Evaluation of Close Circuit Television surveillance systems at Rosebank and Killarney Malls, Johannesburg, South Africa

Academic Institutions and administrators –

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Academic Institutions and administrators – through this research, academic institutions and administrators may promote programs and advocacies regarding CCTV usage and criminological communities.
Future researchers – this study covers information involving CCTV usage as an approach to reduce crime. Thus, the result of this study can be used for future discussions on the capabilities of CCTV in alleviating crime.
2. Background to the study
As noted in the introduction, findings from evaluations suggested that CCTV effects are contextual, influenced by a camera’s environmental backcloth, line-of-sight, ability to generate proactive enforcement, setting and the targeted crime type (Caplan 2011; Piza 2014, 2019; Lim., 2016). Previous research into the effects of CCTV use for security purposes is widespread, the effects it has on crime and related topics is fairly small (Piza ,2019:34). Similarly, (Juang & Wheeler) (2019:65) found that CCTV effectiveness and impact is related both to real time monitoring leading to quick apprehension of suspects, and to identifying suspects after the fact through considering recorded video. Dowling (2019:52) also considered how investigators used CCTV. They found that the investigators valued the CCTV material, but also that it varied by crime type how useful it was, with assault offences having the best use of CCTV material in investigative work. The proposed study aims to produce more knowledge on the effects of CCTV on crime impact and in particular on whether the addition of CCTV has contributed to increased clearance rates.
3. Key theoretical terms
According to Concise Oxford Dictionary, (2007) the purpose of “defining” concepts, in research, is to state or describe, exactly, the nature, scope or meaning of the concepts. The researcher adopted the following terms
3.1 Closed Circuit Tele-Vision (CCTV is defined as: “Electronic monitoring systems which make use of video cameras, connected by means of a ‘closed’ (or non-broadcast) circuit, to capture, collect, record, and relay visual information about the event-status of a given space over time” ((Lyon, 1994:45).

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