Era of Good Feelings

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1789 - 1848 New Nation, War of 1812, Era of Good Feelings,

Jacksonian Democracy, Manifest Destiny, Reform Movements

1. 1st Pres- Washington, VP- J. Adams : 1789 N.Y. City, 1793 Philadelphia

2. Cabinet created State- Jefferson, Treasury- A. Hamilton, War- H. Knox
3. differences between Hamilton and Jefferson and followers lead to first two

political parties

4. Hamilton- Federalists : Jefferson- Democrat-Republicans

5. Opposing views: size of Federal govt. vs. states rights,

merchants vs. farmers, laissez faire vs. strong government intervention

elite rule vs. more democracy, support for Fr. Rev. or Britain

6. debate over creating First Bank of the United States,

strict & loose construction of Constitution, laissez faire or aid to merchants

elastic clause. implied powers
7. Whiskey Tax- 1794 rebellion geographic effect on partisan politics

8. 1793 during French Revolution Edmond Genet visit, seeking military assistance

Washington proclaims neutrality, leads to strained relations with France
9. Jays Treaty 1794, Great Lakes forts evacuated, British naval interference not settled
10. Pinckney's Treaty 1795, New Orleans Port 3 years. Yazoo strip Florida
11. 1796 presidential election results,
12. 1797 Washington Farewell Address
13. XYZ affair, Marshall, Gerry , Pinckney, C. Tallyrand, leads to undeclared naval war

with France 1797 not concluded till the Convention of 1800 with Napoleon

14. Alien & Sedition Acts 1798 partisan political weapon (protest during wartime)
15. Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions, state interposition, doctrine of nullification
16. John Adams, Judiciary Act of 1801, Midnight Judges (Marbury vs. Madison)

17. 1800 presidential election results , VP Burr tie with Jefferson

18. change in political philosophy and more casual presidential manner.

Cabinet- Madison, Albert Gallatin,

19. 1803 Marbury vs. Madison, Marshall- Judicial Review
20. 1800 Napoleon takes Louisiana from Spain, New Orleans port closed
21. Jefferson attempts purchase of city, Livingston & Monroe $2-10 M

Revolt in Haiti - T. L'Overture, Napoleon counter offer $15 M

20. Jefferson considers pro/con (loose Construction?) 1803 treaty with France
21. Lewis & Clark exploration 1804-6 seeking Missouri River source guide - Sacajawea

Zebulon Pike searched for Arkansas and Red Rivers sources 1806 Louisiana

western natural boundaries.
War of 1812
22. British & French violate U.S. maritime rights, sailor impressments
23. 1805 battles of Trafalgar and Austerlitz solidify British and French spheres

24. 1807 BR -Orders in Council, FR- Continental System (Berlin & Milan decrees)

25. 1807 Embargo act, 1809 Non-Intercourse Act, 1810 MACONS Bill#2

Impact on New England opinion and electoral votes in 1812 election

25. BR arming of Native-Americans in the NW territory, War Hawks in Congress

Henry Clay, John C Calhoun, Daniel Webster, Wm H. Harrison- Tippecanoe 1811

26. American forces under-prepared, most battles losses except for New Orleans

Andrew Jackson - Jan 1815

27. Treaty of Ghent 1814 Belgium - antebellum status Quo
28. Hartford Convention 1814
29. Francis Scott Key , Fort McHenry MD, White House Burned

after effects of the war

30. Growth in Nationalism- cultural, economic policies, geographic- westward migration

31. 1816 protective tariff, 2nd National Bank chartered (first bank expired 1811)
32. John Marshall court- Fletcher Vs. Peck 1810, McCulloch vs. MD 1819, Dartmouth

Vs. Woodward 1819, Gibbens vs. Ogden 1824

33. Elections 1816 and 1820 Monroe - cabinet , JQ Adams, Calhoun, Crawford
34. JQA - defined defended and expanded American territorial interests
35. Rush-Bagot 1817 Great lakes, Convention of 1818, 1818 joint occupation of

Oregon with Britain ,

36. Adams-Onis 1819, Jackson in Florida,
37. Monroe Doctrine December 1823, G. Canning and B. Rush
38. Talmadge Amendment to Missouri Statehood.
39. Missouri Compromise 1820, Maine, 36 degrees 30 minutes ban on slavery La.


40. 1824 elections- 4 candidates -Clay, Jackson, Crawford JQ Adams,

JQA victory over Jackson despite no clear majority electoral votes

House vote, leads to split of Clay-Corrupt Bargain split of Dem-Rep party
41. Democrats- Jackson, JC Calhoun, Van Buren,

Nat-Rep (later Whigs)- JQA, H. Clay. D. Webster

42. 1828 tariff of Abominations, S.C. -Exposition & Protest (Calhoun) nullification
43. 1828 Jackson election (revolution?), "Jacksonian Democracy," political changes:
A) state local offices elected rather than appointed

B) relaxed voting qualifications (property and church membership)

C) presidential electors move from state legislature chosen to popular vote

“winner take all” plurality of state popular vote, winner of the “several states”

D) presidential candidate selection move from caucus to convention method

E) political parties move to recruit and appeal to common man voters

F) spoils system rewarded party workers with patronage (federal employment)
44. Jackson style of strong presidential authority. Spoils system, vetoes, Whig Party

name in response to “King Andrew I”

45. Social reforms of 1830’-1840’s (discussed later)
46. Peggy Eaton Affair, Calhoun vs. M. Van Buren, rejection of embassy appointment
47. Crawford letter (about Jackson incursion into Florida 1817

48. Calhoun leads S.C. struggle against 1828 tariff,

49. 1832 tariff still too high, nullification implemented S.C., Calhoun resigns Vice Pres.
50. Jackson Force Bill Feb. 1833, Clay Compromise tariff Feb. 1833
51. Clay attempts early bill to recharter 2nd Nat. Bank 1832,

presidential election issue, Jackson vetoes recharter

52. 1832 election Clay - Nat. Rep, Jackson - Democrat, (Dem. -VP Van Buren)

Antimason - Wm. Wirt, first 3rd party candidate

53. 1834 Whig coalition (party) combines Nat-Rep elements with Jackson haters

Both sides claim to appeal to common man

54. N. Biddle tightens credit to initiate veto reversal. Leads to Jackson removal of

funds to "Pet Banks," triggers land speculative boom and inflation

55. Species Circular- Panic of 1837 effect on Van Buren after 1836 election
56. 1836 election, Van Buren vs. four Whigs
57. 1840 election Van Buren vs. Wm Henry Harrison "Tippecanoe & Tyler Too"

early death of Harrison , Tyler ascends to the presidency. (Tecumseh curse)

58. 1842 Webster-Ashburton treaty British-American jurisdictional disputes, slave trade

and boundaries between Canada and the U.S., Aroostook war, Amistad

Manifest Destiny (Westward Expansion)
59. 1820's American migration-Texas, Mexican restrictions defied by Texans
60. revolt 1836, Alamo, San Jacinto, Santa Anna, Sam Houston
61. annexation delayed 9 years over slave/free state disputes and fear of war
62. annexed 1845 by joint sessions of Congress (Feb. & Dec.) boundary dispute

With Mexico over the Rio Grande or Nueces rivers

63. "Manifest Destiny” fever effect on 1844 presidential election Polk slogans,

“54 ’ 40 or fight” and “the reoccupation of Oregon & and the re-annexation of

Texas” (slight against JQ Adams, a founder of the Whig Party.)
64. Attempt to settle Texas boundary and buy California fails with rejection of the

John Slidell mission

65. Z. Taylor stationed in disputed area between rivers leads to Mexican War 1846-48
66. Lincoln- "Spot Resolution" Thoreau- refusal to pay poll tax to protest the advance

of slaveocracy "Civil Disobedience"

67. Winfield Scott takes Mexico City, 1847, Nicholas. Trist negotiates treaty

1848 Guadalupe Hidalgo -$ 15 Mill. Mexican Cession, Rio Grande Border Texas

68. discovery of Gold, Sacramento, Calif., John Sutter's Mill Sacramento in 1848,

49’ers gold rush

69. Election of 1848 Taylor vs. Cass - Squatter Sovereignty, Free Soil Party - Van Buren
Abolitionism - Gradualist vs. immediate emancipators (preachers and publishers)
70. Am ,Colonization Society - southern states, 1820's, creation of Liberia
71. Wm Lloyd Garrison 1831 The Liberator, Frederick Douglass- North Star 1847
72 Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, Grimke sisters, Theodore D. Weld
73. Southern arguments defending the "peculiar institution"
74. 1831 Nat Turner Rebellion triggers Slave Codes throughout the South
75. 1848 Seneca Falls Convention-Eliz. Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott

Declaration of Sentiments (links between abolition and women’s rights)

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