Great Britain abolished British East India Company’s monopoly on trade with China
As a result, various British citizens wanted a large piece of the “pie” = China’s immense wealth – raw materials, bullion, spices, tea.
When you think of China, I ask that students imagine Walmart. Like Walmart, China has just about everything… In terms of resources, China was one of the most riches places in world, which was perfect for feeding the very hungry “Industrial Machine.”
The opium trade Opium Wars
Chinese demand for cotton didn’t match British demand for tea