Final Exam Total: 125 marks Part A: “Brave New World” Character Analysis

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ENG 4U – June 2013

Final Exam
Total: 125 marks

Part A: “Brave New World”

Character Analysis (Knowledge – 8 marks)
Match each character to their description:
1. Bernard Marx

2. Lenina Crowne

3. John “the savage”

4. Helmoltz Watson

5. Linda

6. Henry Foster

7. Mustopha Mond

8. The Director

A. This character’s World State conditioned promiscuity makes them a desperate outcast in their environment.

B. A vaccination worker at the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre. This character is an object of desire for a number of major and minor characters. This character’s behavior is sometimes intriguingly unorthodox.

C. This character’s entire worldview is based on the written work of Shakespeare.

D. A prime example of their caste, but feels empty and lacks meaning in their life. This character displays both philosophical and intellectual traits.

E. This character’s frustrated discontent stems from their inability to fit in, in their own society.

F. This character was once an ambitious, young scientist performing illicit research. When their work was discovered, they were given the choice of going into exile or training to become a World Controller.

G. A perfectly conventional Alpha, who is one of Lenina’s many lovers.

H. At first this character was a threat to Bernard due to their power, but they become vulnerable due their relations with another character and their illicit child.

Theme Analysis (Application – 6 marks)

There are many themes that are depicted through the dystopian society of “Brave New World”. Using a specific example from the novel, explain how each theme has been displayed.

A. The Cost of Happiness

B. Technology and Control

C. Individuality

Quote Analysis (9 marks)
Choose 3 of the 6 quotes listed below and answer the following;
a.) What is the context of the quote? (K – 3)
b.) What is the significance of the quote? (T/I – 3, C – 3)

1. "Wheels must turn steadily, but cannot turn untended. There must be men to tend them, men as steady as the wheels upon their axles, sane men, obedient men, stable in contentment."

2. "History is bunk."

3. "But I don’t want comfort. I want God, I want poetry, I want real danger, I want freedom, I want goodness. I want sin."

4. "And that," put in the Director sententiously, "that is the secret of happiness and virtue— liking what you’ve got to do. All conditioning aims at that: making people like their inescapable social destiny."

5. “Community. Identity. Stability.”

6. “I don’t know what you mean. I am free. Free to have the most wonderful time. Everybody’s happy nowadays.”

Figurative Language (Thinking – 3, Application – 3 marks)
For each excerpt, identify the type of figurative language that is being used: metaphor, simile, imagery, or personification. Then identify the effect of these particular words on the reader.

1. The overalls of the workers were white, their hands gloved with a pale corpse-coloured rubber.

a. Type:
b. Effect:

2. Like chickens drinking, the students lifted their eyes towards the distant ceiling.

a. Type:
b. Effect:

3. Not so much like drops of water, though water it is true, can wear holes in the hardest granite; rather, drops of liquid sealing-wax, drops that adhere, incrust, incorporate themselves with what they fall on, till finally the rock is all one scarlet blob.

a. Type:
b. Effect:

Irony in Brave New World (Thinking– 3 marks, Application – 3)
For the following examples, identify the type of irony (verbal, dramatic, situational) and explain the irony of the situation.

1. As John realizes he will be going to the “new” world, he says “O brave new world that has such people in it.” Later, as he gets to know this civilization, he again says, “O brave new world that has such people in it.”

a. Type of Irony:
b. Irony:

2. As Henry and Lenina fly over the Crematorium, Lenina says, “What a marvelous switch back!” and laughs. The switchback, we learn, is the hot air created by the burning of bodies.

a. Type of Irony:
b. Irony:

3. In Chapter 10, the D.H.C. has decided that he will make a public example of Bernard, and finds the most populated room in which to do it. Bernard arrives, and after being reprimanded by the D.H.C., Bernard introduced Linda and John.

a. Type of Irony:
b. Irony:

Part B: Hamlet

Character Analysis (Knowledge – 8 marks)
Match each character to their description:

1. Hamlet

2. Claudius

3. Gertrude

4. Polonius

5. Ophelia

6. Horatio

7. Laertes

8. The Ghost

A. Polonius’ son and Ophelia’s brother.

B. Claims to have been murdered and calls upon Hamlet to avenge him.

C. The Lord Chamberlain of Claudius’ court, a pompous, conniving old man.

D. The Prince of Denmark who is often depicted as depressed and angry.

E. A shallow, weak woman who seeks affection and status more urgently than moral goodness or truth.

F. Conniving and selfish throughout the play.

G. Hamlet’s close friend who is both loyal and helpful.

H. A beautiful woman with whom Hamlet has been in love but who lapses into madness and eventually death.

Quote Analysis (9 marks)
Choose 3 of the 6 quotes listed below and answer the following;
a.) What is the context of the quote? (K – 3)
b.) What is the significance of the quote? (T/I – 3, C – 3)

1. “To be, or not to be; that is the question…”

2. “I will speak daggers to her, but use none”

3. “He hath, my lord, of late made many tenders; Of his affection to me.”

4. "A little more than kin and less than kind."

5. “Thrift, thrift, Horatio! The funeral baked meats/Did coldly furnish forth the marriage tables.”

6. “I am justly killed with mine own treachery”

Short Answer: (8 marks)
1. How does Hamlet present an inward and an outward conflict? (A – 2, C – 2)

2. The central feeling in a great tragedy is, according to the scholar A.C. Bradley, one of “waste.” How is this illustrated in Hamlet? (C – 2)

3. “The hero in a Shakespearean play always contributes in some measure to the disaster in which he perishes” (Bradley). How true is this of Hamlet? (T – 2)

Part C: Formal Essay (65 marks)
In proper 5-paragraph essay format, using the point, proof, explain body paragraph organization, address ONE of the following topics:

  1. What is the role of women in the play? How are they portrayed by Shakespeare? Consider the portrayal of female characters, how others interact with them and their ultimate fates or consider how they are constrained by their gender.

  1. The character of Hamlet is often seen as a bad decision maker or indecisive, as well as someone who does not take advantage of the opportunities for revenge. Determine Hamlet’s downfall and what you would suggest as his Hamartia (fatal flaw). Support your claim.

  1. Hamlet can be seen as a quest for truth or honesty. Discuss the portrayal of this theme, as well as the irony of this quest, as depicted in the play.

Some things to remember:

• Did you include a GENERAL introductory statement about your essay? Did you include and introduction, 3 main body paragraphs, and a strong conclusion?

• Did you avoid using personal pronouns (I, you, we, us)

• Do the middle paragraphs match the order of the points in your thesis?

• Do the summary sentences of each middle paragraph remind the reader about the topic of that paragraph AND tie back to the thesis?

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