Reading : The student reads and comprehends text across the curriculum.
Benchmark 3: The students expands his vocabulary.
▲ determines meaning of words through structural analysis, using knowledge of ▲Greek, ▲Latin, and Anglo-Saxon ▲roots, ▲prefixes, and ▲suffixes to understand complex words, including words in science, mathematics, and social studies.
Writing: The student uses effective word choice, clear & fluent sentences, and standard American English conventions.
Compare / contrast on charts Beowulf with example of more modern fictional hero, using definitions / explanations in video “The Epic Hero.”
ALL LITERATURE STUDY REQUIRES THE FOLLOWING SKILLS: Reading: The student expands vocabulary.
Benchmark 3: The students expands his vocabulary.
4. ▲ identifies, interprets, and analyzes the use of figurative language, including similes, metaphors, analogies, hyperbole, onomatopoeia, personification, idioms, imagery, and symbolism.
5. discriminates between connotative and denotative meanings and interprets the connotative power of words.
Benchmark 4: The student comprehends a variety of texts
2. ▲ understands the purpose of text features (e.g., title, graphs/charts and maps, table of contents, pictures/illustrations, boldface type, italics, glossary, index, headings, subheadings, topic and summary sentences, captions, sidebars, underlining,
numbered or bulleted lists, footnotes, annotations) and uses such features to locate information in and to gain meaning from appropriate-level texts.
3. uses prior knowledge, content, and text type features to make, to
revise, and to confirm predictions.
4. generates and responds logically to literal, inferential, evaluative, synthesizing, and critical thinking questions before, during, and after reading the text.
5. ▲ uses information from the text to make inferences and draw conclusions
6. ▲ analyzes and evaluates how authors use text structure (e.g., sequence, problem-solution, comparison-contrast, description, cause-effect) to help achieve their purposes
7. ▲ compares and contrasts varying aspects (e.g., characters' traits and motives, themes, problem-solution, cause-effect relationships, ideas and concepts, procedures, viewpoints, authors' purposes, persuasive techniques, use of literary devices, thoroughness of
supporting evidence) in one or more appropriate-level texts.
8. ▲ explains and analyzes cause-effect relationships in appropriate level narrative, expository, technical, and persuasive texts.
9. ▲ uses paraphrasing and organizational skills to summarize information (stated and implied main ideas, main events, important details, underlying meaning) from appropriate-level narrative, expository, technical, and persuasive texts in logical or sequential order, clearly preserving the author's intent.
10. ▲ identifies the topic, main idea(s), supporting details, and theme(s) in text across the content areas and from a variety of sources in appropriate-level texts.
11. ▲ analyzes and evaluates how an author’s style (e.g., word choice, sentence structure) and use of literary devices (e.g., foreshadowing, flashback, irony, symbolism, tone, mood, satire, imagery, point of view, allusion, overstatement, paradox) work together to achieve his or her purpose for writing text.
14. ▲ identifies the author's position in a persuasive text, describes techniques the author uses to support that position (e.g., bandwagon approach, glittering generalities, testimonials, citing authority, statistics, other techniques that appeal to reason or emotion), and evaluates the effectiveness of these techniques and the credibility of the information provided.
Literature: The student responds to a variety of text.
Benchmark 1: The student uses literary concepts to interpret and respond to text.
1. ▲ identifies and describes different types of characters (e.g., protagonist, antagonist, round, flat, static, dynamic) and analyzes the development of characters.
2. ▲ analyzes the historical, social, and cultural contextual aspects of the setting and their influence on characters and events in the story or literary text.
3. ▲ analyzes and evaluates how the author uses various plot elements (e.g., problem or conflict, climax, resolution, rising action, falling action, subplots, parallel episodes) to advance the plot and make connections between events.
analyzes themes, tone, and the author’s point-of-view across a variety of literary works and genres using textual evidence and considering audience and purpose.
identifies, analyzes, and evaluates the use of literary devices (e.g., foreshadowing, flashback, irony, figurative language, imagery, symbolism, satire, allusion, paradox, dialogue, point of view, overstatement) in a text.
Benchmark 2: The student understands the significance of literature and its contributions to various cultures.
Group comparison / contrast of one of the excerpts with modern American education
20th Century Short Story
Orwell “Shooting an Elephant”
Wm Trevor “The Distant Past”
Conrad “The Lagoon”
Nadine Gordimer “The Train from Rhodesia”
Anita Desai “A Devoted Son”
Characteristics of modernism
Review of plot elements
Review of epiphany in short story
Focus on point of view, diction, tone, and themes of various cultures
Individual short story analysis over chosen story / present to group
Study of prefixes, suffixes from Plug-In
Study of root words
Word study through text materials
Write original sentences on given topic
Invent new words from word parts; define and write complete dictionary entry
Reading, Benchmark 3: The students expands his vocabulary.
1. ▲ determines meaning of words or phrases using context clues (e.g., definitions, restatements, examples, descriptions, comparison-contrast, clue words, cause-effect) from sentences or paragraphs.
3. ▲ determines meaning of words through structural analysis, using knowledge of ▲Greek, ▲Latin, and Anglo-Saxon ▲roots, ▲prefixes, and ▲suffixes to understand complex words, including words in science, mathematics, and social studies.
INDEPENDENT READING: Accelerated Reader (1 per quarter; must pass with 70%)
Two novels of choice, appropriate grade level
Two classic American or British novels / plays
Take AR practice quizzes over free novels
Take AR literary quizzes over classics
Reading, Benchmark 4: The student comprehends a variety of texts
12. establishes purposes for both assigned and self-selected reading (e.g., to be informed, to follow directions, to be entertained, to solve problems).