Eoct literary Periods review a literary period

-Revolutionary Period and Nationalism, 1750–1815

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-Revolutionary Period and Nationalism, 1750–1815. During this period, American writers focused on explaining and justifying the Revolution. Political writings by Thomas Paine, Benjamin Franklin, and Thomas Jefferson belong to this time period. With the

Revolution behind them, Americans found time to ponder what it really meant to be American. An even greater focus on nationalism, patriotism, and American identity arose following the War of 1812, which removed the last British troops from North America.

-Romanticism and Transcendentalism, 1800–1855. Romanticism was a philosophical attitude that developed in reaction to previous decades in which reason and rational thought dominated. Writers celebrated individualism, nature, imagination, creativity, and

emotions. As Americans expanded westward, the rebellious spirit of Romanticism guided them, and as Eastern cities such as Boston and New York became centers of intellectual thought and culture, the romantic ideal inspired them to ask questions and pursue lively

philosophical debates. The philosophy of Transcendentalism, exemplified by Ralph Waldo Emerson, eventually evolved; it stressed respect for the individual and the intuitive pursuit of a greater truth. Writers from this period include Washington Irving, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Herman Melville, Walt Whitman, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Henry David Thoreau.

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