Eleanor Roosevelt (W. O. W. Hero) Study Guide Eleanor was very shy

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Eleanor Roosevelt (W.O.W. Hero) Study Guide

  • Eleanor was very shy.

  • She was born into a very wealthy (rich) family in New York.

  • Both her parents died when she was young and she went to live with her grandmother.

  • Eleanor went to an all-girls boarding school in England at age 15.

  • Eleanor helped immigrants learn how to read without receiving any pay.

  • Eleanor married Franklin D. Roosevelt and he became president. This made Eleanor’s title First Lady.

  • Mrs. Roosevelt was considered to be a very plain woman and did not like being fancy. She didn’t act like she was better than everyone else just because she was the First Lady.

  • She was very tolerant and believed that ALL humans should have basic rights.

  • People called Eleanor the president’s “eyes and ears” because she traveled a lot and gave speeches for him after he became sick with polio and couldn’t travel as much.

  • Eleanor gave speeches on the radio and also granted interviews to reporters that were women (which had never been done before)

  • Eleanor was the first “First Lady” to fly in an airplane. She flew on airplanes during World War II (WWII) to visit with American soldiers.

  • She worked with Mary McLeod Bethune to help African Americans gain rights.

  • Mrs. Roosevelt helped start the United Nations (UN) to help keep peace among all nations.

  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights ensures that all people have rights around the world.

  • Eleanor practiced cooperation daily and enjoyed helping others. She was tolerant of other’s beliefs and was diligent in helping secure rights for all humans.

Susan B. Anthony (W.O.W. Hero) Study Guide

  • Susan B. Anthony was born and lived most of her life in the northeastern United States (mainly in New York).

  • She grew up in a time in which only free white males could vote.

  • Susan’s family went to a Quaker church where all members were treated equally. This is what helped her form her beliefs that men and women should be equal.

  • Anthony’s first job was as a teacher because it was one of the only jobs a woman could hold at that time.

  • Some of the first people Susan wanted to help were slaves.

  • Her father was an abolitionist and wanted to abolish slavery. Susan believed the same thing.

  • Susan B. Anthony worked closely with Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Anthony’s main job was to give speeches that were written by Stanton.

  • In 1860, the New York State Legislature passed a law that allowed married women to own property. This was a very big deal!

  • Anthony and Stanton were members of two very important groups: Women’s National Loyal League and Anti-Slavery Society.

  • Suffrage means the right to vote.

  • Susan B. Anthony got arrested in 1872 for voting. Officials said it was illegal for women to vote. She was supposed to pay a fine of $100 (which was A LOT of money back then), but she never paid it.

  • Most people thought Susan was a hero by 1896 but a few still saw her as a troublemaker.

  • Anthony died before women won the right to vote in the United States.

  • Susan showed diligence by never giving up trying to change the laws in favor of women’s suffrage. She also showed cooperation when she worked closely with others like Frederick Douglass and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

  • Women won the right to vote across the entire United States in 1920.

Mary McLeod Bethune (W.O.W. Hero) Study Guide

  • Mary was born in 1875 in South Carolina. She was the 15th of 17 children and the first one in her family that was not a slave.

  • White children and black children could not go to school together at the time.

  • She was determined to learn how to read and went to school for African American children at age 11.

  • When she couldn’t learn any more in her school, she went to Scotia Seminary in North Carolina. There she learned table manners and how to clean, bake, study, play music, and debate. She saw fancy things she was not used to at home.

  • Mary went to Moody Bible College in Chicago, Illinois after finishing school at Scotia. She wanted to be a missionary and go to Africa. She couldn’t go because the churches that sent missionaries would not send African Americans.

  • She became a teacher in Augusta, Georgia and taught African American children.

  • Bethune started a school in Daytona Beach, Florida for African American girls. She started the school in 1904 with only 5 students and people in the community helped her raise money for her school. Two years later, there were 250 students—boys and girls.

  • Mary McLeod Bethune taught children during the day and taught adults at night.

  • The school was called Bethune-Cookman College.

  • Bethune was in women’s groups but white women and black women couldn’t sit together at the meetings. Segregation is the system of keeping people of different races apart. She met Eleanor Roosevelt at some of these meetings!

  • Mary respected the authority of the presidents (Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover) so she was happy to attend meetings of leaders that wanted to help children.

  • First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt told her husband, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, how Bethune wanted justice for all people and how much she cared about children.

  • FDR asked her to work in the National Youth Administration (NYA). She had more responsibility than any other African American person at that time. When she was working at the NYA, she lived in Washington, DC. In the NYA, she helped young people go to work.

  • Mary finally got to go to Africa in 1952 when she was very old. She was honored with the Star of Africa Award when she went to Liberia.

  • Bethune-Cookman college is still in Daytona Beach, Florida.

  • Mary McLeod Bethune was the first woman and first African American to be honored with a statue in a public park in Washington, DC.

  • Mary respected authority and showed tolerance and diligence during her lifetime.

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