20) People under age 18 account for about ________ percent of all arrests in the United States. 20) ______
A) 10 B) 30 C) 40 D) 20
21) All of the following are psychological explanations of crime, except: 21) ______
A) Social learning and reinforcement are important factors in determining who will commit delinquent or criminal acts.
B) People with lower intelligence scores are more likely to commit crimes than people with higher intelligence scores.
C) Ectomorphs, who are thin, wiry, sensitive, and introverted, are more prone toward certain types of delinquency and criminal behavior than other people.
D) Individuals who commit crimes may have abnormal personality traits.
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.
22) Primary deviance occurs when a person is labeled as a deviant and accepts that new identity. 22) ______
23) Seeking to reduce criminal activity by instilling fear of punishment is known as: 23) ______
A) deterrence. B) retribution.
C) rehabilitation. D) social protection.