_Students will be given packets to complete using the websites. A brief introduction to each site and the navigation of the site should be completed and the students should be instructed specifically over each part of their packet and what is expected of them. If you use this in conjunction with a scored discussion on Andrew Johnson it is important that this connection is made before and that this idea is presented as scaffolding.
Assessment of Student Performance: __Packet will be completed with a partner during the activity and the packet will be reviewed and graded, then returned to be used as the basis for the Scored Discussion notes.
Bibliography (Provide complete documentation for print and electronic sources used in the lesson.)
1. http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/impeach/impeachmt.htm 2. http://www.impeach-andrewjohnson.com/ 3. http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/impeach.htm
Directions: Friday April 15, 2005 you will be participating in a scored discussion on Andrew Johnson’s impeachment. In order to prepare for that discussion, it is important for you to have a background on Andrew Johnson and the issues surrounding his impeachment as well as other impeachments and their results. With your partner follow the questions as they lead you through the different websites. The websites you will be using are the same three noted on the scored discussion assignment sheet. (You may also find it helpful to refer to your reading from the weekend and the questions that went along with it)
For what reasons should the Senate have impeached Andrew Johnson?
For what reasons should the Senate have acquitted Andrew Johnson?
Who would benefit from Andrew Johnson’s impeachment?
Who would not benefit from Andrew Johnson’s impeachment?
How does Andrew Johnson’s trial compare to other impeachments since then?
How do you think the “Andrew Johnson decision” influenced later impeachment decisions?
These are the questions you need to consider for the scored discussion, you should also keep them in mind while you are following the tasks set out in the Webquest.
Task One: Understanding the timeline/events The first task involves brief questions that you will need to answer the questions to gain background on the situation. Each question corresponds to the date when the answer occurred. You can use this information to help you to answer the question. You should begin on the www.law.umkc.edu website.
1864: Why did Abraham Lincoln select Andrew Johnson to run as his Vice President?
1866: Whose plan for Reconstruction had the most support, Johnson’s or the Radical Republicans?
1866: When a bill is vetoed it is usually forgotten; why are these two bills that Johnson vetoed in 1866 significant? (What were they? What did they do? What happened to them?)
1866: Why were the race riots in Memphis and New Orleans significant? (What did they signal about Andrew Johnson to the American public?)
1867: On August 12th Andrew Johnson suspended Edwin M. Stanton (Secretary of War) and replaced him with Ulysses S. Grant. Congress was not in session at this time, but when they returned in January 1868 they overturned the suspension. At this time Johnson dismissed Stanton and replaced him with Lorenzo Thomas. What (legal) steps had Congress specifically taken (in 1867) to prevent actions like this from occurring?
1868: In May of 1868 the Senate acquitted (found him not guilty) Johnson of the charges. By how many votes did he miss being removed?
Task Two: Understanding the Issues
Use the Harper’s Weekly website to fill in the table below.
Now that you have figured out some of the key differences between the two plans, which plan was followed most closely?
One of the issues of Reconstruction was “control of congress”. How might the rights of Freedmen effect who holds power in Congress?
The major element of Andrew Johnson’s impeachment was the “Tenure of Office Act”. What has been the fate of this law since Johnson’s impeachment and subsequent acquittal?
One of the reasons often cited for Johnson’s impeachment was that he was personally detested by many in Congress and poorly behaved on occasion. How did personal issues then serve to help Johnson and ultimately lead to his acquittal? (Hint: Who was Benjamin Wade?)
Task Three: Understanding Primary Sources Directions: Find the section on the Harper’s Weekly website with the political cartoons. Choose a cartoon and examine it. Write the citation information on the following blanks and answer the questions below to analyze your cartoon. Print out a picture of your cartoon and attach it to your packet.
Illustrator: ________________________ Title: _________________________________
Date: __________ Page/s: _______ Subject (who or what): _______________________
What event or issue is the cartoon addressing?
Does the cartoon suggest Johnson is a good President or a bad President?
What does the cartoon suggest about Johnson’s personal view of his role in power?
How do you think a cartoon like this would influence the public’s opinion of Andrew Johnson?
Task Four: Impeachment: relating the past to the present Directions: Using the Pittsburgh Law website answer the following questions in complete sentences.
In the history of the United States sixteen officials have been impeached, of those 16 only 7 have been removed from their positions. What did all those seven people have in common?
2. Only two US Presidents have been impeached. The first was ____________________
in 1868 and the second was ________________ in 1998. Neither President was removed from
office for their crimes. In 1974 __________________ resigned from office, avoiding
impeachment and what many thought would be the first ever removal of a President from office.
What were the articles of impeachment from the cases in 1974 & 1998?
What are some arguments against impeaching an official while they are in office? Why might it be important to impeach an official while they are in office (as opposed to waiting until the end of their term to prosecute them for crimes committed?
What are some CURRENT impeachment proceedings today and where are they taking place?
Now that you have a better understanding of the issues surrounding impeachment and specifically Andrew Johnson’s trial, you should be prepared to write your notes that outline position on his impeachment and acquittal.