Essential Question InspirEd Unit: Pages/Notes



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Unit 1: Human Geography


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

How do physical features create regions?

** See notes

**Though not addressed in 1 particular lesson, the study of each civilization begins with an examination of geography - its region, climate, landforms, etc.

How does a location of a region influence its climate?

How do environmental factors affect where people choose to live?

4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



15-19 (why people settle where they do; how does it impact a civilization?)

How can maps, charts, and graphs be used to represent features of physical geography?

“What is Geography?”

add-on lessons




“What’s It All About?” -

(difference between physical and cultural geography)



How can maps, charts, and graphs be used to represent features of human geography?

How do environmental factors influence the

ways that human societies organize themselves?



4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



31-34 (research a civilization to determine how environment and other factors impact a civilization)

What features define a group of people as a

civilization?



4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



10-14 (characteristics of a civilization) Also use the chart on pgs. 8-9 to record examples of characteristics over Units 3-7)

How do civilizations maintain political order?

4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



35-38 (government/law)

44-49 (social order/hierarchy)



How do civilizations help people to get what they need and want?

4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



50-55 (barter and trade)




Extra Content Lessons Pertaining to Ancient Civilizations (for intro unit):

Geographical Theme - Human Environmental Interaction

“What is Geography?”

add-on lessons




“Changing Places”

Geographical Theme - Movement

“What is Geography?”

add-on lessons




“Let’s Move”

Role of religion in development of civilization (basic concept - not specific to one specific civilization)

4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



56-60 (religion comes from a need to explain the world; students research to compare and contrast a myth from 2 different ancient civilizations)

Importance of culture and traditions in a civilization (basic concept - not specific to one specific civilization)

4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



61-64 (research gender roles, family, marriage, homes, entertainment, social classes, etc.)

Development of language

4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



65-69 (compare languages over several civilizations - students determine if each is pictographic, syllabic or alphabetic)

What can we learn from ancient cultures from artifacts?

4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



70-75 (examine artifacts from Indus Valley, Mesopotamia, Egypt, China - Shang and Qin- Greece and Rome to make inferences)

What causes civilizations to decline and fall?

4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



82-86 (warm up examines the Shang, students write a short story based on decline and fall of a civilization


Unit 2: Early Humans


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

What are the markers of change over time in the development of prehistoric man?

4100 - Pre-Colonial Africa

16-20 (discoveries of Leakeys and Donald Johanson - discuss prehistoric man/artifacts/etc.)

How did life in the Neolithic period compare to life in the Paleolithic period?

4100 - Pre-Colonial Africa

30-34 (compare and contrast Paleolithic Era and Neolithic Era)


How were tools/artifacts used by Neolithic man

more advanced than those used by Paleolithic man?



What inventions made it possible for man to

farm?


How did the invention of agriculture relate to the

beginning of civilization?



**4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



**31-34 (this lesson pertains to lesson 1 but agricultural revolution is discussed in lesson warm-up)

What are the characteristics of a civilization?

**4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



**10-14 (same question as in Unit 1 - characteristics of a civilization) Also use the chart on pgs. 8-9 to record examples of characteristics over Units 3-7)

What resources do people NEED in order to survive?

**4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



**15-19 (lesson warm-up answers this question - this lesson used in Unit 1)

How would the scarcity of resources affect how

and where people live?



4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



24-30 (how and why civilizations experience scarcity)

Why was Mesopotamia one of the earliest areas of settlement in world history?

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

8-12 (geography and settlement)

How did the city-states of Mesopotamia use written language in the organization of their societies?

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

19-24 (also compares to language of ancient China and India)


Why do groups of people need laws?

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia


41-48 (Hammurabi’s Code)

How do the laws of Hammurabi compare to

our laws today?





Unit 3: Ancient China


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

How did Chinese geography influence China’s relationship with the rest of the world?

4103 - Ancient Asia

74-78 (lesson focus is the Silk Road but also discusses relations with Rome and shows map of interactions with Africa, Middle East and Europe)

How did Chinese rivers positively and negatively affect early Chinese civilizations?

4103 - Ancient Asia *

4109 - Middle Ages Asia *



** Ancient and Middle Ages China lessons listed here and in Unit 11 address the importance of rivers, flooding, irrigation projects, etc.

How does specialization develop in society?

4201 - Characteristics of Civilization

39-43 (addresses basic concept of specialization of labor and how it leads to social hierarchy - can be applied to Ancient China)

How did the development of trade goods in Neolithic China reflect the needs of Neolithic society?







How did the flooding of the Yellow River affect

the history of the Xia Dynasty?



4103 - Ancient Asia

46-50 (Xia Dynasty)

How did Xia success at controlling the floods of

the Yellow River affect Chinese civilization?



How did natural resources affect the achievements of the Shang Dynasty?

4201 - Characteristics of Civilization

76-81 (survey of achievements of several ancient civilizations including Shang, Harappa, Sumerians, Egypt, etc.

How do innovations and technologies influence

society?


4103 - Ancient Asia

79-83 (mini persuasive project over Ancient Chinese contributions)

How did the Mandate of Heaven develop?

4103 - Ancient Asia

57-62 (Mandate of Heaven, dynastic cycle, Confucian teachings in government)

How did geography impact conflicts between kings and nobles under the Zhou dynasty?







How did Confucianism and Daoism create order

in ancient China?



4103 - Ancient Asia

51-56 (Confucianism and Daoism)


Unit 4: Ancient India


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

How did the geography of the Indian subcontinent isolate India from the rest of the world?

4103 - Ancient Asia


8-14 (geography, culture, government, achievement, etc. of Harappan Civilization)

How did the isolation of the Indus Valley affect the culture of the Harappan civilization?

How did the needs and values of the Harappans

influence their achievements?



How did geography and culture influence the Aryans’ ability to conquer the Harappans?

4103 - Ancient Asia

15-19 (Aryan Invasion and Vedic Age)

How did the Aryan conquest of the Harappan civilization

change the culture of northern India?




Extra Content Lessons Pertaining to Ancient India:

***Cultural Achievements of Ancient India

4103 - Ancient Asia

42-45 (Internet research project of achievements of Harappan, Aryan and Mauryan civilizations)




















Unit 5: Egypt and Mesopotamia


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

What are the major geographic features of ancient Egypt?

4102 - Ancient Egypt

8-11 and 12-16 (importance of the Nile River, kingdoms along the river, etc.)

How did the geography of ancient Egypt affect the culture of the ancient Egyptians?

What were the religious beliefs and practices of

the ancient Egyptians?



4102 - Ancient Egypt

28-33 (life and afterlife)

What were the major achievements of the ancient Egyptians?

4102 - Ancient Egypt

51-54 (hieroglyphics)

How did architecture and other achievements reflect the religious values of ancient Egypt?

4102 - Ancient Egypt

34-39 (mummification)

40-45 (tombs/pyramids)



How did technology cause ancient Egypt to gain and lose power?

4102 - Ancient Egypt

21-27 (overview of periods of history, pharaohs, accomplishment sand setbacks, etc.)

How did invasions cause Egyptian culture to change?

4102 - Ancient Egypt

81-86 (Cleopatra and Roman conquest)

What were the major achievements of the Ptolemaic dynasties in Egypt?

4102 - Ancient Egypt

17-20 (overview of rulers, research lesson that can be used to target this time period and its rulers)

How and why do powerful civilizations sometimes form

empires?


4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

34-40 (Sargon and Hammurabi, compare empires, etc.)

How did Sargon and Hammurabi create and strengthen the Akkadian empire?

How did empires after Akkadia—the Hittites, Assyria, the NeoBabylonians, Persia—rise and fall?

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

78-82 (Assyrians)

83-86 (Persians)



How did the culture of Mesopotamia change as

different empires gained and lost power?




4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

87-91 (research project)




Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:


Extra Content Lessons Pertaining to Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt:

*** Creation stories

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

13-18 (compare and contrast stories from Mesopotamia, Islam and the Old Testament)

***Ancient Sumer

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

25-33 (geography, culture, achievement of Ancient Sumer)

*** Hanging Gardens of Babylon

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

49-54 (wonders of the ancient world, history mystery of hanging gardens)

***Phoenicians

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

55-59 (ancient trade)

*** Daily Life in Mesopotamia

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

60-63 (diet, customs, family life, etc.)

***Mythology of Mesopotamia

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

64-66 (mythology of Ancient Mesopotamia)

*** King Tut

4102 - Ancient Egypt

46-50 (artifacts, King Tut’s tomb)

*** Daily life in Ancient Egypt

4102 - Ancient Egypt

59-66 (diet, homes, clothing, etc)

*** Trade in Ancient Egypt

4102 - Ancient Egypt

67-74 (local market)

75-80 (foreign trade)



*** Ancient Egypt Project

4102 - Ancient Egypt

87-90 (cumulative project for Ancient Egypt unit)



Unit 6: Ancient Greece



Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

What are the major physical features of Greece?

4104 - Ancient Greece


8-13 (geography, climate, landforms, how different parts of Greece were isolated from each other)


How did the geography of Greece isolate developing city-states?

How do physical features affect economy?

4104 - Ancient Greece


33-36 (how Greece “made do” with the resources they had - limited farmland, etc. - and trade)


What did Greece need to develop a system of money?

How did city-states develop politically?

4104 - Ancient Greece

23-26 (students research a city-state to compare and contrast to others)


How did Greek government evolve from a monarchy to a democracy?

4104 - Ancient Greece


27-32 (development of democracy in Greece, how the government was structured, rights and responsibilities of citizens, compare and contrast to the U.S.)

What are the characteristics of a democracy?

What are the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a society?

Who was a citizen in Athens and what were their rights and responsibilities?

What are the cultural characteristics of Ancient Greece?

4104 - Ancient Greece

44-47 (literature)

48-53 (philosophy)

54-56 (mythology)

57-62 (Olympics)

63-67 (architecture)

86-89 (culture project)





How did Alexander the Great unify Greece?

4104 - Ancient Greece


82-85 (unification under Alexander the Great, building of an empire, achievements, preservation of Greek culture, legacy)

How did the conquests of Alexander the Great spread Greek culture?

Why did Alexander the Great’s empire not last?

Extra Content Lessons Pertaining to Ancient Greece:

*** Persian Wars and Golden Age

4104- Ancient Greece

37-43 (causes, events, outcomes; includes story of the “marathon” and Pericles)

*** More Achievements of the Ancient Greeks

4104- Ancient Greece

68-72 (medicine, math, etc.)

*** Peloponnesian Wars

4104- Ancient Greece

73-79 (includes description of Spartan soldiers and causes/events/outcomes)


Unit 7: Ancient Rome


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

How does the myth of Remus and Romulus explain the foundation of Rome?

4105 - Ancient Rome

8-13 (myth of Romulus and Remus, geography, early settlers)

Why did the Romans settle around the Tiber River?

What are the characteristics of a republic government and

how was it structured?



4105 - Ancient Rome

19-23 (structure of Roman Republic)


How did the republic turn into an empire and what are the

characteristics of the empire?



4105 - Ancient Rome

44-48 (Julius Caesar)

49-55 (Augustus, shift to empire, various emperors)




What are the cultural characteristics of ancient Rome?

4105 - Ancient Rome

24-22 (social classes, language, mythology, entertainment, architecture)

What are the main tenants of Judaism?

4101 - Ancient Mesopotamia

67-72 (founding)

73-78 (tenants)



How was Christianity started and what are the main tenants?

4105 - Ancient Rome


69-73 (tenants, spread, effect on empire, role of Constantine, etc.)

How did Christianity spread?

How did the rise of Christianity affect the Roman empire?

What was Constantine’s role in the rise of Christianity?

How do Christianity align and differ?

** see notes

**Students will be able to create a Venn diagram with information from lessons aligning to previous 2 essential questions


Why was the Roman empire able to expand over such a large area?

4105 - Ancient Rome

56-60 (military)

64-68 (Roman Roads/trade)



How did Rome maintain power over its colonies?

What are the internal factors that led to the fall of Rome?

4105 - Ancient Rome

74-79 (internal decline)

80-84 (external invasions and last-ditch efforts)



What are the internal factors that led to the fall of Rome?


Extra Content Lessons Pertaining to Ancient Rome:


***Roman law

4105 - Ancient Rome

34-37 (12 Tables)

*** Punic Wars

4105 - Ancient Rome

38-43

*** Other contributions/achievements

4105 - Ancient Rome

60-63 (engineering, city-planning, arts, etc.)

85-89 (project - enduring legacy and contributions)





Unit 8: Islam and Muslim Empire


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

How did the people adapt to their desert environment?

4201 - Characteristics

of Civilization



20-23 (introduces the basic concept of “adaptation” then this can be extended to specifics about desert cultures)

How did Islam start?

4109 - Middle Ages Asia

15-20 (Muhammad, founding of Islam, some reference to major tenants. Other references made throughout lessons in this unit)

What are the major tenants of Islam?

What are the aspects of Muslim culture?

4109 - Middle Ages Asia

31-36 (Sharia and Muslim Law and society)

How did Islam shape political thought in Muslim communities?

How did ideas about succession lead to political division?

4109 - Middle Ages Asia

23 (a chronology included in growth of Muslim Empire lesson includes information about split)

How do the rights and responsibilities of Muslim

citizens compare to those of Greece and Rome?



4109 - Middle Ages Asia

31-36 (Sharia and Muslim Law and society)

How did Muslim dynasties grow wealthy?

4109 - Middle Ages Asia

21-26 (growth of Muslim Empire)

How did trade impact the cultural influence of the

Abbasid Dynasty?



4109 - Middle Ages Asia

27-30 (Abbasid dynasty; rise, fall, contributions)

What caused the Abbasid Dynasty to fall?

How did the Arab culture influence our culture today?

4109 - Middle Ages Asia

37-43 (contributions of Muslim Empire including Arabic, innovation, literature, etc.)



Unit 9: Culture and Kingdoms of Africa


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

What are the geographical features of Africa?

4100 - Pre Colonial Africa

9-15 (geography, tribal creation stories)


How did the geographical features affect the settlement

and movement of people in Africa?



4100 - Pre Colonial Africa

35-42 (rotation activity providing an overview of rise/fall, history, contributions, etc. of:

  • Nubia

  • Nok people (Nigeria)

  • Bantu Migrations

  • Congo

  • Axum (Ethiopia)

Why did Bantu-speaking people first settle along the Niger River?

How did the Bantu-speaking people prosper economically?

Why did the Bantu migrate to the southeastern coast of

Africa?


How did Bantu cultural expressions reflect their way

of life?


How did Axum control trade in East Africa?

How did Zimbabwe use taxation to build wealth?

4100 - Pre Colonial Africa

82-87 (overview of eastern Swahili trading kingdoms, including Great Zimbabwe)

How did Arab trade influence the development of trading

city-states in East Africa?



How did Ghana gain power in West Africa?

4100 - Pre Colonial Africa

71-75 (mineral wealth)

76-81 (west Africa trade kingdoms - Ghana, Mali, Songhay)





How did the spread of Islam influence West African

kingdoms?



How did the control of resources lead to control of

trade routes in West African civilizations?





Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:


Extra Content Lessons for Pre-Colonial Africa


*** Early hunter-gatherers

4100 - Pre Colonial Africa

26-29 (Blombos cave excavation and findings)

*** Egypt and Kush

4100 - Pre Colonial Africa

47-51 (compare and contrast the two civilizations)

*** Hannibal and Carthage

4100 - Pre Colonial Africa

57-62 (primary source lesson)

*** artifacts and archeology

4100 - Pre Colonial Africa

63-65 (research lesson, create a dig site map)

*** Ancient Africa project

4100 - Pre Colonial Africa

88-91



Unit 10: Classical India


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

How did Hinduism reflect the culture of the Aryans?

4103 - Ancient Asia

20-25 (Hinduism: founding, deities, basic beliefs, etc.)

What are the main beliefs and practices of the Hindu

religion?



What was the social structure set up by the Caste system?

4103 - Ancient Asia

26-30 (Caste system, social structure, untouchables)

What was the quality of life like for members of each caste and the untouchables?

Why did people accept their place within the

Caste system?



What events prompted Prince Gautama to search for truth?

4103 - Ancient Asia

31-35 (Buddha and Hinduism: teachings, comparing and contrasting Hinduism and Buddhism)

What are the main teachings of Buddhism?

How do Hinduism and Buddhism differ?

What role did Emperor Asoka have in the spread

of Buddhism in Asia?



4103 - Ancient Asia

36-41 (Ashoka and the Mauryan Empire: growth, spread of Buddhism)

How did the strong economy of the Gupta empire lead to the Golden Age of India?

4109 - Middle Ages Asia

80-87 Gupta rise, rule and fall; accomplishments, etc.)

What were the major achievements of the Gupta Empire?

What are the lasting legacies of the Golden Age

of India?





Unit 11: Imperial China


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

How did control over resources give power to

groups and establish a social structure?



4103 - Ancient Asia

46-50 (early rulers, ancient river civilizations)

How did legalism influence the Qin Dynasty?

4103 - Ancient Asia

63-68 (Great Wall, legalism and other contributions of the Qin Dynasty)

What were some of the great accomplishments of the Qin Dynasty?

How did Confucianism change government beginning in the Han Dynasty?

4103 - Ancient Asia

69-73 (accomplishments, contributions and rule of the Han Dynasty including social structure and adoption of Confucianism in government)

How did Confucianism influence the social structure of the Han Dynasty?

What were some of the great accomplishments of the Han Dynasty?

Why was silk important to the Chinese economy?

4103 - Ancient Asia

74-78 (Silk Road and ancient Asian trade)

What was the Silk Road and how did it affect Chinese society and the world?

Why is the Great Wall so important to the Chinese?

4103 - Ancient Asia

63-68 (building the Great Wall)

How did the Tang and Song Dynasties help create the Golden Age of China?

4109 - Middle Ages Asia

44-54 (Tang and Song)

55-58 (Golden Age society, achievement, etc.)



How did China change as a result of Mongol

invasion?



4109 - Middle Ages Asia

59-63 (Ghengis Khan, Mongol invasion, Yuan rule)

Unit 12: Feudal Japan


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

How have the physical features of Japan influenced

the development of Japanese culture?



4109 - Middle Ages Asia


64 - 68 (feudal pyramid, how feudalism emerged in Japan, classes in feudal society)
69 - 73 (warring over limited land, need for protection from invaders, 1st shogun, rise and fall of feudal families and their contributions)
74 - 79 (Shinto, Confucian and Buddhist influences, Bushido, kamikaze warriors, Mongol invasions)

How did the geography of Japan create a reverence for

nature?


What are the basic beliefs of Shintoism?

How did Shintoism affect family structure and

Japanese traditions?



How did control of resources influence the social structure

of Japan?



How did a feudal social structure impact the lives of the Japanese people?

How did conflict over resources affect control of power?



Unit 13: Medieval Europe


Essential Question

InspirEd Unit:

Pages/Notes:

What were the causes and effects of Viking invasions?

4108 - Medieval Europe

8-12 (Germanic invasions)

41-44 (Viking invasions)



How did the value of land lead to the creation of the feudal system?

4108 - Medieval Europe


13-19 (manor system)

20-26 (feudalism)

27-33 (knights)


What were the roles of the feudal system and why did they accept those roles?

How did the feudal system affect quality of life for people in each class?

How did the Magna Carta influence change in the quality of life?

4108 - Medieval Europe

45-50 (also includes William the Conqueror/Battle of Hastings)

How would the feudal system compare to modern society?

4108 - Medieval Europe

61-65 (trade fairs)

66-70 (Medieval towns)

77-84 (literature, schools, hospitals, entertainment, merchant guilds)


What was the role of the church and why was it so powerful?

4108 - Medieval Europe


34-40 (power and wealth of the Church, power of the Popes, how the Church unified Medieval society, etc. Also compares the power of the Church with that of the Holy Roman Empire)

What influence did the church have on the different classes?

How did the Pope use his resources to influence the king?

What issues created conflict between the church and state?

What impact did the church have on cultural expression?

4108 - Medieval Europe

71-76 (Romanesque and Gothic art and architecture)

What were the causes of the Crusades?

4108 - Medieval Europe

51-55 (causes, main events and outcomes of the Crusades)

56-60 (examines the legend of the Children’s Crusade of 1212)



What were the effects of the Crusades?

How did the increased global contact through trade foster the spread of the Black Death?

4108 - Medieval Europe

85-89 (Black Death)



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