File No. 46-4-2-2 Note No. Wkgr0660



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Infant mortality Ontario=s rate has dropped by 12.8% from 1990 (6.27 per 1,000 live births to 5.47 in 1997). The 1997 Ontario infant mortality rate is slightly lower than the national rate of 5.53. However, a greater improvement was seen nationally from the 1990 infant rate of 6.84, a reduction of 19.2%.

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Maternal mortality The rate in Ontario has increased from 4.89 in 1995 to 19.55 in 1997. Over the same years, the rate in Canada went from 4.5 in 1995 to 10.9 in 1997. As the actual numbers of maternal deaths in Ontario, and in Canada as a whole, are small, fluctuations from year to year appear as very large changes in the rates, therefore this indicator should be assessed with some caution.

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HIV/AIDS The proportion of positive HIV tests by gender in Ontario were as follows: for 1990, 91.7% male and 8.3% female; for 1996, 81.6% male and 18.4% female; and for 1999 79.9% male and 20.1% female. There have not been any studies on knowledge, attitude or behaviour related to HIV done in Ontario. Ontario AIDS cases were reported as follows. For 1990 there were 619 male cases and 34 female cases (5.25%); for 1996 there were 577 male cases and 44 female cases (7.1%); and for 1999 there were 101 male cases and 18 female cases (15.1%). In 1999 there was a 42% decrease in women reported with AIDS compared to 1998. The total number of AIDS cases in children 0 to 14 years in the period 1981 to 1999 was 68. In 1999 there were 2 male and 2 female newly reported cases.

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