Final: World Civilization, Chapters 1-9

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Final: World Civilization, Chapters 1-9

Chapter 1

  1. -Which Greek city-state was a feared warrior society?

  2. -Which Greek city-state would become known for its emerging democracy and democratic ideals?

  3. -How did the government of the ancient city of Athens evolve?

  4. -What was the "legacy" of Alexander the Great?

  5. -Who was the Macedonian who would ultimately control all of Greece, Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan,

  6. -Pakistan, Egypt, and Tunisia, and was known for creating the "Hellenistic" civilization?

  7. -Who were the three, well-known Greek philosophers, who made an impact in ancient

  8. -Greece as well as modern Democratic ideals, which are still used (and taught), today.

  9. -What wars brought an end to Carthaginian rule in North Africa against the Roman army?

  10. -Which Roman leader completed the conquest of Gaul (France)?

  11. -Who was the Roman general who led his army against Rome and would ultimately become dictator before being assassinated by the Roman Senate?

  12. -Who was the Roman leader who brought about a period known as Pax Romana, after years of civil war (and the death of Julius Caesar)?

  13. -Who led the Israelites out of bondage in Egypt?

  14. -The Israelites were monotheistic, meaning they believed in-

  15. -As a Jew (or Christian or Muslim), what "Ten" laws is one expected to follow (if not as a law but perhaps as a guide in life)?

  16. -What are the first five books of the Torah?

  17. -The ancient areas of the Middle East known as Palestine and Canaan are today (present day) known as-

  18. -Why did the Israelites view themselves as God's "chosen people"?

  19. -Who was the "King of the Jews", born to Mary and Joseph, who would ultimately create a new religion known as Christianity?

  20. -Which of the following texts are included in the life and times of Jesus Christ and are included in the New Testament?

  21. -In the year 1054, what happened to the early Christian Church?

  22. -Who was the energetic and well-educated English King who reformed English customs into law, which would later become the foundation for English Common Law?

  23. -Who was the English monarch (king) who was forced to sign the Magna Carta (the Great Charter), limiting his power as King of England?

  24. -Which English monarch was forced to accept the Petition of Right, which prohibited any English king from raising taxes without the consent of the English Parliament?

  25. -Who was the English General who led forces and ultimately defeated the King's forces of Charles I?

  26. -What was the effect of the execution of Charles I on future English rulers and all other absolute rulers in Europe?

  27. -Before they could be crowned as rulers of England, William III and Mary had to-

  28. -What was the effect of the Glorious Revolution and Bill of Rights on England?

Chapter 2

  1. -Who was the writer who felt that man was "mean, evil, and brutish" and as such should enter into a social contract which limited personal freedoms for an organized society?

  2. -The English philosopher John Locke argued that life, liberty, and property are-

  3. -How did Jean-Jacques Rousseau's beliefs differ from many Enlightenment thinkers?

  4. -Which phrase best describes the concept of natural law?

  5. -According to laissez-faire economist Adam Smith, a government should-

  6. -"My trade is to say what I think." Who said this?

  7. -What event revolutionized thinking and led to the Enlightenment?

  8. -Which book is Mary Wollstonecraft known for?

  9. -Which group of people did Montesquieu's ideas (separation of powers) affect most?

  10. -What was one way Enlightenment ideas were spread throughout the city of Paris amongst the bourgeoisie and nobility?

  11. -Governments used __________ to protect themselves from the attacks of Enlightenment thinkers.

  12. -__________ toyed with implementing

  13. Enlightenment ideas while ruling Russia.

  14. -Who was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence?

  15. -Who was the principal author of the Constitution?

  16. -Which phrase best describes the principle of popular sovereignty?

  17. -Why did the American colonists resent British rule?

  18. -Why was the American victory in the 1777 Battle of Saratoga significant?

  19. -Where did the British war effort finally collapse?

Chapter 3

  1. -Based on the French cartoon (seen above), what can be stated about the state of France at the start of the French Revolution in 1789?

  2. -Who was the King of France at the start of the French Revolution?

  3. -Who was the French finance minister who proposed economic reforms which included that

  4. ALL citizens pay taxes though was fired by the French king after pressure was brought to bear by French nobility?

  5. -The economic crisis in France was caused by-

  6. -Why did women, marching in a rainstorm, descend on Versailles and demand to speak to Louis XVI?

  7. -What is the significance of the date, July 14, to the people of France, even today?

  8. -What kind of govt. did the Constitution of 1791 set up?

  9. -How did European monarchs and nobles feel about the French Revolution?

  10. -Who were the European monarchs who issued the "Declaration of Pilnitz", which threatened to intervene in France?

  11. -Who was the "Hero of Two Worlds" who would lead the French National Guard as the French Revolution began?

  12. -How were sans-culottes different from Jacobins?

  13. -How important was the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (French Constitution) important to the people of France?

  14. -To deal with the threats to France, the "Convention" created-

  15. -Who were the two leading members of the Committee of Public Safety?

  16. -What instrument of death (and became the symbol)(see cartoon above), was often used in Paris during the Reign of Terror period during the French Revolution?

  17. -Based on the cartoon (see cartoon above), what people do the rats represent, and who are they chasing?

  18. -Which of the following helped Napoleon rise to power?

  19. -A disastrous attempt to invade which country was the beginning of Napoleon’s downfall?

  20. -Which battle proved to be the final defeat for Napoleon?

  21. -Where was Napoleon finally exiled to after his military defeat and where he ultimately passed away?

Chapter 4/7

  1. -The Congress of Vienna was a victory for-

  2. Liberals generally believed in-

  3. -Serbian authority was supported by-

  4. -Latin American creoles were inspired by the ideals of-

  5. -What effect did Napoleon's invasion of Spain have on Latin America?

  6. -Which nation did Toussaint L'Ouverture lead to independence?

  7. -What led to a widespread drive for independence in South America?

  8. -Which country became independent as a result of the 1830 revolutions?

  9. -Why was the German empire not a democracy?

  10. -What ended Bismarck's career as a chancellor?

  11. -By what nickname was the Ottoman empire known?

  12. -What attitude did European powers have toward the Ottoman empire?

  13. -Who was the Italian Prime Minister who led the drive for unification in Northern Italy?

  14. -Who was the leader of the Red Shirt nationalist movement in Southern Italy?

Chapter 5/6

  1. -Charles Townshend & Jethro Tull were-

  2. -The Industrial Revolution began in-

  3. -For what two reasons did the Industrial Revolution begin in Britain?

  4. -What is one way improved agriculture contributed to population growth?

  5. -The flying shuttle and spinning jenny were technological advances in-

  6. -In transportation, steam power was used to operate-

  7. -One positive effect of the Industrial Revolution was-

  8. -Why did factory owners prefer to hire women?

  9. industrialize was-

  10. -Two goals of communism were to-

  11. -A pioneer of hospital care, safety, and hygiene was-

  12. -To explain the long, slow process of evolution Charles Darwin proposed the theory of-

  13. -What did some critics of women's suffrage claim?

  14. -Labor laws were passed in several countries to-

  15. -How did workers respond to harsh conditions of industrial life?

Chapter 9

  1. -At the end of the 1800s, colonies were generally seen as a

  2. -Both the French and the British were interested in controlling Egypt in the mid 19th century because Egypt had

  3. -In the late nineteenth century, the British commonly referred to the Suez Canal in Egypt as the “Lifeline of the Empire” because it

  4. which part of Africa did France have most of its colonies?

  5. -which part of Africa did Britain have most of its colonies?

  6. -Throughout the 1900s, an increased need for

both raw materials and new markets for manufactured goods led various European nations to pursue policies of

  1. -Who settled in the British colony of Sierra Leone?

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