F965 Russian Revolutions 1894-1924 Summer [3 weeks]



Download 126.09 Kb.
Date29.04.2016
Size126.09 Kb.


F965 Russian Revolutions 1894-1924 Summer [3 weeks]


Week



Topic


Key Questions


Content


Lesson Activity


Preparation


Assessment

1


Fin de siècle Russia- Russia by 1905



How was Russian society structured?


Geographical Russia

Ethnic Russia

Social stratification

Urban and peasant life



Pupil research

Individual presentations


SHP pgs 3-6

Lynch pgs 2-9

Library



Content and delivery of presentation/peer assessed

2

What was the nature of Tsarist rule?

Autocracy and its problems

Personality and rule of Nicholas II

Army/Church

Tsarist reform- emancipation etc.

Industrialisation and Witte



SHP pgs 7-10

Lynch 9-20

Library


3


What were the key principles of Marxism?
What social protest existed by 1905?


Karl Marx and Dialectical Materialism

Populism


Zemstvo Movement

Socialist Revolutionaries


Discussion


Board Work/Diagram



SHP pgs 19-21
Lynch pgs 20-24
Marples pgs 3-6

Q&A
Notes





Michaelmas [13 weeks]


Week



Topic


Key Questions


Content


Lesson Activity


Preparation


Assessment

1

The Significance of the 1905 Revolution


How strong were the Social Democrats by 1905?

Lenin- early life, rejection of populism

Lenin and Marx- Development of Capitalism in Russia

Marxism-Leninism- What is to Be Done?

1903 Congress- events and ideology

Differences between Bolshevism and Menshevism

Discussion


Document Analysis



Marples pgs 6-10
SHP pgs 17, 20-22
Williams pgs 32-41
Lynch pgs 20-27

Handling documents
Q&A
Notes

What caused the 1905 Revolution?

Economic/social/political/military causes of 1905, impact of the Russo-Japanese war etc.

Role played by the middle class and socialist parties.

Formation of the Soviet


Discussion/notes

DVD: Nich & Alex

Document analysis- introduction to critical evaluation of sources


Marples 10-14
Williams pgs 41-47
Lynch pgs 28

SHP pgs 10-12




Handling Documents

Q&A


Notes

Essay


Essay: Either/ How important was socialism to the causes of the 1905 Revolution?

Or/ Assess the view that serious defeat in the War of 1904-5 was the main factor in the outbreak of revolution in Russia in 1905




2


The Stability of Russia by 1914


How did the Tsar retain power after 1905?

Tsarist repression- army repression etc.

Tsarist reform- October Manifesto and the establishment of the Duma.


Discussion

Lynch pgs 38-40



Handling Documents
Notes
Debate
Essay

3


How strong was the Tsarist system by 1914?
To what extent was Nicholas II’s survival a result of divisions between his opponents?

Stolypin’s agricultural reforms- the ‘wager on the strong’

Witte’s industrial reforms

The 1st-4th Dumas

The fortunes of the socialists, 1905-14

Economic unrest and political opposition by 1914



Discussion

Debate- optimists v pessimists.


[Critical use of sources]

Lynch pgs 41-54


SHP pgs 12-13
Marples pgs 14-23
Williams pgs 50-60


Document Analysis: 15a. Using these four passages and your own knowledge, assess the view that the reforms passed after 1905 made the Tsarist regime more secure by 1914.

4


World War One and the collapse of Romanov Rule


How did the war affect Russia to 1917?

Reasons for Russia’s entry into war

Impact- military, transport, food and supplies, inflation etc.

Nicholas II and the war- C-in-C/Rasputin etc.




Discussion

Lynch pgs 57-81
Marples pgs 18-23
SHP pgs 14-15

Handling Documents
Notes
Debate
Essay

5


Did the war cause or merely precipitate the collapse of Romanov rule?

The February Revolution and the abdication of the Tsar.

Formation of the Petrograd Soviet and Provisional Government.

The role of the Bolsheviks- Lenin and World War One- Imperialism and the Highest Form of Capitalism



Debate- doubters v believers


[Critical use of sources]

Lynch pgs 82-85
SHP pgs 16-18, 25-28
Marples pgs 27-29

Essay: Assess the view that the First World War was the main cause of the collapse of Romanov rule?



6


From February to October

What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Provisional Government?
How did Lenin react to the February Revolution?
What errors did the Provisional Government make between February and October?
How popular were the Bolsheviks by October 1918?

April Theses- consequences and reaction of party


Provisional Government and WWI- June Offensive Events and July Days
Kerensky and Kornilov.
The Soviet movement and the political parties by October 1917
Popularity of the Bolsheviks

DVD: Red Flag

DVD: Red Empire
Discussion
Source Analysis- April Theses
Source Analysis- data/statistics


Lynch pgs 88-106
Marples pgs 30-44
SHP pgs 29-54

Handling Documents
Q&A
Notes



7


October


Was October a popular revolution or coup d’etat?
What role did Lenin and Trotsky play?

Popularity of the Bolsheviks in October v popularity of the Soviets

Historical debate-

Soviet/Western/Revisionist


Role of Lenin- ideology and leadership

Role of Trotsky and the MRC



Debate:
Popular Revolution or Coup D’etat?


DVD: October

Lynch pgs 108-112


SHP pgs 55-64
Marples pgs 45-49, 52-57
William pgs 73-80

Document handling


Debate


8


Consolidation of Power, 1917-1918


How did the Bolsheviks consolidate power between October 1917 and early 1918?
How did Bolshevik economic policy change between October 1917 and early 1918?
How did the Bolshevik deal with opposition?
What explains the Bolsheviks survival in power between October 1917 and early 1918?

Problems facing the Bolsheviks in 1918

Sovnarkom and the Congress of Russian Soviets

Early decrees- War/Land/Worker Control etc.

Bolsheviks and the Constituent Assembly

Brest-Litovsk


Commune State: State and Revolution

Mass participation to state capitalism

Movement towards state monopolies
Elimination of opposition- dealing with the Kadets/SRs/Mensheviks
Creation of the Cheka

Red Army re-organization


Table
Discussion




Lynch pgs 117-127


SHP pgs 67-78
Marples pgs 49-52, 57-69
Williams pgs 80-106

Q&A
Notes



Essay: Assess the view that it was mainly the failure of the Provisional Government that made possible the Bolshevik takeover of October 1917.





9



The Civil War




Who was on each side?
What happened during the war?
What was the role of Trotsky?


The Red and White armies, Greens

Role of Yudenich, Denikin, Kolchak

Russo-Polish War

Foreign interventions- role/importance

Divisions amongst the white armies

Geographical factors- railways/population centres/industry etc.

Role of Trotsky and the Red Army



DVD: Red Empire


Source analysis

Lynch pgs 128-142


SHP pgs 80-93
Marples pgs 70-80


Handling Documents




10


What were the key features of the Terror?
Was Terror a practical or ideological tool?
What role did Terror play in the Bolshevik victory?

Cheka- aims and role

Actions of Cheka squads
Ideology- dictatorship/Marxism-Leninism
Response to civil war and problems of grain supply?

Discussion


Source analysis

Lynch pgs 145-150


SHP pgs 97-99
Williams pgs 106-114

Debating skills


Handling documents




11





What were the key features of War Communism?
Was war Communism an ideological or practical tool?
What role did War Communism play in the Bolshevik victory?

Political situation by spring 1918

Economic situation- problems of urban collapse and grain supply

Nationalisation/Requisitioning/Rationing/Money economy/Labour discipline


Urban life- middle/lower class

Green peasant resistance- e.g. Tambov


Ideology- nationalization/state control or response to problems of civil war

JMW article


Discussion/debate

Lynch pgs 151-153
SHP pgs 95-6, 99-101
Marples pgs 80-82
Williams 114-119

Debating skills


Handling documents

Essay: How important was ‘Red Terror’ to the Bolshevik success in the civil war 1918-21?

12


Origins of the NEP


Why did War Communism end?
What were the key features of the NEP?

Situation by March 1921- Tambov revolt etc.

Kronstadt uprising and demands

Role of Kronstadt as the trigger

Underlying problems with War Communism

Role of Lenin and Trotsky


NEP reforms and changes in Lenin’s ideology

Source Analysis



Lynch 154-160
SHP pgs 103-108
Marples pgs 82-84
Williams pgs 122-132

Handling Documents




13


END OF TERM EXAMS



Lent [12 weeks]


Week



Topic


Key Questions


Content


Lesson Activity


Preparation


Assessment

1

The NEP



How successful was the NEP to 1924?

Lenin’s argument for economic liberalization

Opposition to NEP

Key features and success



Discussion/Q&A



Lynch 161-165
SHP pgs 108-112

Notes


2

Political Consolidation

How did the Bolshevik increase political centralization after 1921?

Democratic centralism- by-passing of the Soviets/dominance of party in government

Attack on political parties/church

Establishment of nomenklatura and centralization within the party

Dominance of Stalin

Creation of USSR

Centralism- inherent in Bolshevism v response to civil war/economic liberalisation

Discussion/Q&A




Lynch 166-170
SHP pgs 113-120
Williams 132-140

Notes

Essay: To what extent did the NEP of 1921 represent a humiliating reversal of Lenin’s policies?

3

Lenin and Trotsky

Was Lenin’s rule from 1917-24 merely a brutal dictatorship?
How important was Trotsky to Soviet maintenance of power?

Assessment of Lenin/Trotsky as ideologue and party leaders- dictator/liberal, opportunist or ideologue

Definition of ‘Red Tsar’

Compare/contrast Tsarism with Communist rule


Changes over time in relationship- agreements/disagreements over War Communism/NEP etc.
Lenin and culture/women/religion etc.
Lenin’s Last Testament
Views of Lenin and Trotsky- Soviet/Post-Soviet/ Western/Revisionist



Debate
Was Lenin a ‘Red Tsar’?
Trotsky’s role under-estimated?

Lynch 170-175


SHP 126-134
Williams pgs 147-163, 189-206

Notes
Debating skills





4


Interpretations


15b. Using these four passages and your own knowledge, assess the view that the failures of the Provisional Government were the main factors in enabling Lenin and the Bolsheviks to seize power.

Critical evaluation of sources

Instructions for completion- citation/referencing, bibliography

Individual research


Library/private study
Individual/group discussions



F965 Support Pack

Interpretation mark

scheme


5

6

7

15c. Using these four passages and your own knowledge, assess the view that Bolshevik success in the Civil War depended more on the weaknesses of the Whites than the strengths of the Reds

8

9


10



Interpretations

List B Titles

Critical evaluation of sources


Instructions for completion- citation/referencing, bibliography etc.
Individual research


Library/private study
Individual/group discussions



F965 Support Pack

Investigation mark scheme





11



Summer [4 weeks]


Week



Topic


Key Questions


Content


Lesson Activity


Preparation


Assessment

1

Interpretations



Completion and submission of all Interpretation and Investigation titles for 15th May


Library/private study


Individual/group discussions









2

3

4

Civil Rights/AS re-take revision



Exam Leave





Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page