Fall 2007 mwf 9: 10 to 10: 05 am

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Dr. Darlene Applegate

Fall 2007

MWF 9:10 to 10:05 am

Fine Arts Center 239

Rock House 104

Instructor Contact Information
Email: darlene.applegate@wku.edu

Office: FAC 280 745-5094

Lab: Rock House 745-6511

Office Hours: Mon 10:30-11:30 am, Wed and Fri 10:30 to 12:00, or by appointment

Course Objectives
Applied Archaeology is an undergraduate/graduate course that examines the use and application of archaeology outside academia. The course has two primary foci, which are studied through readings and hands-on activities. First, we will study a variety of approaches for presenting archaeology to the public. Emphasis will be placed on public digs, archaeology weeks, stewardship programs, curriculum units, interpretive exhibits/centers, and ethics. Second, we will examine the practice of contract archaeology within the realm of cultural resource management. Emphasis is given to legal mandates, field methodology, artifact analysis, publication, and ethics.

Upon successful completion of this course, students will

• understand how contract archaeology differs from academic archaeology.

• understand state and federal legislation that addresses cultural resource management.

• learn the variety of techniques for presenting archaeology to the public.

• participate in a public archaeology project.

• become familiar with the methodology of contract archaeology.

• contribute to a contract archaeology project.

• understand ethical and indigenous issues related to contract and public archaeology.

Course Information
The prerequisite for this course is Anth 130 or consent of instructor. This lecture/applied course is a required course for the cultural resource management track in the anthropology major, an elective in the anthropology major for students in other tracks, and an elective for anthropology minors and other students. The course does not fulfill General Education requirements.
Course Schedule
Every attempt will be made to adhere to the following schedule, but the instructor reserves the right to make adjustments as necessary. Changes to the course schedule will be announced in class.
Public Archaeology Education
Aug 27-31 Goals and Methods in Public Archaeology Peter Stone

Education SAA Public Education Cmte

Sep 3-7 Printed Materials: Books, Magazines, Posters KAS Booklets
Sep 10-14 Archaeology Days/Weeks/Months, Teresa Hoffman

Living Archaeology Weekend K. Carmean & J. Faulkner

Sep 17-21 Working with Teachers: Curriculum Units, Nan McNutt

Lesson Plans, Activities, Traveling Kits Patricia Wheat

(Guest Speaker: Amy McCray)
Sep 24-28 Stewardship Programs: Site Monitoring, Teresa Hoffman

Archaeological Registries, Archaeological A. Gwynn Henderson

Conservancy Darlene Applegate et al.
Oct 1-5 Public Digs: Mock Excavations, Karolyn Smardz

Real Excavations, Lab Experiences Kentucky Arch’l Survey

David Dose
Oct 8-12 Interpretive Centers, Museums, Exhibits William Iseminger

Barbara Heath

Oct 15-19 Ethics and Indigenous Issues in Public M. Bograd & T. Singleton

Archaeology Education Jeanne Moe

Contract Archaeology
Oct 22-26 Federal and State Legislation N&S Chapters 1, 2

Midterm Exam, Monday, Oct 22 N&S Appendix A
Oct 29-Nov 2 Section 106 Process, SHPOs, Bidding N&S Chapter 2
Contract Archaeology (cont’d)
Nov 5-7 Literature Reviews N&S Chapter 3

KySHPO Specifications

Nov 12-16 Field Methods, Phases of Investigation N&S Chapters 4, 5, 6

KySHPO Specifications

Nov 19 Contract Reports, Collections Curation N&S Chapter 7

KySHPO Specifications

Nov 26-30 Collections Curation, Ethics N&S Appendix B

KySHPO Specifications

Dec 3-7 Traditional Cultural Properties and Kelli Carmean

Indigenous Issues

Dec 13 Final Exam, Thursday, 8:00-10:00 am
Course Materials
There are two required books for the course:
Cultural Resources Archaeology: An Introduction by Thomas W. Neumann and Robert M. Sanford (AltaMira, 2001)
Spider Woman Walks this Land by Kelli Carmean (AltaMira, 2002)
All students will complete the following additional readings:
Stone, Peter

1997 Presenting the Past: A Framework for Discussion. In Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths, edited by J. H. Jameson, pp. 23-34. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Society for American Archaeology, Public Education Committee

n.d. Five Essential Concepts to Teach in Archaeology Education. Society for American Archaeology, Washington, D.C.

Hoffman, Teresa

1997 The Role of Public Participation: Arizona’s Public Archaeology Program. In Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths, edited by J. H. Jameson, pp. 73-83. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Carmean, Kelli, and Johnny Faulkner

2004 Living Archaeology Weekend at the Red River Gorge: Lessons Learned After Fifteen Years. Paper presented at the 20th Annual Kentucky Heritage Council Archaeological Conference, Cumberland Falls State Park.

McNutt, Nan

2000 Assessing Archaeology Education: Five Guiding Questions. In The Archaeology Education Handbook, edited by Karolyn Smardz and Shelley Smith, pp. 192-204. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Wheat, Patricia

2000 Developing Lessons About Archaeology: From a Teacher’s Journal. In The Archaeology Education Handbook, edited by Karolyn Smardz and Shelley Smith, pp. 117-128. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Henderson, A. Gwynn

1988 The Kentucky Archaeology Registry. Kentucky Nature Preserves Commission, Frankfort.

Applegate, Darlene, Robert Ward, Wayne Elliott, Mark DePoy, Bruce Powell, Patrick Reed,

and Ronald Switzer

2006 An Archeological Site Monitoring Program at Mammoth Cave National Park. Ms. on file at Department of Folk Studies and Anthropology, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green.
Smardz, Karolyn Smardz

2000 Digging With Kids: Teaching Students to Touch the Past. In The Archaeology Education Handbook, edited by Karolyn Smardz and Shelley Smith, pp. 234-248. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Kentucky Archaeological Survey

n.d. And What About Simulated or Mock Excavations? Ms. available from Kentucky Archaeological Survey, University of Kentucky, Lexington.

Dose, David

2000/2001 Getting Young People Hooked on the Past: Lessons Learned in Developing Archaeological Programs for Middle School Students. Published in Archaeology and Education, the electronic newsletter of the Public Education Committee, Society for American Archaeology, www.saa.org.

Iseminger, William

1997 Public Archaeology at Cahokia. In Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths, edited by J. H. Jameson, pp. 147-155. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Heath, Barbara

1997 Archaeology and Interpretation at Monticello and Poplar Forest. In Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths, edited by J. H. Jameson, pp. 176-192. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.
Bograd, Mark, and Theresa Singleton

1997 The Interpretation of Slavery: Mount Vernon, Monticello, and Colonial Williamsburg. In Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths, edited by J. H. Jameson, pp. 193-204. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.

Moe, Jeanne M.

2000 Archaeology and Values: Respect and Responsibility for our Heritage. In The Archaeology Education Handbook, edited by Karolyn Smardz and Shelley Smith, pp. 249-266. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.


1993 Teaching Respect for Native Peoples. Oyate, Berkeley, CA.

Kentucky State Historic Preservation Office

2006 Specifications for Conducting Fieldwork and Preparing Cultural Resource Assessment Reports. Kentucky Heritage Council, Frankfort.

Each student will read one of the following booklets published by the Kentucky Archaeological Survey as part of is education series:
Number 1: David Pollack, Cheryl Ann Munson and A. Gwynn Henderson, Slack Farm and the Caborn-Welborn People (1996)
Number 2: William E. Sharp and A. Gwynn Henderson , Mute Stones Speak: Archaic Lifeways of the Escarpment Region in Jackson County, Kentucky (1996)
Number 3: Leon Lane, Eric J. Schlarb, and A. Gwynn Henderson , Prehistoric Hunters and Gatherers: Kentucky's First Pioneers (1998)
Number 4: Paul A. Delcourt, Hazel R. Delcourt, Cecil R. Ison, William E. Sharp, and A. Gwynn Henderson , Forests, Forest Fires, & Their Makers: The Story of Cliff Palace Pond, Jackson County, Kentucky (1999)
Number 5: Maria Campbell Brent, Taming Yellow Creek: Alexander Arthur, the Yellow Creek Canal, and Middlesborough, Kentucky (2000)
Number 6: Patti Linn and M. Jay Stottman, Bringing the Past into the Future: The Recon-struction of the Detached Kitchen at Riverside (2003)
Number 7: A. Gwynn Henderson and Rick Burdin, Hunters and Gatherers of the Green River Valley (2006)
Number 8: A. Gwynn Henderson, The Prehistoric Farmers of Boone County, Kentucky (2006)
Number 9: A. Gwynn Henderson and Eric J. Schlarb, Adena: Woodland Period Moundbuilders of the Bluegrass (2007)
Additional course materials and assignments are accessible on the course web site at


General Expectations
The educational endeavor is a two-way street. To insure a productive and stimulating learning environment, students and instructors must meet certain expectations.
It is my expectation that students will attend class regularly, prepare for each class, exactly follow directions for completing assignments, complete assignments on time, participate meaningfully and respectfully in class, ask questions, monitor their performance, and seek assistance before matters get out of hand.
Students are expected to make themselves aware of the provisions set forth in this syllabus. Students are expected to bring the syllabus to every class meeting and to make any adjustments to the syllabus announced during class. Students are strongly encouraged to review the information in the syllabus on a regular basis.
Students needing academic assistance should contact me during office hours or visit The Learning Center (TLC), which is located in the Academic Advising and Retention Center of the Downing University Center, Room A-330. The TLC staff provides academic support for General Education courses. To make an appointment, or to request a tutor for a specific class, call 745-6254 or stop by DUC A330. Log on to TLC’s website at www.wku.edu/tlc to find out more. TLC hours are 8 am to 9 pm Monday through Thursday, 8 am to 4 pm Friday, and 4 pm to 9 pm Sunday.
Students should expect from me organized presentations, current information on the subject, thoughtful evaluation of assignments, timely return of graded assignments, access during office hours, and guidance in completing course requirements.
Please come see me if you have any concerns during the semester.
Attendance Policy
The University attendance policy states that “registration in a course obligates the student to be regular and punctual in class attendance” (WKU 2005-2007 Undergraduate Catalog, p. 28; emphasis added). In addition, if an instructor “determines that a student’s absenteeism is inconsistent with the instructor’s stated policy” the instructor may “request that the Academic Advising and Retention Center arrange a counseling session with the student” (WKU 2005-2007 Undergraduate Catalog, p. 28).
Punctual arrival to class is expected. Students who arrive to class late are expected to find out what they missed.
Class attendance is tracked with sign-in sheets. Students are responsible for making sure they sign the attendance sheet each day. Students who are present but forget to sign the attendance sheet will be recorded as absent.
In order for an absence to be excused, all of the following requirements must be met.
1. The excuse must be a legitimate reason for missing class. Legitimate excuses include serious illness, death in the family, University-sanctioned activities, out-of-town job interview, jury duty, and religious holidays. Non-legitimate reasons for missing class include but are not limited to chauffeuring friends, airplane reservations, family celebrations, meetings with other professors or advisors, work, and unsanctioned University activities.
2. Written documentation must be given to the instructor and will be kept on file.
3. Written documentation must be submitted at the next class meeting after the absence.
If you are absent from class, it is your sole responsibility to find out in a timely manner what you missed. You are responsible for learning the material you missed. If you are absent on a day when an assignment is due, it is your responsibility to insure that the assignment is submitted on time. It is not possible to make up some missed class work like videos.
Though your grade will not be lowered for unexcused absences, they will likely contribute to poor academic performance in this course. Attendance policies related to exams and other course assignments are explained elsewhere in the syllabus.
University policy states that “Students who, without previous arrangement with the instructor or department, fail to attend the first two class meetings of a course meeting multiple times per week or the first meeting of a class that meets one time per week MAY be dropped from the course [by the instructor]; however, students are responsible for officially dropping any course for which they have enrolled.”
According to University policy, “excessive absenteeism may result in the instructor’s dismissing the student from class and recording a failing grade, unless the student officially withdraws from the class before the withdrawal deadline” (WKU 2005-2007 Undergraduate Catalog, p. 28). So if you don’t attend class, don’t satisfactorily complete the course requirements, and don’t withdraw by the scheduled date, you will fail the class.
Following is a list of assignments for the course. Each is described in more detail elsewhere in the syllabus and on the course web site. Students should keep track of their grades on the assignments and track their progress toward their target grades. There are no extra credit opportunities in this class.
Assignment Points Grade
Midterm Exam 100 points

Final Exam 100 points

Booklet Project 75 points

Public Project 75 points

Contract Project 75 points
TOTAL 425 points
Though it is unlikely, the instructor reserves the right to add or eliminate assignments during the course of the semester. If this is necessary, students will be given prior notification during class.
Grading Procedures

Numerical grades are given for each assignment. If curving is necessary, it will be done on individual assignments; curving usually involves adding points to the numerical grade earned by each student on a particular assignment. Letter grades are not given for individual assignments.

The final course grade is calculated by dividing the points earned by the total points possible. This percentage is then translated into a letter grade using a 10% scale: A (90-100%), B (80-89%), C (70-79%), D (60-69%), and F (less than 60%). Final course grades will not be curved. In some cases, students with borderline percentages may be given the higher grade based on class attendance, class participation, improvement, and/or attitude.
Tests and Testing Policies
One midterm and one final are scheduled over the semester. Exams cover material presented in lecture, readings, projects, presentations, and videos. Each test is worth 100 points and consists of essay questions. The exams are take-home tests that must be typed. Late exams will not be accepted.
Class Projects
The class project assignments involve contributing to the three class projects: a contract archaeology project and two public education projects. All projects require group work outside of class time. Each project is worth up to 75 points.
One public archaeology education project will involve researching, writing, and designing a public education booklet on the prehistoric archaeological record of south-central Kentucky. It will focus on basic archaeological principles, the lifeways of prehistoric American Indians, important local prehistoric sites, and preserving archaeological sites. The Provost’s Initiative for Excellence has provided funding to print the booklets.
Students will have three choices for the second public archaeology education project, each of which involves completing eight hours of work in public archaeology education outside of class time. First, students may choose to provide a one-day boy scout workshop at the Rock House related to requirements of the archaeology merit badge. Second, students may choose to assist with a one-day scout excavation on October 20 at the Gardner House in the WKU Upper Green River Biological Preserve in Hart County. Third, students may choose to complete eight hours of classroom visits to local elementary schools to distribute and discuss the booklet we produce.
The contract project will involve one day of testing for the Phase I archaeological assessment at the Upper Green River Biological Preserve; dates will be arranged with each student.
A typed summary of and response to each project will be submitted one week after the completion of each project. The summary-response will be one-two pages in length. The summary will be included in the grade for each project.
There may be an optional opportunity to learn how to do literature reviews at the Office of State Archaeology in Lexington and/or the Kentucky Heritage Council in Frankfort.
Due Dates
Two of the skills I expect that students will exhibit in college are time management and responsibility. Therefore, I expect that all assignments will be turned in at the beginning of class on the days they are due. Be warned that I will not accept/grade assignments that are submitted after the due dates, even if you have an excused absence on the day an assignment is due. If you can’t be in class on a day when an assignment is due, you need to submit the assignment early or have someone turn it in for you on time. Students who need to submit assignments early and can’t find me on campus may slide the assignments under my FAC office door or leave them in my mailbox in the department office (FAC 237). Written assignments will only be accepted by email if the student submits a valid, written excuse to the instructor at the next class session; in such cases, emailed assignments must be received by the appropriate due date/time.
Under unusual circumstances, students may petition for an extension of the due date for an assignment. The instructor reserves the right to deduct points on assignments that are submitted on extension. Extensions will be considered only if all of the following requirements are met.
1. A written request for an extension, explaining a legitimate reason why extra time is needed, must be submitted to the instructor. (Computer failure, work schedules, extracurricular activities, and an overload of work in other classes are examples of non-legitimate reasons for requesting an extension.)
2. The student must meet with the instructor at least three days before the due date to submit and discuss the written request. If the extension is granted, a new date will be established.
3. The student must complete the assignment by the new due date.
Academic Dishonesty
“The maintenance of academic integrity is of fundamental importance to the University. Thus it should be clearly understood that acts of plagiarism or any other form of cheating will not be tolerated and that anyone committing such acts risks punishment of a serious nature” (WKU 2005-2007 Undergraduate Catalog, p. 26).
Academic dishonesty, including cheating and plagiarism, will be dealt with in accordance with University policy. “Students who commit any act of academic dishonesty may receive from the instructor a failing grade in that portion of the coursework in which the act is detected or a failing grade in the course without possibility of withdrawal” (WKU 2005-2007 Undergraduate Catalog, p. 26). Sanctions may also be brought against the perpetrator. Students are responsible for understanding what constitutes cheating and plagiarism; the University descriptions are provided below.
“No student shall receive or give assistance not authorized by the instructor in taking an examination or in the preparation of an essay, laboratory report, problem assignment or other project which is submitted for purposes of grade determination” (WKU 2005-2007 Undergraduate Catalog, p. 26). Student work may be checked using plagiarism detection software.
“To represent written work taken from another source [book, journal, web site, lecture, lab, or other source whether it is prepared by the instructor, a guest speaker, or a classmate] as one’s own is plagiarism. Plagiarism is a serious offense. The academic work of a student must be his/her own. One must give any author credit for source material borrowed from him/her. To lift content directly from a source without giving credit is a flagrant act. To present a borrowed passage without reference to the source after having changed a few words is also plagiarism” (WKU 2005-2007 Undergraduate Catalog, p. 26).
Note-taking Policies
An accurate and complete set of lecture notes is important for performing well in this class. Many topics covered in class are not in the text book, so lecture is the only source for information on such topics. Suggestions for taking good notes include pre-reading, pre-class preparation, listening for clue words, taping lectures, comparing notes with other students and/or the text book, rewriting and reorganizing notes, and asking the instructor for clarification in class or during office hours. See the instructor for more specific note-taking strategies.
Tape recording of lectures for the purpose of improving note-taking is permitted only when a written request is made to the instructor and when prior consent is given by the instructor.
The instructor considers lecture material (like any other course material) to be intellectual property. Students who enroll in this class are entitled to use this material for their personal education. Students are not to sell lecture notes (and other class materials) to other students or to note-taking services, online or otherwise; such action constitutes copyright infringement and will be prosecuted.
Classroom Behavior
The instructor expects that all students will exhibit appropriate behavior during class sessions. This means that students will not sleep, read, talk with others, or work on other assignments during class. Students should interact respectfully with others in the class.
Students with cellular phones or pagers must turn them off before the start of each class, unless prior arrangements are made with the instructor.
Important Dates
Monday, September 3 Labor Day holiday (no class)
Tuesday, September 4 Last day to drop/add a semester-length class without a grade
Monday, October 1 Deadline to apply for December 2007 graduation
Thur-Fri, October 4-5 Fall Break (no class)
Tuesday, October 16 Last day to withdraw from a semester-length class with a “W” grade
Wednesday, October 17 Priority registration for spring semester begins
Wed-Fri, November 21-23 Thanksgiving break (no class)
Saturday, December 15 Fall commencement
Syllabus Modifications

The instructor reserves the right to modify anything in the syllabus, with prior warning via an in-class announcement, during the course of the semester. Students are responsible for being apprised of any such modifications and for recording such modifications on their syllabi.

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