- Any change in the Constitution is called an amendment.
- Article V of the Constitution explains the two steps in the amendment process:
(1)may be proposed in either of two ways(a)vote of two-thirds of the members of both houses
(b) by a national convention
(2)two-thirds of the state legislatures must request a national convention (such a
convention has never been called).
A) Ratifying Amendments (review)
- Once an amendment has been proposed, three-fourths of the states must ratify it.
- The states have two ways to ratify an amendment:
(1) either by a vote in each state legislature or (2) by calling special state conventions *Since 1789, 9,000 amendments have been proposed, but ONLY 27 have been RATIFIED!! ** Since the early 1900s, Congress has called for a SEVEN-YEAR TIME LIMIT.
- If three-fourths of the states have not approved an amendment by then, it DIES.
- Congress, however, CAN EXTEND this TIME LIMIT!!
II Bill of Rights