Articles, news reports and Items of interest: email@example.com Issue 18 http://groups.yahoo.com/group/enigma2000
Welcome all, once again, to Issue 18. Once again we give our customary thanks to all our contributors for their ongoing support, and the interesting/lively (and I’m informed, sometimes controversial) discussions on the group site.
This is the time of year when holidays traditionally interrupt the flow of info into E2K, not so this year – methinks many holidays were spent monitoring judging by the number of “new” finds.
Monitors regularly reported a rapid improvement in listening conditions during August and this is confirmed with our only having received 2 alerts from indicating disrupted conditions for the whole month.
Copyright – your editors take issue with a statement in the Aug 2003 edition of SWM Magazine (p 48) that the ENIGMA Control List is “not copyright”.
A group member, a gentleman of the legal profession, and regular contributor, comments :-
“although much of the information is now in the public domain it is there mainly as a long term result of the existence of the Control List, the acts of assemblage, editing, verification and presentation style of the information and its De Facto acceptance within the hobby would be recognised at law as copyright” [ this refers to UK/EU law and international formal agreements. Ed ]
“It is also my considered opinion that all other similarly originated documents published by ENIGMA 2000, for and on behalf of its members, and the hobby in general, would be similarly recognised”
(Ed’s note, since the inception of E2K we have as a matter of routine taken “advice” on all our published material, and will continue to do so for obvious reasons)
Morse Profiles List
During September it is hoped that a completely revised, re-edited, detailed description listing of the CW stations (mainly for the more proficient monitors) will be placed onto the group site.
M10 “555” / M51 in prog and M01a “333” all decided to use the same freq, a bit of a nightmare for the recipients !!
M10e, back again, see entry,
M13b, back again, see entry
M18, back with us, see entry. (Now re-activated in the Control List)
M56 possibly heard again after some 6 years !!!, see entry
Unid1 voice IB
3 July, 06.30z, 9101kHz, suspected Chinese Mil but in LSB with YL synth voice
On Mon 28 Jul, 20.00z, 6805kHz Clg “238” for 4 mins, nothing other
On Wed 30 Jul, 20.00z, 6805kHz Clg “238” for 3 mins, nothing other
On Wed 6 Aug, 20.00z, 6805kHz Clg “238” for 4 mins, nothing other
On Wed 6 Aug, 20.00z 5327kHz Clg “523” for 9 mins, nothing other
GD comments that his initial impression was that this could have been an M23, however when M23 sends a 3f ID it usually lasts for 10 mins and is sent daily, this CW did not have the expected characteristic M23 sound.
784784 4333 44577 784784784 333 45198 78488478433 44198 45198 784784784 333 etc”
On Tue 26th Aug GD caught the repeat at 21.00z, 5735kHz and managed, with difficulty, to sort out the TX as being:-
784 784 784 333 43991 43991
784 784 784 333 43771 43771
784 784 784 333 43284 43284 all x 10
784 784 784 333 44341 44341 all x 11
784 784 784 333 43811 43811
even in this TX all the 784 & 333’s were sent without any spaces, and why so many uneven repeats for just two 5f gps ?
There was no further repeat on the Wednesday.
[ If these TX’s are intended as instructions for “field agents” they are either very competent CW readers, ignore the TX’s or these TX’s have no significance other than mis-information/dis-information. Ed]
Late starts becoming a habit, where it tends to omit the calls and go straight into the mssg.
On July 4th the 02.10z & 04.10z skeds were NRH
On July 6th, 10.00z 8136kHz the TX stopped at 10.02z but carrier remained up for normal sked time. However the TX restarted on 3925kHz at 10.02z !!!
On 13 July, 11.00z, 9238kHz (uncopiable, strong carrier overriding)
On 19 July, 10.00z, 9323kHz the first mssg was the same number as the first mssg on the 10.00z 3025kHz sked !!
(MS remarked he had never observed this happen previously) [ nothing found in our archives either, Ed]
On 9th Aug, 03.00z it TX’ed on 10125 // 4028 with the V2a sked on 4028kHz being blocked by M8a !! (another C’up)
On 31st Aug, 08.00z / 09.00z, 10236 / 9323kHz the sig was so bad the dits & dahs all sounded as dits.
At 18.00z M01 then came up on same freq, no more heard from M56
(I wonder if the above was in fact the complete TX as reports from the mid 90’s also indicated very short TX’s. Ed)
On 7 July, 06.55z, 5200kHz
On 11 July, 06.53z, 5228kHz (a slow Auto TX)
M87 MCW & CW cut (all per IB)
On 8 July, 03.30z, 16420kHz, hand MCW
… 154 x 6, 000 000
154 x 11, 000 000
154 x 22, 000 000
154 x 7, 000 000
(Unusual TX in that every set of 3f groups ends with “000 000” rather than just the expected final group, Ed)
On 14 July, 00.01z, 7940kHz, CW.
… 684 x 11, 000
684 x 20, 000
684 x 11, 000 000
Thanks to AB, BM, DoK GD, JP, LP, ML, MoK, MS, PoL, RNGB, Anon2 UK, Anon1 EU.
SELECTED VOICE STATIONS
Before we move onto the logs here is an interesting explanatory piece from JerseyAnon on the tones we hear prior to transmissions:
Tones on transmission.
Prior to the start of transmission it is not uncommon to hear the odd, or a series of tones. The polytones are no stranger as 1200Hz tones of short, medium, long or very long duration are heard at various times whilst the carrier is up prior to the message proper being sent.
Other Number Stations using Single Sideband also regularly send tones prior to transmission, the sendings usually being of good quality unless propagation takes a hand in the unwanted ionospheric effects to the sent signal.
Inter-modulation Distortion [IMD] is a problem with modulated transmission and a two-tone test is carried out using two non-harmonically related audio tones. The result of this test should be a correctly set up signal of good purity. Similarly a single tone test can be used to measure unwanted sideband and carrier suppression of SSB signals.
The quality of what is sent and received is obviously influenced by a properly conducted test and transmitter adjustment but there is another, less obvious, benefit.
Looking at the keying of any particular M10 transmission on a spectrum analyser one recognises the waveforms [the AF envelopes] as against those sent by a different transmission, say M13.
Each transmitter can quite easily have an unwanted signature, allowing it to be distinguished from any apparatus used for sending the same message. If the same message is being sent from a slightly different location [ships would be a good example] then a properly set up transmitter at each location would not aid the identification or direction finding from anyone with an interest to do so. So are these tones we hear random? Probably not! [Tnx JerseyAnon]
In addition to the exciting revelations by JerseyAnon we were also contacted by MB who sent us some thoughts on judging propagation and the state of the HF spectrum. [A very useful article given the state of propagation lately].
This, MB says, is what he uses:
Kiel Beacon 10144.0kHz [Sunspot Number, Magnetic Field, Flux, Boulder A index]
Transmission path variable but genrally pretty good. Haifa 4XZ [M22] 8103.0kHz [Continuous Call Sign on Loop, does not carry traffic all the time].
Useful as a monitor on propagation to Israel. Nicosia Cyprus 5BA42 8737.0kHz [ID on Voice Loop, "Radio Telephone Maritime Service"].
Useful as a monitor of propagation to this area. Note: Quite often 4XZ and 5BA42 will not be heard together. [It seems the propagation path is not quite the same for each transmission].
The VOLMET transmissions [all USB] are a useful indicator of propagation conditions as they provide a round the clock transmission:
Gander/New York VOLMET: 3485kHz, 6604kHz, 10051kHz, 13270kHz
Gander and New York each have 30 min time slots in 1 hour. [New York is now back on air having been off for several months]. Shannon VOLMET: 3413kHz, 5505kHz, 8957kHz 13264kHz
On occasions propagation has been so poor that it has been impossible to receive a satisfactory signal on any of these frequencies. RAF VOLMET: 5450kHz, 11253kHz,
This is an interesting station to listen to. Although the time schedule remains the same the Met Stations change depending on where the military action is taking place in the world. There is, however, a sort of fixed core of Met sites with one in every broadcast. Jammers
Commercial jammers are used to jam Commercial Broadcasts with Chinese Bubble and Musical jammers being a nuisance.
Examples can be found as:
Chinese Jammers: 9805kHz, 9955kHz, 11945kHz, 13625kHz, 13670kHz, 13820kHz, 15110kHz,
Iranian Jammers: 9530kHz [bubble]
Buzzer jammer: 11430kHz, [possibly Russian].
[TnxMB, Stirling stuff].
Non Number Station items of interest;-
American Forces Radio in single sideband still noted from time to time on 13,855 KHz, does not seem to be on every day. Also noted on 7,507 KHz, early mornings only UK time with a slight time delay relative to 13,855.
Amateur station in 15 metre band;- noted on Sunday 13-July at 1404z , 21,285 KHz;- callsign DJ3FK/ Aeronautical Mobile, location given as over northern Libya; unusual if genuine. Very strong signal, went QRT shortly afterwards much to the annoyance of the many stations waiting to work him. [Tnx PoSW]
A different view of numbers from CD:
"UK band Spunkle has released a set of songs called "Music for DXing" that are inspired by the hunt for signals. There's some XP inspired tunes as well as some more challenging pieces, and they nearly all feature the flotsam of the airwaves. The "artist" figured that fellow listeners might want to hear
them, and is interested in how "listenable" the collection is, given that some dxers don't seem to mind listening to the assorted fizzes of HF!" Download this fine album [E2k has a file copy and it is excellent] from: http://1104.ca/dav
Now onto the logs:
Apart from the regulations concerning the reception of wireless stations within Great Britain, advice on reporting intelligence matters also exists in the form of DA notices.
Whoever the messages, from E03/E03a, are aimed at ENIGMA 2000 has no wish to 'advertise' the existence of these stations to those who may not support the best interests of Great Britain, or its representatives abroad. Although we are unable to stop discussion of E03/E03a, ENIGMA 2000 will remain aloof from any such discussion and will not be including reports or analysis on E03/E03a.
ENIGMA 2000 thanks those who have recently posted logs of E03/E03a [E04] activity via group.
There have been no reports concerning E05 messages but this was received from AnonUK hinting at some 'E05' activities:
6970kHz 2100z 20/07 [Carrier only]
8110kHz 2100z 20/07 [Carrier only]
Recently PoSW wrote for August, "No sign of any activity at all from the American Accent E05, last heard at the end of May; but on Saturday 12-July at 0706z there were strong carriers modulated by audio tone - measured as 1,022 Hz - on two known E05 frequencies, 8,110 and 9,090 KHz. Nothing has been heard since so perhaps someone was having a last nostalgic play with a couple of the transmitters before the scrap dealers moved in!" [Tnx PoSW]
The E06 English Man seems to have deserted the one time regular Saturday 1230z + 1330z schedule - I couldn't find it at all in August although the second and fourth Saturday in the month 1220z + 1320z schedule turned up as expected. [Tnx PoSW].
5460kHz 2008z 10/07 AF and E
5735kHz 2130z 18/07 [315 217 48 23346] AF
9080kHz 1915z 16/07 [null msg 627] Gert
2200z 16/07 [null msg 792] Gert
9120kHz 2100z 08/07 [null msg 471] Gert
9130kHz 2100z 22/07 [null msg 471] Gert
11130kHz 2100z 16/07 [792 00000] RNGB
12185kHz 2100z 12/07 [490 Null Msg] Jochen
12200kHz 1500z 12/07 [null msg 736] Gert
1500z 26/07 [736 495 126 35243] AF, hfd & selco
13910kHz 1330z 17/08 [540 163 29 08367..] USB via Selco
The noise factor has certainly gone up since last month and reception has been poor. I'v had difficulty picking up the stns on various frequencies as you can see by the log.
I'm entering the xxx2 strings only once at the beginning and end of the month as I hear them, unless there is a change of schedule/Stn etc during the month.
I tuned in on the 2/7 at 20:15hrs and found VLB2, COI2 & SYN2 still transmitting, outside the normal time span of H+45 to H+50 this may have started at 1945hrs and continued till 23:15 hrs when all stopped. No group messages sent.
Note that CIO2/SYN2/VLB2/MIW2/KPA2 have all made freq changes at the start and during the month.
The most repeated messages from EZI heard during my survey in the three month period May to July were as follows:- G63 UALNO 30 times (Still being transmitted)
G83 NDNYP 12 times
G73 MQKIF 9 times
G65 JQRRX 9 times (Still being transmitted)
G81 VZZXG 8 times
HNC-S was twice heard breifly on the 15 & 20th of July again no group messages.
26 July. MIW2 must have been on the "Jeruselem Jollop" making two calls on 4.461at 00:07 hrs just as FTJ had commenced a G119 message on that same freq. MIW2 then came up on an expected freq of 7.605 at 00:10 four calls only, then up again at 00:17hrs with the normal call of 5mins till 00:22hrs
E10 Desk Aug 03 3.640
Bold Lettering denotes Repeated Message <> Denotes From-To. No change to schedule
E10 Log Comments
I'm entering the xxx2 strings only once at the beginning and at the end of the month as I hear them, unless there is a change of schedule/Stn etc on that freq during the month. All freq's are in USB.
01 Aug. It had to happen, SYN2 & VLB2 have been swopping freq's for a while now, and on freq 4.015 at 00:45hrs both stns were transmitting at the same time. (Jeruselem Jollop strikes again )
8 Aug. Tuned into SYN2 transmitting at 23:38hrs (outside its normal schedule) on 6.912 ,8.025 & 4.780, it may have commenced at 23:30 hrs but is normally heard at H+45 to H+50hrs. No group message given. This procedure is not rare and seems to occure with a number of xxx2 strings at various times. It is still transmitting at 01:00hrs as I close down.
15 Aug. You may have noticed that over the last month or so a majority of c/s have been late in opening the transmission at the expected times, 3/4 mins late in a some of cases. At one stage I did think my computer clock was playing up but constant checks proved it not to be the reason. However today the all the transmissions I have heard, have started and ended right on time. One of the main culprits had been EZI whom I have been monitoring. Other minor changes noted has been the up/down tuning of the frequency for the odd transmission by certain c/s ie ART, YHF & EZI this month
At 23:00 hrs ART & JSR were transmitting at the same time on 5.091 very confusing lasted approx 4 mins before ending.
20 Aug. At 02:15hrs MIW2 was heard for its 5mins transmission on 9.130 a freq normally associated with EZI, may be a one off call, has not been heard since.
Many thanks to RN GB for the following
E11 A message was sent on 15/07 and intercepted by AnonUK. Another was sent 19/08 and intercepted by AF, more follows after the logs.
AF sent in an exhaustive Ell log for August. It was comprehensive enough to confirm these transmissions:
0830z 8544kHz [182 or 184] and 6814kHz
1030z 9610kHz 
1230z 9448kHz 
1330z 9950kHz 
0800z 10125kHz 
0800z 11116kHz 
1030z 9610kHz 
1230z 9448kHz 
6814kHz 0830z 15/07 [ Message sent! 184/34] From AnonUK
From Manolis we received an interesting account of his discovery of E25 which reads:
I tuned my radio on 9448kHz USB around 12.29z but a strong carrier was nearby. (9450kHz) A man was reading something like "nine, (?), zero, five, thirty-one" until 12.33z. He had an Arab accent, and the signal strength was like of a BC station! (5-7 out of 7 signal strength indicator bars of my Sangean ATS-909 & 7m longwire.)
Today (Friday 22/8) I got back from my vacation, and I wanted to see if the culprit was still there. At 12.27z I tuned on 9450kHz, but I didn't find anything. I searched the frequencies nearby and I stumbled at a carrier on 9202kHz. At 12.30z started calling "EZI1" until 12.31z. What a surprise! Back on 9448kHz USB, E11 calling "312/00". I kept on searching, and at 12.48z on 9450kHz, I heard Arab music! At 12.53z a man was saying (live) "two-zero, two-one, two-two, two-three, (longer gap), two-two-seven" continuously. He stopped at 12.57z (carrier down)!
Excellent work Manolis - thanks for sharing!
1248z 22/08 [heralded by 'Arab' music, carrier down after figs at 1257z
Manolis' finding prompted those of us in Western Europe [includes GB and NI!] to tune our receivers to 9450kHz; without success it might be added.
It was encouraging that Manolis used the Sound Sample posted in the Files section to identify what he had heard. AnonUK emailed to say thet whilst he was unable to hear an entire message he did hear some evidence of E25 activity due to peculiaritries noticed just above the noise level on Sat 30/08 1245z.
Gert writes in to inform us that for G06 on the first Monday of the month, 1900 and 2000z uses last years frequencies:
jan 5084 8060
feb 6915 5360
mar 8035 6785
apr 9220 7680
may 11485 9115
june 12195 10310
july 11425 9240
aug ? 9120
sept 8170 6835
oct ? 5210
nov 5415 4585
dec 5190 3845
Frequencies may vary +/- 20 kHz from last years freqs.
PoSW wrote, " The G06 German YL has been turning up at the expected times; the Friday 1930z transmission is still inside the 49 metre BC band which makes for difficult copy. If this one follows the same pattern as previous years it should move to somewhere in the region of 5,442 kHz in September which is well away from the broadcasters. It will be interesting to see if the Thursday 1830z schedule can be found in September."
First Monday in the Month Schedule
7-July-03, 1900z, 11,435 kHz, "Drei null acht" x 3, "Null" x 3 (308 308 308 00000). Good signal, lower sideband well suppressed. Carrier was up at 1836z on 11,425 kHz - which was the frequency used in July last year, moved to 11,435 at 1851z.
2000z, 9,265 kHz, repeat of "308 308 308 00000", strong signal, frequency for the second sending in July last year was 9,240 kHz
4-Aug-03, 1900z, 11,075 kHz, "308 308 308 00000", as in July; I missed this one in August last year so I had no starting point in the search; there was a strong carrier a few hundred Hz LF of G06 which caused a strong beat note and made copy difficult.
2000z, 9,120 kHz, repeat sending of "308 308 308 00000".
Thursday 1830z Schedule (Rule of thumb; if G06 shows up at 1830z on a Thursday the same message will be heard on the following day at 1930z on a lower frequency!)
12-June-03, 6,887 kHz, calling "Acht vier zwo" (842), DK/GC "Drei funef seben" (357) x 2, "drei funef" (35) x 2. Signal strength S7, lower sideband well suppressed. This schedule last heard on 22-May.
26-June-03, 6,887 kHz, same call, DK and GC as when last heard two weeks ago, "842" and "357 357 35 35".
10-July-03, 6,887 kHz, calling "Acht vier zwo" (842), DK/GC "Sechs funef seben" (657) x 2, "Drei neun" (39) x 2. Signal strength S9, lower sideband well suppressed.
24-July-03, 6,887 kHz, same as when last heard on 10-July, "842" and "657 657 39 39".
14-Aug-03, 6,887 kHz, call as always "842", DK/GC "Drei funef sechs" (356) x 2, "Vier zwo" (42) x 2.
Friday 1930z Schedule
13-June-03, 5,943 kHz, inside 49 metre BC band, severe QRM from broadcast station, last heard on 23-May on 5,933 kHz, a slightly clearer frequency. Call "Zwo eins acht" (218), DK/GC as last night's 1830z G06, "357 357 35 35".
27-June-03, 5,933 kHz, slightly better copy than when heard 10 KHz higher on 13-June, but still can only really be copied when using the RX in USB mode with the carrier tuned for zero beat. Call "218", DK/GC as last nights 1830z sending "357 357 35 35". Carrier was up when checked just after 1900z with numbers 1 to 9 in German spoken for several minutes after 1914z.
25-July-03, 5,943 kHz, "218" and "657 657 39 39", extremely difficult copy due to QRM from BC station.
15-Aug-03, 5,943 kHz, call is still "218", DK/GC same as last nights 1830z transmission, "356 356 42 42", usual severe QRM.
Sunday 2020z Schedule
22-June-03, 13,380 kHz, was also noted last Sunday, 15-June, and today's transmission had the same call, DK and GC, "Neun vier drei" (943) and "Eins zwo acht" (128) x 2, "Vier seben" (47) x 2. Signal strength up to S9, rapid QSB, lower sideband well suppressed. Not heard on the following Sunday, 29-June.
13-July-03, 13,380 kHz, still around in July; G06 on a Sunday used to be a rare event, just a few times per year! Call is still "943", DK/GC "Zwo funef sechs" (256) x 2, "Seben eins" (71) x 2. Strong signal, lower sideband well suppressed.
20-July-03, 13,380 kHz, same as on 13-July, "943" and "256 256 71 71"
10-Aug-03, 11,435 kHz and possibly started later than 2020z; having found no sign of G06 warming up on 13,380 kHz a suspicious carrier was noted on 11,435 at approx. 2015z; 2020z came and went and there was no sign of any kind of transmission but when checked again at 2030z the G06 German YL was heard in progress.
17-Aug-03, back to 13,380 kHz and 2020z, as in June and July; call still "943", DK/GC "Funef eins seben" (517) x 2, "Drei zwo" (32) x 2. Signal weak for a G06, S5 to S6 at best, lower sideband suppressed
6887kHz 1830z 14/07 [842-657/39=01290 hfd
9120kHz 2000z 04/08 [308 00000] rn gb
9265kHz 2000z 07/07 ['308' 00000] af, hfd and rngb
11075kHz 1900z 04/08 [308:0] hfd
11435kHz 1900z 07/07 ['308' 00000] af, hfd and rngb
2025z 09/08 [943 517 32 05955] RNGB
2027z 10/08  RN GB
13880kHz 2020z 13/07 [ID943, with a msg: 256/71] Jochen and hfd
2020z 19/07 [943-256/71=82822] Gert
2020z 20/07 [943-256/71=82822] AF
6683kHz 2200z 03/07 [186 - Nr240 gr21=64406 poor audio] Initially discovered by Gert, also heard by CS in US.
2330z 03/07 [186 - Nr240 gr21=64406] AF
2200z 17/07 [186-240/21=64406] Gert
Before we move onto the Slavic Staion logs DoK on the Slavic Desk writes:
The past two months have been an eventful period for M10, S10D and S17C with changes commencing on Saturday 5th July.
As a result there has been more activity on the higher frequencies and new frequencies appeared from the end of July into August.