English II (PowerPoint Noteguide) Preview of Literary Terms 56-60



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“If I Were a Rich Man” (from the musical Fiddler on the Roof) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RBHZFYpQ6nc
[TEVYE]

"Dear God, you made many, many poor people.

I realize, of course, that it's no shame to be poor.

But it's no great honor either!

So, what would have been so terrible if I had a small fortune?"
If I were a rich man, Ya ha deedle deedle, bubba bubba deedle deedle dum.

All day long I'd biddy biddy bum.

If I were a wealthy man.

I wouldn't have to work hard. Ya ha deedle deedle, bubba bubba deedle deedle dum.

If I were a biddy biddy rich,

Yidle-diddle-didle-didle man.


I'd build a big tall house with rooms by the dozen,

Right in the middle of the town.

A fine tin roof with real wooden floors below.

There would be one long staircase just going up,

And one even longer coming down,

And one more leading nowhere, just for show.


I'd fill my yard with chicks and turkeys and geese and ducks

For the town to see and hear.

(Insert)Squawking just as noisily as they can. (End Insert)

With each loud "cheep" "swawk" "honk" "quack"

Would land like a trumpet on the ear,

As if to say "Here lives a wealthy man."


If I were a rich man, Ya ha deedle deedle, bubba bubba deedle deedle dum.

All day long I'd biddy biddy bum.

If I were a wealthy man.
I wouldn't have to work hard. Ya ha deedle deedle, bubba bubba deedle deedle dum.

If I were a biddy biddy rich, Yidle-diddle-didle-didle man.

I see my wife, my Golde, looking like a rich man's wife

With a proper double-chin.

Supervising meals to her heart's delight.

I see her putting on airs and strutting like a peacock.

Oy, what a happy mood she's in.

Screaming at the servants, day and night.


The most important men in town would come to fawn on me!

They would ask me to advise them,

Like a Solomon the Wise.

"If you please, Reb Tevye..."

"Pardon me, Reb Tevye..."

Posing problems that would cross a rabbi's eyes!


And it won't make one bit of difference if I answer right or wrong.

When you're rich, they think you really know!


If I were rich, I'd have the time that I lack

To sit in the synagogue and pray.

And maybe have a seat by the Eastern wall.

And I'd discuss the holy books with the learned men, several hours every day.

That would be the sweetest thing of all.
If I were a rich man, Ya ha deedle deedle, bubba bubba deedle deedle dum.

All day long I'd biddy biddy bum.

If I were a wealthy man.

I wouldn't have to work hard. Ya ha deedle deedle, bubba bubba deedle deedle dum.


Lord who mad the lion and the lamb,

You decreed I should be what I am.

Would it spoil some vast eternal plan?

If I were a wealthy man.


Famous errors in subjunctive mood usage:

o “If he was a rabbit, what would you do?” (Bugs Bunny)

o “Yeah, but they wouldn't find the body if there was nothing left to find.” (From the movie, Stranger Than Fiction (1999)

o “If only everything was as reliable as a Corolla.” (1999 Toyota Advertisement)


58. syllogism: a form of ____________________ reasoning consisting of a ____________ premise, a ______________ premise, and a ____________________________
Premise 1: All men are mortal. Premise 2: Socrates is a man. Conclusion: Therefore, ________________ is mortal.
In this sequence, premise 2 is tested against premise 1 to reach the logical conclusion. Within this system, if both premises are considered valid, there is no other logical conclusion than determining that Socrates is a mortal.
Syllogism exercise: Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

o All fragile things are breakable things. Some glasses are fragile things.

Therefore...

a. Some glasses will break.

b. Some glasses are breakable things.

c. Some things are breakable. d. None of the above.


59. symbolism: the practice of representing ________________ by means of ___________________ or of attributing symbolic meanings or significance to _________________, ___________________, or _____________________________.
Examples of Symbolism in Elie Wiesel’s Night:

o _____________appears throughout Night as a symbol of the Nazis’cruel power. On the way to Auschwitz-Birkenau, Madame Schächter receives a vision of fire that serves as a premonition of the horror to come. Eliezer also sees the Nazis burning babies in a ditch. Most important, fire is the agent of destruction in the crematoria, where many meet their death at the hands of the Nazis.


The role of fire as a Nazi weapon reverses the role fire plays in the Bible and Jewish tradition. In the Bible, fire is associated with God and divine wrath. God appears to Moses as a burning bush, and vengeful angels wield flaming swords. In postbiblical literature, flame also is a force of divine retribution. In Gehenna—the Jewish version of Hell—the wicked are punished by fire. But in Night, it is the wicked who wield the power of fire, using it to punish the innocent. Such a reversal demonstrates how the experience of the Holocaust has upset Eliezer’s entire concept of the universe, especially his belief in a benevolent, or even just, God.
o __________________: The Bible begins with God’s creation of the earth. When God first begins his creation, the earth is “without form, and void; and darkness [is] upon the face of the deep” (Genesis 1:2, King James Version). God’s first act is to create light and dispel this darkness. Darkness and night therefore symbolize a world without God’s presence. In Night, Wiesel exploits this allusion. Night always occurs when suffering is worst, and its presence reflects Eliezer’s belief that he lives in a world without God. The first time Eliezer mentions that “[n]ight fell” is when his father is interrupted while telling stories and informed about the deportation of Jews. Similarly, it is night when Eliezer first arrives at Birkenau/Auschwitz, and it is night—specifically “pitch darkness”—when the prisoners begin their horrible run from Buna.
60. synecdoche: use of a __________ to represent the _____________. Examples of synecdoche:

o _______________ for alphabet

o "lend me your ______________”

o “_______________ of cattle”



o "Good evening. Elvis Presley died today. He was 42. Apparently, it was a heart attack. He was found in his home in Memphis not breathing. His road manager tried to revive him -- he failed. A ________________________ tried to revive him -- it failed. His doctor pronounced him dead at three o'clock this afternoon.”– (NBC Nightly News with John Chancellor and David Brinkley)

o "Give us this day our daily _______________.”-- Matthew 6:11


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