Do not repeat from material between answers ,nor should you repeat material used in your assessed essays. You may not discuss any single text that you have written on elsewhere in the examination or in the assessed essay, but you may make use of a different text by a writer you have discussed elsewhere.
Answer 3 questions, at least two should be from section B.
How far does ‘Sensibility’ underpin and/or distract from the politics of the period? You should deal with at least two authors in your answer.
Discuss the different attitudes to ‘sympathy’ taken in the political prose of the 1790s?
Is satire in the 1790s intrinsically conservative? Discuss in relation to verbal and/or visual forms of satire.
How far is ‘bardic’ literature to be understood as a form of nostalgia?
Discuss the politics of appeals to ‘nature’ in the period.
How do Gothic fantasies of pursuit and imprisonment relate to the anxieties generated by the French Revolution and English responses to it?
Discuss the importance of Christian values to ideas of ‘liberty’ in the period.
1. ‘Why call her to independence – which not nature, but the barbarous and accursed laws of society, have denied her’ (Mary Hays). Discuss the treatment of independence by women novelists you have encountered on the course.
2. Discuss the relationship between poetic form and/or language and the aspiration to revolutionary change in the period’s poetry. You should discuss at least two poets.
3. How do the novels of the period mediate the relationship between ‘domestic’ and ‘public’ issues?
4. ‘Perhaps a Novel may gain attention, when arguments of the soundest sense and most perfect eloquence shall fail to arrest the feet of the Trifler from the specious paths of the new Philosophy’ (George Walker). Discuss the strategies adopted by novelists writing against ‘the new Philosophy’.
5. What difference ought a ‘four nation’ approach make to our understanding of the literature of the period? You should discuss at least two authors in your answer.
6. ‘The most unfailing herald, companion, and follower of the awakening of a great people to work a beneficial change in opinion or institution, is Poetry’ (Shelley). Discuss the relationship between poetry and change in the period.
7. ‘The master theme of the epoch in which we live – the French Revolution’ (Shelley). How far did the French Revolution remain a ‘master theme’ even for literature written after 1800?
8. Do the essayists of the period, William Hazlitt and Leigh Hunt among them, move their medium towards a more democratic form of writing?
9. ‘Faith in an apocalypse by revolution ... gave way to faith in an apocalypse by imagination or cognition’. (M. H. Abrams). How accurate do you find this description of Romanticism? Discuss at least two authors in your answer.
10. Write an essay on writing from the period after 1800 by any two authors in relation to themes and issues not raised elsewhere on this examination paper.