Fast Facts about California-Canada Trade Relations Compiled by: Assembly Committee on Jobs, Economic Development, and the Economy Juan Arambula, Chair



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Fast Facts about California-Canada Trade Relations

Compiled by: Assembly Committee on Jobs, Economic Development, and the Economy

Juan Arambula, Chair
Canada is the second largest market for exports of California-made goods. In 2006, $14.2 billion in goods were exported from California to Canada and $21.2 billion in goods was imported from Canada to California.1
California's Trade Economy

  • Exports from California accounted for 12 percent of total U.S. exports in 2006.2

  • California's export shipments of merchandise in 2006 totaled $128 billion, ranking California second only to Texas ($151 billion) among the states in terms of total exports in 2006.

  • California leads the nation in export-supported jobs - one in 7 jobs, is related to trade.3

  • Small and medium-sized firms generated more than two-fifths (43%) of California's total exports of merchandise in 2005. 4

  • California exported to 224 foreign destinations in 2006.

  • California's largest export markets were its NAFTA trading partners Mexico ($19.6 billion) and Canada ($14.2 billion), followed by Japan ($14.0 billion).5

  • In 2006, the state's leading export category was computers and electronic products, representing $44.5 billion (34%), of California's total merchandise exports.


Profile of Canada

  • California and Canada have similar sized populations, 37 and 33.3 million respectively. 6

  • Geographically, Canada is the second-largest country in world (after Russia) with approximately 90% of the population is concentrated within 160 km of the US border.7

  • In 2006, California's total gross state product was $1.7 trillion (most current data available). 8 Canada's gross domestic product in 2007 was $1.3 trillion. 9


Canada's Population based on Language

  • Canada's population includes people from all over the world. Their knowledge of various languages, international cultures and business practices gives added value to both domestic and Canadian-based international employers.10




Language

Canada

Halifax

Montreal

Toronto

Edmonton

Vancouver

Ottawa

English

58.5

92.3

10.4

51.8

72.9

60.2

63.6

French

22.6

2.9

58.3

1.2

2.2

1.3

15.1

Italian

1.6

0.2

4.7

4.0

0.8

1.0

1.4

Chinese

2.9

0.5

2.1

9.2

4.9

14.9

3.1

German

1.5

0.3

0.3

0.9

1.9

1.6

0.9

Portuguese

0.7

0.1

1.5

2.8

0.6

0.4

0.5

Polish

0.7

0.2

0.5

1.5

1.3

0.6

0.8

Spanish

0.8

0.2

3.5

2.3

1.1

1.7

2.0

Other

9.4

2.9

16.1

24.1

12.7

17.2

11.7








Source: Statistics Canada Census, 2001 (01/2003)
Canada and U.S. Trade Relations

  • The U.S. is Canada's top export market representing 81.6% of all exports in 2006.11

  • The U.S. is Canada's top import market representing 54.9% of all imports in 2006.12

  • Canada is the U.S. 'top trading partner, representing 18% of all exports in 2007.13

  • Since 1997, foreign direct investment in Canada grew over 131% to $448.9 billion at the end of 2006.14


California Exports to Canada in 2006

  • California exported $14.19 billion worth of goods to Canada, accounting for approximately 11% of California’s overall goods exports. 15

  • Over 832,000 California jobs are supported by Canada–U.S. trade. 16

  • Canada is the number one single-largest foreign buyer of California agricultural products. California supplied Canadians with $2.4 billion in agricultural products—crops, livestock and processed foods.17

2006 Exports from California to Canada by Industry Sector



 

Product

Value ($)

Percent



334 _Computers & Electronic Prod.

4,605,269,803

32.4 %



111 _Crop Production

1,618,838,685

11.4 %



336 _Transportation Equipment

1,480,577,843

10.4 %



339 _Misc. Manufactures

885,227,171

6.2 %



All Others

5,604,114,719

39.5 %




 Grand Total

14,194,028,221

100 %










Source: TradeStats Express
Canada's Exports to California in 2006

Canada's exports to California are substantial, $25.7 billion of merchandise sent to California, a full half of which was comprised of vehicles and parts.18



  • Automobiles ($9,699)191

  • Trucks ($1,390)

  • Organic chemicals ($679)

  • Medicine, in dosage ($509)

  • Motor vehicle parts, except engines ($289)

  • Newsprint ($287)

  • Containers ($259)

  • Meat ($251)

  • Synthetic rubber & plastics ($251)

  • Precious metals & alloys ($229)




1 Numbers are in millions

1 http://geo.international.gc.ca/can-am/washington/state_trade_2007/california-en.asp; accessed 2/21/08

2 http://www.calchamber.com/CC/BusinessResources/InternationalResources/AllAboutInternationalTrade/TradeStatistics.htm; accessed 2/25/08

3 http://www.calchamber.com/CC/BusinessResources/InternationalResources/AllAboutInternationalTrade/TradeStatistics.htm; accessed 2/25/07

4 http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/industry/otea/state_reports/california.html; accessed 2/21/08

5 http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/industry/otea/state_reports/california.html; accessed 2/21/08

6 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html; accessed 2/21/08

7 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html; accessed 2/21/08

8 Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross State Product, www.bea.gov/bea/regional/gsp/

9 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ca.html; accessed 2/21/08

10 http://www.2ontario.com/welcome/cowr_300.asp; accessed 2/25/08

11 http://www.2ontario.com/welcome/cowr_300.asp; accessed 2/25/08

12 http://www.2ontario.com/welcome/cowr_300.asp; accessed 2/25/08

13 http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/statistics/highlights/toppartners.html; accessed 2/25/08

14 http://www.2ontario.com/welcome/cowr_300.asp; accessed 2/25/08

15 http://tse.export.gov/SEDChartDisplay.aspx?UniqueURL=siu2ho45uj0kil45hgwg45nv-2008-2-20-21-55-7; accessed 2/21/08

16http://geo.international.gc.ca/world/site/includes/print.asp?lang=en&print=1&url=%2Fcan%2Dam%2Fwashington%2Fstate%5Ftrade%5F2007%2Fcalifornia%2Den%2Easp; accessed 2/21/08

17 http://geo.international.gc.ca/can-am/washington/state_trade_2007/california-en.asp; accessed 2/21/08

18 http://w01.international.gc.ca/CanadExport/view.aspx?isRedirect=True&id=385163&language=E; accessed 2/25/08

19http://geo.international.gc.ca/world/site/includes/print.asp?lang=en&print=1&url=%2Fcan%2Dam%2Fwashington%2Fstate%5Ftrade%5F2007%2Fcalifornia%2Den%2Easp; accessed 2/21/08

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