Era 1 - Exploration and Colonization (1492-1763) These objectives correlate to chapters 1, 2, and 3 in the American Vision, Vol. 1 textbook. COS 10:1 - Contrast effects of economic, geographic, social, and political conditions before and after European explorations of the fifteenth through seventeenth centuries on Europeans, American colonists, and indigenous Americans. (pp. 12-25, 30-44, 50-81, 86-90, 98-99)
T. Summarize why English colonies succeeded. (pp. 76-77)
U. Describe the Southern economy and the plantation system. (pp. 84-86)
V. Outline the development of slavery in the South. (pp. 89-90)
W. List the geographical conditions that determined the economy of the New England colonies. (pp. 91-93)
X. Summarize how life in the Middle Colonies differed from life in the New England colonies. (pp. 93-97)
Y. Explain how the Glorious Revolution in England affected colonists. (pp. 100-102)
Z. Explain how the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening affected the colonies. (pp. 108-109) ERA 1 - Essential Questions
1. What "discoveries" were made in America before 1600? Which of these led to colonization and which did not? What contributed to the success of these colonization efforts?
2. What did the Indian cultures contribute to the Europeans, and why, despite these contributions, did the invaders still think of the Native Americans as savages?
3. In what ways were the Spanish and English motives for colonization different? similar? How were these motives reflected in the organization of the colonies they established?
4. European colonization has often been said to have been motivated by "gold, God, and glory." Assess this interpretation of the motives behind the European colonization of America.
5. The arrival of Europeans in America resulted in a complex interaction of cultures. Explain how this interaction was harmful and/or beneficial to both Europeans and Native Americans.
6. How did the changes of the Virginia colony between 1607 and 1625 reveal the impact of New World conditions on English aims and expectations? How did the Virginia colonists adjust to American circumstances, and what sort of society developed as a result?
7. What do the causes of Bacon’s Rebellion suggest about the sociopolitical system of Virginia in the 1670s? Why was Bacon considered a hero by some and a traitor by others? What impact did the outcome of the “rebellion” have on Virginia politics?
8. How did the goals of the colonists settling in Massachusetts Bay differ from those of the Virginia colonists? How and why did these goals change in the first fifty years of the colony? How did opponents of these changes respond?
9. How did England apply the principles of mercantilism to its North American colonies, and how did the various colonial interests respond? What part did Spain’s American colonies play in English efforts?
10. Between 1660 and 1700, the American colonies were shaken by a series of “revolts,” of which Bacon’s Rebellion was only one. Compare and contrast the protests that took place in Maryland, Massachusetts, New York, and Virginia, paying special attention to the internal divisions that helped spark the outbursts. What evidence do you find to suggest that what occurred was the result of tensions in colonial society?
11. How and why did the institution of slavery begin and develop in colonial America?
12. Compare and contrast the economy of the Northern colonies with that of the Southern colonies. What made the two regions develop as they did? How did these economic systems reflect social systems emerging at the same time?
13. How did the New England witchcraft episode reflect tensions in Puritan society? What were local officials trying to accomplish in bringing "witches" to trial?
14. What were the reasons for the revival movement known as the Great Awakening? What doctrines were preached by the ministers involved? How did colonists respond? What was the revival's impact on colonial life?
Chapter 1: Converging Cultures (pp. 10-47)
I. The Migration to America (pp. 12-17)
A. The Asian Migration to America (pp. 12-13)
*How do scientists determine the origins of ancient people?