End of Course us history Vocabulary



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End of Course

US History Vocabulary

Industrialization______________________________________


Bessmer process

Thomas Edison

Transcontinental Railroad

Alexander Bell

Social Darwinism

Free Enterprise System Robber Barron

National Market

Corporation

Captain of Industry

Andrew Carnegie

Philanthropy

John D. Rockefeller

Monopoly

Child Labor Laissez-Faire Interstate Commerce Act

Sherman Anti-Trust Act Union Knights of Labor

Samuel Gompers AFL Gospel of Wealth

1. _____________________________ – individuals are free to produce and sell whatever products they wish

2. ______________________– prohibited unfair practices by railroads such as charging higher rates for shorter routes

3. __________________– theory that government should not interfere in the operation of the free market

4. __________________–inventor best known for his invention of the electric light bulb

5. __________________ - process which made steel more affordable and profitable .

6. _________________– made his fortune refining oil; founded Standard Oil

7. ________________ – a company chartered by a state and recognized in law as a separate person

8. ________________– linked goods and services through technology and transportation making commerce more affordable .

9. ________________– completed in 1869 at Promontory Point, Utah making it possible to travel by land to California

10. ________________–organized workers to act as a group not as an individual to leverage for better working conditions

11. ________________– hoped to create a single national union of skilled and unskilled workers, demanding a 8 hour work day, safety codes, better pay and organizing strikes to get companies to grant demands

12. ________________–used to move, clean or fix large machines since they were small enough to fit between the parts

13. ________________– theory that rich were obligated to help communities by giving back in the form of libraries, school, universities but not giving directly to individuals

14. ________________– limited membership to crafts and skilled workers creating a federation of unions

15. ________________– sometimes used ruthless tactics to destroy completion and keep worker wages low

16. ________________–Scottish immigrate made his fortune in steel making, known for “Gospel of Wealth”

17. ________________– founded “AFL” in 1881

18. ________________– businessmen known for their positive contributions to the modern industrial economy

19. ________________– inventor known for the telephone and the company that later becomes AT &T

20. ________________– act of “ charitable giving”

21. ________________– complete control of a product or service; the elimination of fair competition

22. ________________– designed to prevent companies from engaging in unfair practices that eliminated fair competion

23. _________________-economic philosophy based on the “Survival of the Fittest”
Guilded Age__________________________________________________


Urbanization Tenement

Political Machine

Political “Boss”

Immigration

Push and Pull Factors

New Immigrants

Ghettos

Nativists

Chinese Exclusion Act

Frontier

Americanization

Great Plains

assimilation

Ellis Island

Tammany Hall

Jacob Riis

Klondike Gold Rush

Homestead Act

Boss” Tweed



Dawes Act

Indian Wars American Indian Citizenship Act (1924) cattle drive
1. __________________ – Wrote “How The Other Half Lives” describing the deplorable conditions of the cities

2. __________________ –area of the country settled by farmers brought to the area from the east by the Trans. RR

3. __________________– line between areas of settlement and those areas dominated by nature and Native Americans

4. ______________________– in 1896 miners were attracted to the area by discovery of precious metals

5. _______________–made all Indians citizens of the United States .

6. _______________ – single room apartments often without heating, lighting or sewage

7. _______________ – corrupt city government officials promising to provided services and jobs in exchange for votes .

8. __________________ – primary reason for the growth in US cities by the early 1900’s doubling the number of US cities with population in excess of 500,000

9. _________________– vast government center in New York City where most immigrants were processed into the US

10. ______________________ -movement by cowboys of cattle to rail stations in the north to connect to markets in the east .

11. _________________ - neighborhoods made up of people of similar nationality, language and cultural characteristics

12. _____________________– mostly from Southern and Eastern Europe; mostly Catholic and Jewish

13. _______________________– first federal law restricting Asian immigration to the United States

14. ______________ _______– war, famine, drought, economic opportunity, education,

15. ________________– Little Big Horn, Wounded Knee, Sand Creek Massacre

16. _________________ –divided reservation into individual plots, each family received 160 acres to farm hoping to establish pride in ownership

17. _________________ –unofficial city organization designed to keep a party in power usually led by single boss

18. _________________ –process by which people of one culture merge into and become part of another culture

19. _________________ –1862 law that gave 160 acres of land to citizens who met certain requirements and paid a small fee

20. _________________ –growth of large cities

21. _________________ –most notorious political machine designed to keep Democrats in control of New York City

22. _________________ – learning to dress, speak and act like other Americans

23. _________________ – manipulated New York City politics for his own benefit

24. _________________ – favoring native born Americans over immigrants
Progressive Era__________________________________________


populism

William Jennings Bryan

Free silver

Tariff

Inflation

Third Party

Progressive Movement

Social Gospel Movement

Muckrakers

Upton Sinclair

Jane Adams

WEB DeBois

16th amendment

Spoils system

Theodore Roosevelt

Square Deal

William H. Taft

Federal Reserve Act


Woodrow Wilson settlement house temperance movement

Ida B. Wells recall initiative

Referendum 18th amendment 17th amendment

Booker T. Washington Pendleton Civil Service Act 19th amendment

Pure Food and Drug Act Meat Inspection Act

1. ______________ –required Americans to pay an income tax .

2. _______________ –allows citizens to proposed laws directly on a ballot .

3. _______________________aimed at correcting the political and social injustices resulting from industrialization .

4. __________________tax on imported goods -

5. __________________an all-purpose community center for poor people living in crowded cities-

6. ___________________reporters, writers, and social scientists exposed the abuses of industrial society and government corruption.

7.________________a new national political party representing the “common man” – farmers, industrial workers, and miners proposing a 8 hour workday, progressive income tax, government ownership of railroads, free silver .



8. _________________________unlimited coinage of silver to increase money suppy .

9. _________________________prohibition of the sale, manufacture, transport of alcohol

10. __________________progressive reformer known for establishing the Hull House.

11. ______________social reformer that organized a national anti-lynching crusade .

12. _____________ government jobs given to supporters as reward for contribution to politicians .

13. _______________called for social reforms as a duty of Christians to enhance the lives of the less fortunate .

14. _______________ –Democratic candidate in the election of 1896 gained support of populist party for his “Cross of Gold “ speech

15. ___________________-protected consumers health and welfare by insuring quality products

15. ________________ -muckraker that wrote of the abuses in the meat packing industry in “The Jungle”

16. _________________________-elected officials could be removed from office by special election

17. _________________________-allows for the direct election of Senators

18. _________________________- Teddy Roosevelt’s progressive legislative program aimed at protecting the public health and preventing false claims by business owners

19. _________________________-government cannot deny the right to vote based on gender

20. __________________________-direct result of the book “The Jungle”

20. _________________________- created government agency that controls monetary policy

21. _________________________- process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by their legislature

22. _________________________- African-American reformer that founded the NAACP

23. _________________________- progressive president known as the trust buster, identifying companies as good trusts and bad trusts

24. _________________________- movement led mostly by women like Francis Willard to eliminate alcohol

25. _________________________- proposed that African-Americans achieve equality gradually through job training and education

26. _________________________-Democrat elected President in 1912 as a result of a split in the Republican party(Bull Moose Party)

27. _________________________- allowed voters to introduce bills directly to legislature

28. _________________________- succeeded Roosevelt as President, followed many of his trust-busting policies
Imperialism_________________________________________

Foreign Policy

Spanish-American War

Joseph Pulitzer

Wm. R Hearst

Yellow Journalism

U.S.S Maine

Imperialism

Alfred T. Mahan

Queen Liliuokalani

John J. Pershing

Sandford Dole

John Hay

Open Door Policy

Panama Canal

Big Stick Diplomacy

Dollar Diplomacy

San Juan Hill

yellow fever

Dr. Wm. Gorgas

Monroe Doctrine

Roosevelt Corollary

protectorate

Rough Riders

Platt Amendment

DeLome Letter

1. ______________________ –policy that prevented Europeans from establishing colonies in Western Hemisphere

2. ______________________ – group of volunteers led by Teddy Roosevelt gained fame in the Spanish-American War .

3. ______________________ –first governor of Hawaii, led a group of plantation owners to overthrow the queen

4. ______________________–consists of a country’s policies toward other nations .

5. ______________________ –sensationalized events in Cuba by American newspapers eager for war with Spain .

6. _______________________ – owner of the New York World newspaper, literary award bares his name .

7. _______________________ –letter written by Spanish official claiming Pres. McKinley was weak .

8. _______________________ – famous turning point American victory in Spanish-American War .

9. _______________________ –fought on two fronts, in the Caribbean and in the Pacific against the Spanish Empire .

10. _______________________– argued that to achieve world power a country needed a powerful Navy

11. _______________________–mosquito born illness responsible for thousands of death in Panama Canal Zone

12. _______________________– President Taft’s foreign policy toward Latin America advocating investment

13. ________________________– mysteriously exploded in Havana Harbor

14. ________________________–said Hawaii should be led and controlled by Hawaiians, later surrenders to Americans

15. ________________________–annexed territory under control of the United States

16. ________________________–responsible for eliminating breeding areas for mosquitos thus helping to control spread of yellow fever

17. ________________________– completed in 1914 connecting the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans

18. ________________________– asserted the United States’ right to intervene in Cuban affairs at any time

19. ________________________– gave equal trading rights to all countries in China

20. ________________________– Roosevelt boasted he would “speak softly and carry a big stick”

21. ________________________–Owner of competing New York newspaper responsible for sensationalizing reports from Cuba in order to sell papers

22._________________________-Leader of the American Expeditionary Force sent to Mexico to hunt down famous Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa

23. _________________________-US Secretary of State responsible for opening trade with China in the Open Door Policy

24. _________________________-addition to the Monroe Doctrine stating the US would intervene in the affairs of Caribbean nations as a police presence if necessary

25. _________________________- the policy or practice of extending a nation's rule over other less powerful territories
_America in WW I______________________________


Zimmerman Telegram

Lusitania

Sussex Pledge

U-boat

Selective Service Act

Schenck v. US

American Expeditionary Force

Alvin York

Battle of Argonne Forest

Reparations

League of Nations

Henry Cabot Lodge

Isolationism

Versailles Treaty

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Neutrality

Western Front

Espionage Act 1917

Trench Warfare

Woodrow Wilson

Fourteen Points



1. _____________________ – leading opponent of the United States becoming involved in the League of Nations

2. _____________________ –assassinated by a Serb national in Sarajevo .

3. ______________________ - Allowed national government to draft men to serve in war

4. ______________________–Policy of not taking sides in the conflict in Europe .

5. _______________________ -International peace-keeping organization .

6. ______________________ – German submarines .

7. ______________________– Medal of Honor recipient for heroism in WWI

8. _____________________– fight on the French and Germany boundary

9. ____________________ –new and strange method of fighting .

10. ___________________ – Germany promised not to sink any more ocean liners without prior warning or providing help to passengers

11. ___________________ – ended WW I with provisions that were considered very harsh on Germany and other defeated countries .

12. ______________________–considered a major turning point in WW I , Germany was defeated

13. ______________________–American fighting force in WW I led by John J. Pershing

14. ________________– Provision of the Versailles Treaty which made Germany pay for damages caused during the war

15. __________________ – secret message from German foreign Minister to Mexico, promising to reurn lost territories to Mexico in exchange for alliance

16. __________________– made it a crime to criticize American involvement in European conflict.

17. ___________________ – attempted to remain neutral, but eventually he was forced to Aske Congress for a declaration of war on Europe

18. ___________________– Supreme Court ruling limiting free speech when it poses a “clear and present danger”.

19. ___________________– British passenger ship was sunk by German submarine killing over 1000 people including 128 Americans

20. __________________–proposed by Wilson before the end of WWI as the basis for the peace in Europe include a plan for the League of Nations

21.__________________-policy after WWI of separating from affairs of other countries and turning their backs to Europe

Roaring Twenties___________________________________________


Roaring Twenties

Return to Normalcy”



Red Scare

Teapot Dome Scandal

Warren G. Harding

Calvin Coolidge

Herbert Hoover

Rugged Individualism”



Henry Ford

Prohibition

Frances Willard

18th amendment

Scopes “Monkey Trial”

Clarence Darrow

Immigration Acts

Eugenics

Flapper

Tin Pan Alley

Great Migration

Harlem Renaissance

Langston Hughes

Marcus Garvey

Charles Lindbergh

Palmer Raids

Ku Klux Klan

Lost Generation

Glenn Curtis

speculation

19th amendment



1. ____________________ – a political activist who emphasized racial pride and black nationalism. Formed the Universal Negro Improvement Association

2. ____________________–of 1921, 1924, and 1929 were designed to keep out immigrants from Eastern and Southern Europe

3. ____________________– became the first person to fly across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927

4. ____________________– about two million African-Americans move out of the south to the Northeast and Midwestern United States in search of better opportunities

5. ____________________– group of writers such as F. Scott Fitzgerald, Earnest Hemmingway, Sinclair Lewis who rejected the idea of material wealth in favor of spirituality.

6. ____________________ – engineer, entrepreneur introduced the assembly line production of automobiles

7. _____________________– prohibits the sale, manufacture and distribution of alcohol

8. _____________________– elected President in 1920 enacted highest tariff in history, lowered taxes and restricted immigration.

9. _____________________– early aviation pioneer known for his design of the first seaplane giving birth to the US Naval Aviation

10. ____________________– famous defense attorney; defending John T. Scopes in the “Monkey Trial”

11. ____________________ – in addition to fighting for women’s rights, prison reform, and an 8 hour workday she was the most outspoken voice in the temperance movement.

12. ____________________– government officials convicted of accepting bribes for leasing federal land to oil companies

13. ____________________– granting women the right to vote

14. ____________________– the purchase of any item in the hope of selling it later at a higher price

15. ____________________– pseudo-scientific belief that the human race could be improved by breeding

16. ____________________– style many women adopted of shorter dresses shorter hair rejecting the more tradition fashion and lifestyle

17. ____________________– campaign slogan placing emphasis on peacetime production and prosperity at home.

18. ____________________– pro-business President known for saying “the chief business of America is business”

19. ____________________– Hoover’s belief that America’s greatness was made possible by the ideas of equal opportunity, free education, and a will to succeed

20. ____________________– wave of panic and hysteria in America caused by a fear of Communism and anarchy.



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