Exam Practise – Causes of ww1 Mark-schemes B



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Exam Practise – Causes of WW1 Mark-schemes B

After examining ‘Describe’ and ‘Explain’ questions you will need to learn how to write an argument for the ‘mini-Essay’ question ‘c’. Find your Exam Practise sheets. Your should have a sheet entitled ‘Exam Practise – Causes of WW1’ and one entitled ‘Exam Practise – Causes of WW1 Mark-schemes A’

Today we’ll examine the answers for two of the ‘c’ questions before you write an answer to the question –

(c) ‘German actions caused the First World War.’ How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer.



NOV 2011/12

(c) Was the role of Serbia, from 1908, the most important factor in causing war in 1914?

Explain your answer.
Level 0 No evidence submitted or response does not address the question [0]
Level 1 General answer lacking specific contextual knowledge [1]

e.g. ‘There were a number of disagreements between countries.’


Level 2 Identifies AND/OR describes factors [2]

e.g. ‘Serbia was furious about Austria-Hungary’s annexation of Bosnia in 1908.’

‘Serbia emerged from the Balkan Wars of 1910–11 as the most powerful country in the Balkans.’

‘Serbia was determined to unite with the Serbs in the Austrian Empire.’

The Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated at Sarajevo.’

‘Europe was divided into rival alliances.’

‘There was a naval race between Britain and Germany.’
Level 3 Explains the role of Serbia OR other factors [3–5]

e.g. ‘After the Balkan Wars Serbia became almost twice as large as previously. Serbia was now even more determined to unite with the Serbs in the Austrian Empire. Austria was determined to prevent this from happening and more determined than ever to crush Serbia.

Conflict between Serbia and Austria would almost certainly involve other nations as well.’

OR

e.g. ‘Britain felt her naval superiority was being threatened by Germany. Britain’s navy was spread all over the world protecting the British Empire. They could not see the need for Germany to have a large navy and were worried that Germany was going to use this naval power to try to gain more colonies.’


Level 4 Explains the role of Serbia AND other factors [5–7]

Both sides of level 3.



Level 5 Explains with evaluation of ‘most important’ [8]


In your own words make notes below on how you think you can achieve level 5……



(c) What was the most important reason for war breaking out in 1914? Explain your answer with reference to more than one reason.
Level 0 No evidence submitted or response does not address the question [0]
Level 1 General answer lacking specific contextual knowledge [1]

e.g. ‘War was caused by the arms race.’ [1]


Level 2 Identifies AND/OR describes reasons [2]

(One mark for each point)

e.g. ‘Colonial rivalry was a cause of war.’

‘The Balkans crises were the main cause of the war.’

‘Germany’s aggressive attitude was responsible for war.’

‘The growth of Serbia was responsible.’

‘The alliance system was the cause.’

‘The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand brought war.

‘The invasion of Belgium by Germany was a cause of war.’
Level 3 Explanation of a reason OR other reasons [3–5]

e.g. ‘The Alliance system was a major cause of war as it created two armed camps, the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente. A dispute between one of the members of each camp could well involve other members. After the assassination, Germany supported Austria against the Serbs, while Russia supported the Serbs.’

OR

e.g. ‘Germany entered the arms race building up a navy to challenge British supremacy.



There was a race to see who could build the largest battleships. Germany’s army was already powerful and Britain feared German world domination if it had the strongest navy.’

‘Germany invaded Belgium to get to France and Britain entered the war as they had agreed to guarantee Belgium’s neutrality by the Treaty of London.


Level 4 Explanation of a reason AND other reasons [5–7]

Both sides of Level 3.


Level 5 Explains with evaluation of ‘most important’ [8]

TASK – to write a Mini-Essay answer.

  1. Collect the page entitled ‘German actions caused the First World War.’ How far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer.

  2. Cut up the statements and use them to make a plan for your answer. You could stick them down in bunches representing paragraphs you would write.

  3. Write out your answer and be ready to mark another class-member’s.

** Make sure all your exam practise materials or sheets are kept in one place – you will need them to revise from!


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