Exploring four empires of mesopotamia name Reading Notes 1 Introduction

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Chapter 6 EXPLORING FOUR EMPIRES OF MESOPOTAMIA Name__________ Reading Notes

6.1 Introduction

1. What does it mean that Sumeria was a city-state?

2. What caused its fall?

3. Define empire.

4. List the four empires that controlled Mesopotamia between 2300 and 539 BC.

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6.2 The Akkadian Empire

1. Where did the Akkadians live before they began controlling Sumerian lands?

2. What is the king’s name?

3. He was the first ruler of the Akkadian Empire and is best known for his ___________ strategies. He taught soldiers to fight in ____________. Soldiers in the front row carried ____________and behind the _________ carriers extended their weapons between them.

4. What three political strategies did he use to control Sumeria?

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5. What was the Akkadian’s greatest achievement?

6.3 Life Under Akkadian Rule

1. The capital of Mesopotamia was ____________ and was built with _____________ which is money and goods he collected from the people he ________________. Agade was one of the richest and most powerful cities in the world, even though it continued to utilize:

  • Sumerian _______________ techniques to __________

  • Sumerian system of ________________to record information

  • Sumerians’ gods

2. Akkadian achievements included:

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3. How many years did the Akkadians rule, and why did the Akkadian Empire fall?

4. Who invaded them?

6.4 Hammurabi and the Babylonian Empire

1. _____________ was the next ruler of Mesopotamia. His city-state was located in ____________, today’s Baghdad. He is best known or his ________ of laws.

2. Hammurabi claims to have been given the laws from the _________, so the laws could not be changed.

3. What is a stele?

4. Describe two of the laws.

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5. Why are Hammurabi’s laws so important?

6.5 Life in the Babylonian Empire

1. Who did Hammurabi make the supreme Babylonian god?

2. Two of his achievements were:

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3. Hammurabi succeeded in creating a prosperous empire by encouraging and maintaining the ___________ system.

4. He also encouraged _________with people along the Persian Gulf. Trade helped the empire’s economy.

5. Trade allowed exchange of ideas and __________. The arts and writers flourished.

6. The laws were fair even though different classes were not treated the ________. Slaves had rights – they could work elsewhere and keep their ________; they could own __________; they could _____ their _________.

7. Women had _______rights than other women in ancient societies. They could ____ their own ____________; they could keep the money of their own.

6.6 The Assyrian Empire

1. Assyrians were a ____________people. They came from __________ of Babylon. They had been conquered by __________ when they were in control o Mesopotamia or a brief time. They had a strong __________ and created the largest Mesopotamian empire. They were known also for their ___________.

2. Their greatest achievements included new __________ and strategies:

  • Used ___________ and ________ weapons in battle

  • Became very good at _________ warfare;

  • They used _________rams which are -_____________________________________________________________

3. How did they used the moveable towers in battle?

4. How were they “ruthless?”

5. How is “fear” a military strategy?

6.7 Life Under the Assyrians

1. What is the capital of the Assyrian Empire?

2. There were many kings during this time period and they were viewed by the people as ___________ beings. The kings lived in __________, and some were built on tall mounds with ___________ bulls or lions at their entrances.

3. Define aqueduct.

4. Define bas-reliefs. Where were they found?

5. How is ivory used in art?

6. How long did the empire last?

7. What do the historians believe was one of the reasons for the fall of Assyria?

6.8 The Neo-Babylon Empire

1. Who helped the Babylonians regain control over Mesopotamia?

2. Who was the king?

3. He is famous for some of the following military events:

  • Drove the ___________________________out of Syria;

  • Conquered part of today’s Israel called _________________________

  • When the Hebrews rebelled he ________________________________

  • He built ___________________ and __________________ walls around the city.

  • He built ___________________on the walls and ___________________ stood on them

  • He built a ____________around the city filled with water. During peace time, a bridge allowed people to come and go.

6.9 Lie in the Neo-Babylonian Empire

1. Nebuchadrezzar tried to rebuild Babylon by rebuilding the city’s __________________. The Babylonians called it the ________________________________________________________________

2. Nebuchadrezzar built one o the great wonders of the world called

_____________________________ ___________________. He built it or his wife who missed her home.

3. The Babylonians were skilled in __________________________ and


4. Define astronomy.

5. They created the ________________, a device use for _____________________________________________________________.

6. They made discoveries that led us to a ______________ minute hour and the ___________ day week.

7. How long did Neo Babylon last?

8. Who caused the fall of the Neo-Babylonian Empire and where did they come from?

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