTECTSAN ACCUSED PERSON’S RIGHT TO REMAIN SILENT: YOU CANNOT BE

FORCED TO TESTIFY AGAINST YOURSELF (or your spouse)!
(4) NO ONE CAN BE DENIED LIFE, LIBERTY, or PROPERTY W/OUT DUE PROCESS OF

LAW (following procedures established by law and guaranteed by the Constitution).
(5) PROTECTS A PERSON’S PROPERTY RIGHTS: LIMITS THE GOVT.’S POWER OF

EMINENT DOMAIN (the right of govt. to take private property – usually land – for

public use).


F) Sixth Amendment


-This guarantees additional rights to people accused of crimes.

(1) They MUST be told the EXACT nature of the charges AGAINST THEM.

(2) Trial by jury.(ALTHOUGH one may ask for a trial with a JUDGE only)

G) Seventh Amendment


- Guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil cases if the amount of money involved is more than

$20.00.
H) Eighth Amendment

(1) It forbids excessive bail (that is an amount that is much too high).
(2) It also forbids CRUEL and/or UNUSUAL punishment (It is generally agreed that it means that

punishment should be in proportion to the crime committed).


I) Ninth Amendment

- The rights spelled out in the constitution are NOT the only rights of American people.
J) Tenth Amendment

- This is a reminder of what the Constitution DOES NOT say.

- Under the 10th Amendment, ANY POWERS the CONSTITUTION DOES NOT SPECIFICALLY

GIVE to the NATIONAL GOVT. are RESERVED for the STATES or for the PEOPLE.


Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page