Euro syllabus



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EURO SYLLABUS


European basic training in veterinary nursing



© 1997, VETNNET

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without permission in writing from VETNNET.



PREFACE

This syllabus is developed and produced by an international partnership of vocational training centres, national certifying bodies and representatives from the profession. The development and the results were closely observed and steered by international organisations like the UEVP and a large international network of interested parties, called VETNNET. Financial support has been granted by the Leonardo Da Vinci programme of the European Union and from a budget of the involved project partners themselves


The UEVP is an organisation of small animal veterinary surgeons throughout Europe. This organisation was involved in the development of a standard in Veterinary Nurse training in Europe from the beginning. They have made a first proposal of skills needed for a veterinary nurse. UEVP continues to be interested and involved in this topic.
Leonardo Da Vinci is a subsidy programme of the European Union for stimulation of innovation of vocational training in Europe. More specific information about the programme is available at DGXXII of the European Union in Brussels. The training programme described in this syllabus was developed in the first two years of a three year project granted from the Leonardo programme. The third year of the project is used to verify the training centres implementing the training programme as well as verifying the practical training centres, the veterinary practices, by an international committee.
VETNNET is the monitoring network in the development of this basic European training programme. This network was launched in November 1995 with the ultimate goal to achieve a concept of a European qualification for veterinary nurse training, which are the same aims as stated in the project proposal of the Leonardo Da Vinci submission of June in that year. The first members where the initial partners of the project. The network has extended to more than 19 members from 8 different EU-member states in less than two years. Amongst members are training institutes, certifying bodies, veterinary organisations and other interested parties. A newsletter, the official medium of the network, is issued every half year and sent to all members and various other institutes. The specific task of VETNNET in this project is to observe the progress in the project by bi-annual presentations of results in a meeting. And to assess the products. The extensive membership of institutes throughout Europe guarantees the applicability of the syllabus in Europe.
VETNNET is also the basis for extensive co-operation between institutes involved in veterinary nurse training. Various exchange programs have taken place already. Students can benefit by doing foreign studies or practical training in another country. The newsletter frequently reports about the actions through the network.
The achieved product is a basic European training programme with all minimum requirements for a assistant in a veterinary practice. The student is trained to a basic level in the most frequent tasks and is able to cope with the ethics and hazards involved in the work. The format of the training programme is modular and therefore allows integration with existing training for updates and extension. It also has possibilities of completion of an education in another institute in Europe.
SQA, the former Scotvec, is the first institute to officially award this basic training programme with a qualification to the ‘veterinary care assistant’. The project partners and the network members are very positive towards the future of veterinary nursing in Europe.

25 October 1997

Barneveld,

The Netherlands.



TABLE OF CONTENTS
General introduction to the syllabus.

I.1. Purpose of the syllabus 7

I.2. Structure of the syllabus 7

I.3. Module overview 8

I.4. Transferable units 8

I.5. Conclusion 8



Chapter 1: Units in the basic training programme. 9

1.1. Receptionist duties 10

1.2. Theatre techniques 11

1.3. Pharmacology 12

1.4. General nursing 13

1.5. Laboratory work 14

1.6. Anatomy and physiology 15

1.7. Reproduction 16

1.8. In patient care and hospital management 17

1.9. First aid 18

1.10. Diagnostic procedures 19

1.11. Structure of the profession and ethics 20

1.12. Occupational hazards, health and safety and care of equipment 21

1.13. Medical nursing and pathology 22



Chapter 2: Practical task lists. 23

2.1. Receptionist duties 24

2.2. Theatre techniques 25

2.3. Pharmacology 26

2.4. General nursing 27

2.5. Laboratory work 28

2.6. Anatomy and physiology 29

2.7. Reproduction 30

2.8. In patient care and hospital management 31

2.9. First aid 32

2.10. Diagnostic procedures 33

2.11. Structure of the profession and ethics 34

2.12. Occupational hazards, health and safety and care of equipment 35

2.13. Medical nursing and pathology 36



Chapter 3: Module descriptions. 37

Receptionist duties 38

Theatre techniques 43

Pharmacology 50

General nursing 56

Laboratory work 67

Anatomy and physiology 71

Reproduction 75

In patient care and hospital management 81

First aid 86

Diagnostic procedures 94

Structure of the profession and ethics 100

Occupational hazards, health and safety and care of equipment 107

Medical nursing and pathology. 112


Chapter 4: Worksheets for practical assessment. 115

Receptionist duties 116

Theatre techniques 124

Pharmacology 144

General nursing 148

Laboratory work 154

Anatomy and physiology

Reproduction 162

In patient care and hospital management 166

First aid 174

Diagnostic procedures 186

Structure of the profession and ethics 192

Occupational hazards, health and safety and care of equipment 194

Medical nursing and pathology. 20



0

ANNEX 20


2

GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO THE SYLLABUS
This syllabus contains the basic skill requirements for veterinary nurse training within the European Community. The establishment of this syllabus has been closely monitored by the UEVP as an external verifier and has been developed together with partners from the profession of veterinary nurses and veterinary surgeons. The results have been presented to several European veterinary and para-veterinary bodies as well as to training institutes from six member states of the European Community for assessment.

I.1. Purpose of the syllabus:
The purpose of the syllabus is to describe the basic level for veterinary nurse training which should be the same throughout Europe. The content was therefore also reviewed and advised by some European veterinary organisations. The basic level will facilitate the movement of students across the EU member states and it will create the possibility to enter training in other countries. The position of the veterinary nurse will be improved in Europe once this syllabus is adopted in many European institutes. Graduates from these institutes will find their way to work in Europe easier because the basic level throughout Europe is equal.
The Scottish Vocational Qualification institute (SQA, the former Scotvec) will award the basic level described in this syllabus with the title ‘veterinary care assistant’. It is proposed as an entry qualification to the official UK veterinary nurse training. The level is accomplishable for veterinary nurse training in most European countries.

I.2. Structure of the syllabus
The syllabus describes the content of the training in three levels:

- good working knowledge of the unit

- general overview of the unit

- exposed to the concepts of the unit.

How to achieve these levels is different for each country. Some countries may teach the greater part in college some may teach it for the greater part in the practice.
This syllabus consists of 13 modules. The format of the syllabus is modular following the Scotvec model. This format is a model for modular descriptions in more countries, as the Dutch modular descriptions have the same content but a different format. Each module is described in a module description concerning the training outcome and requirements for assessment and conclusion. The module descriptions are included in chapter 3 of this syllabus. Most modules contain a practical task list and proposed assessment criteria.
I.3. Module overview
In the table below all modules described in this syllabus are listed. For each module a suggested study load is indicated.





MODULE

STUDY-LOAD

1

receptionist duties

40

2

theatre techniques

40

3

pharmacology

20

4

general nursing

80

5

laboratory work

30

6

anatomy and physiology

80

7

reproduction

20

8

in patient care and hospital management

40

9

first aid

20

10

diagnostic procedures

20

11

structure of the profession and ethics

20

12

occupational hazards

health and safety

care of equipment


30

13

medical nursing and pathology

80



I.4. Transferable units
Some of the modules in this syllabus, and described in the above table, contain criteria that are different across Europe. These are the specific criteria concerning the laws applicable in the field of veterinary nursing. For these criteria a special transferable unit or module is to be made, which has parallel units for all countries that have a member in VETNNET. The transferable units will be described in a supplement. This supplement will be reviewed regularly to cover new countries involved or new laws applied in some countries.
I.5. Conclusion
Further work to refine chapter 2, 3 and 4 will be carried out over the next year. Methods of delivery, development of qualifications, verification procedures and details of the proposed delivery structure will be available over the next year


.


CHAPTER 1: MODULES AND LEVELS OF THE BASIC TRAINING PROGRAMME

1.1. Module 1: Receptionist duties.





RECEPTIONIST DUTIES





Good working knowledge

General overview at this level

Exposed to concepts

Maintaining manual & computerised client & case records.


Word processing, book keeping, practice economics.




Making appointments & maintain appointment schedules.








Dealing with routine correspondence.


Relations with other employees in the practice.




Dealing with pet health insurance, invoice & payment procedures, filing.


Discharge medical & surgical inpatients.




Answering the telephone.








Maintaining client relations

& dealing with clients.



Bereavement counselling.




Preparing & pricing for services supplied.


Stock control of drugs & other practice consumables using manual & electronic systems.




STUDY LOAD: 40 hours



1.2. Module 2: Theatre techniques.






THEATRE TECHNIQUES





Good working knowledge

General overview at this level

Exposed to concepts

Aseptic preparation of surgical team.








Preparing & handling sterile instruments & materials.


Assisting the veterinary surgeon during surgical operations.




Identification, nomenclature and use of surgical instruments & equipment for routine operative procedures.


Selecting instruments suitable for routine operations.


Instruments for specialised procedures.

Preparing animals for examination, treatment & surgery.


Use of electrocautery.




Assist the veterinary surgeon in providing pre/intra/post operative care.







Use of anaesthetic equipment & anaesthetic monitoring equipment.







The principles of different types of anaesthesia, analgesia.


Supervision & monitoring of anaesthesia.

Drugs used in anaesthesia & analgesia.

Reasons & rational for choice of anaesthetic.



Application of dental hygiene.

Use of dental equipment, powered & non powered.



Assisting with dental therapy.

Application of dental prophylaxis.






Different types & uses of suture & other implanted material.






STUDY LOAD : 40 hours



1.3. Module 3: Pharmacology.





PHARMACOLOGY





Good working knowledge

General overview at this level

Exposed to concepts

Types of commonly used:

medicines

vaccines

drugs.



Modes of action of:

medicines, vaccines, drugs

Types and modes of action of serum, adjuvant.





Categories of medicinal substances & restrictions which apply to each category.




Drug withdrawal times for food producing animals.

Basic pharmacy.


Pharmakinetics.




Administration of oral medicines & drugs.

Administration of injectable medicines & drugs.

Effects & side effects of commonly used groups of medicines.

Common problems associated with the administration of medicines.



Recognition of common side effects associated with the administration of medicines.



STUDY LOAD : 20 hours



1.4. Module 4: General nursing.






GENERAL NURSING





Good working knowledge

General overview at this level

Exposed to concepts

Major breeds of species kept as pets.







Principles & application of disinfection & asepsis.







Principles of disease prevention & vaccinations available for animals commonly kept as pets.








Nutritional management of animals commonly kept as pets.


Effects of nutrition on disease.

Nutritional management of disease.






Taking & recording pulse, temperature and respiratory rate. Normal values for these parameters for different species.


Taking & recording of case histories.




Care, normal & abnormal behaviour of animals commonly kept as pets.


Communication of details of cases & treatment to owners.




Disinfection of premises & equipment commonly used in veterinary practice.







Care and use of basic equipment in the veterinary surgery.








Systems of animal identification.








Veterinary terminology including abbreviations.







Common zoonoses in both animals & man.


Signs & management of common zoonoses in animals & man.





Calming & restraining animals for examination & treatment.








STUDY LOAD: 80 hours



1.5. Module 5: Laboratory work.






LABORATORY WORK





Good working knowledge

General overview at this level

Exposed to concepts

Assisting in the collection & preparation of samples.


Methods of collection of samples.




Dispatching samples to other laboratories in accordance with any regulations in the country of employment.


Preparation of the following materials for examination: skin scrapings, blood, urine, faeces.

Simple microbiological examinations.

Type, function & safety aspects of common laboratory equipment.


Use of automated analysers, microscope, centrifuge other common lab equipment.

Use of quality assurance schemes for lab equipment.

Keeping laboratory records.


Laboratory results analysis.



STUDY LOAD: 30 hours





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