Literature related to effective schooling has been gathered together in this bibliography. Research reports, syntheses, meta-analyses, reviews, and analytical commentaries are included. References listed in the preceding section, plus many others, can be found here in full bibliographic form.
For those who wish to delve more deeply into topics addressed in the preceding pages, but do not have time to read every document cited in the bibliography, we have identified an array of high-quality summaries and reviews. These are marked with an asterisk (*).
Finally, we need to remind readers that this bibliography is not comprehensive. While we believe that the core of the literature is well represented, some studies not cited here may well be important in furthering the understanding of educational effectiveness.
"Ability Grouping Effects on Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem: Who Performs in the Long Run as Expected." Journal of Educational Research 79/1 (September/October 1985): 36-40.
"Ability Grouping Effects on Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem in a Southwestern School District." Journal of Educational Research 77/7 (May/June 1984): 287-292.
Refinements in Teaching Comprehension: Who Should Ask the Questions? Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Illinois Reading Council, Peoria, IL, March 1985 (ED 255 874).
Affleck, J. Q.; Madge, S.; Adams, A.; and Lowenbraun, S.
"Integrated Classroom versus Resource Model: Academic Viability and Effectiveness." Exceptional Children 54/4 (January 1988): 339-348.
Agne, K. J.; Greenwood, G. E.; and Miller, L. D.
"Relationships Between Teacher Belief Systems and Teacher Effectiveness." The Journal of Research and Development in Education 27/3 (1994): 141-152.
Allen, H. L., and Tadlock, J. A.
Disaggregating Pupil Performance Scores: Evaluating School Effectiveness." Jackson, MS: Jackson Public Schools, 1987 (ED 299 291).
Allen, J. D.
"Classroom Management: Students' Perspectives, Goals, and Strategies." American Educational Research Journal 23/3 (Fall 1986): 437-459.
A Study to Determine the Effectiveness of a Positive Approach to Discipline System for Classroom Management. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Los Angeles, CA, April 1981 (ED 203 490).
Allington, R. J., and Johnson, P.
"Coordination, Collaboration, and Consistency: The Redesign of Compensatory and Special Education Interventions." In Effective Programs for Students at Risk, edited by R. E. Slavin, N. L. Karweit, and N. A. Madden. Boston: Allyn & Bacon, 1989, 320-354.
Principal Roles, Other In-School Variables, and Academic Achievement by Ethnicity and SES. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA, 1986 (ED 268 664).
Arcia, E., and Gallagher, J. J.
Parity or Equity: Can We Even Tell? Chapel Hill, NC: North Carolina University, Carolina Institute for Child and Family Policy, 1992 (ED 350 775).
"Time, Equality, and Mastery Learning." Review of Educational Research 54/1 (Spring 1984): 65-86.
"Research on Teaching Social Studies." In Handbook of Research on Teaching, Third Edition, edited by M. C. Wittrock. New York: Macmillan, 1986, 942-951.
Armor, D.; Conry-Oseguera, P.; Cox, M.; King, N.; McDonnell, L.; Pascal, A.; Pauly, E.; and Zellman, G.
Analysis of the School Preferred Reading Program in Selected Los Angeles Minority Schools. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation, 1976 (ED 130 243).
Arter, J. A.; Spandel, V.; Culham, R.; and Pollard, J.
The Impact of Training Students to Be Self-Assessors of Writing. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, April 1994 (ED 370 975).
Arterbury, E., and Hord, S. M.
"Site-Based Decision Making: Its Potential for Enhancing Learner Outcomes." Issues...about Change 1/4 (1991): entire issue.
"Humanitas: A Thematic Curriculum." Educational Leadership 49/2 (October 1991): 16-19.
Linking Schools With Human Service Agencies. ERIC/CUE Digest 62. New York: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, February 1990 (ED 319 877).
Raising Hispanic Achievement. ERIC/CUE Digest 26. New York: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, April 1985 (ED 256 842).
Urban School-Community Alliances. Trends and Issues No. 10. New York: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education/Institute for Urban and Minority Education, December 1988 (ED 306 339).
ASCD Panel on Bilingual Education.
Building an Indivisible Nation: Bilingual Education in Context. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, April 1987 (ED 282 973).
Atwood, V. A., and Wilen, W. W.
"Wait Time and Effective Social Studies Instruction: What Can Research in Science Education Tell Us?" Social Education 55/3 (March 1991): 179-181.
Cigarette-Smoking among Adolescents: Recent Research Findings and Prevention Recommendations. Prevention Research Update No. 13. Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, Fall 1994.
Austin, G. R., and Garber, H.
Research on Exemplary Schools. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 1985.
*Austin, G. R., and Holowenzak, D.
"An Examination of 10 Years of Research on Exemplary Schools." In Research on Exemplary Schools, edited by G. A. Austin and H. Garber. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 1985, 65-82.
Autry, L. B., and Langenback, M.
"Locus of Control and Self-Responsibility for Behavior." Journal of Educational Research 79/2 (November/December 1985): 76-84.
"The Impact of School as a Social System on the Formation of Student Intergroup Attitudes and Behavior." Journal of Educational Equity and Leadership 7/2 (Summer 1987): 92-108.
Azumi, J. E., and Lerman, J. L.
"Selecting and Rewarding Master Teachers: What Teachers in One District Think." The Elementary School Journal 88/2 (November 1987): 189-202.
"School-Based Management: Do Teachers Want More Involvement in Decision Making?" Rural Educator 14/1 (Fall 1992): 1-4.
Baecher, R. E.; Cicchelli, T.; and Baratta, A.
Correlates of Successful Dropout Prevention Strategies for At-Risk Children in Urban Schools. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA, March 1989 (ED 313 486).
Bahr, C. M., and Rieth, H. J.
"The Effects of Instructional Computer Games and Drill and Practice Software on Learning Disabled Students' Mathematics Achievement." Computers in the Schools 6/3-4 (1989): 87-101.
Bain, H. P., and Achilles, C. M.
"Interesting Developments on Class Size." Phi Delta Kappan 67/9 (May 1986): 662-665.
Bain, H. P., and Jacobs, R.
The Case for Smaller Classes and Better Teachers. Alexandria, VA: National Association of Elementary School Principals, 1990 (ED 322 632).
*Bain, H.; Lintz, N.; and Word, E.
A Study of First Grade Effective Teaching Practices from the Project Star Class Size Research. A Study of Fifty Effective Teachers Whose Class Average Gain Scores Ranked in the Top 15% of Each of Four School Types in Project STAR. 1989 (ED 321 887).
Bain, J. G., and Herman, J. L.
Improving Opportunities for Underachieving Minority Students: A Planning Guide for Community Action. Los Angeles, CA: UCLA Center for the Study of Evaluation, 1989 (ED 338 736).
Baker, E. L.
Issues in Policy, Assessment, and Equity. Los Angeles, CA: Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, UCLA, 1992 (ED 349 823).
Baksh, I. J., and Martin, W. B. W.
"Teacher Expectation and the Student Perspective." The Clearing House 57/8 (April 1984): 341-343.
Bamburg, J. D.
Raising Expectations to Improve Student Learning. Oak Brook, IL: North Central Regional Educational Laboratory, 1994.
Bamburg, J., and Andrews, R. L.
Goal Consensus in Schools and Student Academic Achievement Gains. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC, April 1987.
Bamburg, J. D., and Andrews, R. L.
"School Goals, Principals and Achievement." School Effectiveness and School Improvement 2/3 (1991): 175-191.
*Bamburg, J., and Andrews, R.
Putting Effective Schools Research to Work: The Process of Change and the Role of the Principal. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, March 1989.
*Bangert-Drowns, R. L.
"The Effects of School-Based Substance Abuse EducationùA Meta-Analysis." Journal of Drug-Education 18/3 (1988): 243-265.
Bangert-Drowns, R. L.
Meta-Analysis of Findings on Computer-Based Education with Precollege Students. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Chicago, IL, March-April 1985 (ED 263-905).
*Bangert-Drowns, R. L., and Bankert, E.
Meta-Analysis of Effects of Explicit Instruction for Critical Thinking. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Boston, MA, April 1990 (ED 328 614).
Bangert-Drowns, R. L.; Kulik, J. A.; and Kulik, C. C.
"Effectiveness of Computer-Based Education in Secondary Schools." Journal of Computer-Based Instruction 12/3 (Summer 1985): 59-68.
Bangert-Drowns, R. L.; Kulik, J. A.; Kulik, C. C.
"Effects of Coaching Programs on Achievement Test Performance." Review of Educational Research 53/4 (Winter 1983): 571-585.
Barak, A.; Engle, C.; Katzir, L.; and Fisher, W. A.
"Increasing the Level of Empathic Understanding by Means of a Game." Simulation & Games 18/4 (December 1987): 458-470.
Barba, R. H., and Merchant, L. J.
"The Effects of Embedding Generative Cognitive Strategies in Science Software." Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching 10/1 (Fall 1990): 59-65.
Barnes, R. W.
An Evaluation of the Youth Awareness Program (YAP), School Year 1983-84. Washington, DC: District of Columbia Public Schools, September 1984 (ED 250 415).
Indicators of Effective Programming for School-to-Work Transition Skills Among Dropouts. Normal, IL: Illinois State University, June 1984 (ED 246 235).
"Finishing Touchesù10 Top Programs." Learning 18/6 (February 1990): 51-55.
Beach, D. P.
"A Training Program to Improve Work Habits, Attitudes, and Values." Journal of Epsilon Pi Tau 8/2 (Fall 1982): 69-74.
*Becher, R. M.
Parent Involvement: A Review of Research and Principles of Successful Practice. Urbana, IL: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, 1984 (ED 247 032).
*Becker, H. J.
The Impact of Computer Use on Children's Learning: What Research Has Shown and What It Has Not. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC, 1987 (ED 287 458).
Beckmann, S. L., and Chapman, S. L.
Narconon Drug Education Program Preliminary Analysis. Los Angeles, CA: Foundation for Advancements in Science and Education, 1989 (ED 312 602).
Behr, G., and Bachelor, B.
Identifying Effective Schools ù A Case Study Involving Black Racially Isolated Minority Schools and Instructional Accomplishments/Information Systems. Los Alamos, CA: SWRL Educational Research and Development, May 1981 (ED 252 627).
Belk, J. A., and Calais, G. J.
Portfolio Assessment in Reading and Writing: Linking Assessment and Instruction to Learning. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA, November 1993 (ED 365 732).
"Bonnie's Research Corner." Prevention Forum 6 (1986).
"Fostering Resiliency in Kids: Protective Factors in the Family, School, and Community." Educational Leadership 51/3 (November 1993): 44-48.
Turning the Corner from Risk to Resiliency. Portland, OR: Western Center for Drug-Free Schools and Communities/San Francisco, CA: Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, 1993 (ED 364 981).
Benard, B., and Fafoglia, B.
"Knowing What to Doùand Not to DoùReinvigorates Drug Education." ASCD Curriculum Update 29/2 (1987): 1-12.
*Bennett, B. B.
The Effectiveness of Staff Development Training Practices: A Meta-Analysis. Dissertation. Eugene, OR: Division of Teacher Education and the Graduate School of the University of Oregon, 1987.
Bennett, C.; Niggle, T.; and Stage, F.
Preservice Multicultural Teacher Education: Predictors of Student Readiness. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Francisco, CA, March 1989 (ED 308 161).
*Bennett, J. P.
"Effectiveness of the Computer in the Teaching of Secondary School Mathematics: Fifteen Years of Reviews of Research." Educational Technology 31/8 (August 1991): 44-48.
New Dimensions in Research on Class Size and Academic Achievement. Madison, WI: National Center on Effective Secondary Schools, 1987 (ED 288 854).
Berliner, D. C.
"Effective Classroom Teaching: The Necessary but Not Sufficient Condition for Developing Exemplary Schools." In Research on Exemplary Schools, edited by G. R. Austin and H. Garber. Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 1985, 127-154.
Berliner, D. C.
"Tempus Educare." In Research in Teaching, edited by P. Peterson and H. Walberg. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan Publishing Corp., 1979.
Berliner, D., and Cassanova, U.
"Effective Schools: Teachers Make the Difference." Instructor 99/3 (October 1989): 14-15.
Berman, P., and McLaughlin, M.
An Exploratory Study of School District Adaptation. Santa Monica, CA: Rand Corporation, 1979.
Berrueta-Clement, J. R.; Barnett, W. S.; and Weikart, D. P.
"Changed LivesùThe Effects of the Perry Preschool Program on Youths Through Age 19: Reviewing and Interpreting Study Outcomes Over Time." In Evaluation Studies Review Annual, Volume 10, edited by L. H. Aiken and B. H. Kehrer. Beverly Hills, CA: SAGE Publications, 1985, 257-279 (ED 313 128).
Berryman, S. E.
Designing Effective Learning Environments: Cognitive Apprenticeship Models. New York: Columbia University, Institute on Education and the Economy, September 1991 (ED 337 689).
Berryman, S. E.
Education and the Economy: A Diagnostic Review and Implications for the Federal Role. New York: Columbia University, Institute on Education and the Economy, July 1988 (ED 314 530).
Bianco, L., and McCormick, S.
"Analysis of Effects of a Reading Study Skill Program for High School Learning Disabled Students." Journal of Educational Research 82/5 (May/June 1989): 282-288.
Bickel, W. E.; Bond, L.; and LeMahieu, P.
Students at Risk of Not Completing High School. A Background Report to the Pittsburgh Foundation. Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh Foundation, August 1986.
"Classroom Discipline." Research Roundup 5/2 (February 1990) (ED 318 133).
Biester, T. W.; Kruss, J.; Meyer, F.; and Heller, B.
Effects of Administrative Leadership on Student Achievement. Philadelphia, PA: Research for Better Schools, 1984 (ED 244 348).
Blai, B., Jr.
"Educational Reform: It's About 'Time'." The Clearing House 60/1 (September 1986): 38-40.
Block, A. W.
Effective Schools: A Summary of Research. Research Brief. Arlington, VA: Educational Research Service, Inc., 1983 (ED 240 736).
Block, J. H., and Burns, R. B.
"Mastery Learning." In Review of Research in Education, Volume 4, edited by L. S. Schulman. Itasca, IL: F. E. Peacock, 1976.
Block, J. H.; Efthim, H. E.; and Burns, R. B.
"How Well Does Mastery Learning Work?" In Building Effective Mastery Learning Schools. New York: Longman, 1989.
Bloom, B. S.
Human Characteristics and School Learning. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1976.
Bloom, B. S.
"A Response to Slavin's Mastery Learning Reconsidered." Review of Educational Research 57/4 (Winter 1987): 507-508.
Bloom, B. S.
"Time and Learning." American Psychologist 29/9 (September 1974): 682-688.
Blum, R. E., and Butler, J. A.
"Managing Improvement by Profiling." Educational Leadership 42/6 (March 1985): 54-58.
Bonds, C.; Cox C., III; and Gantt-Bonds, L.
"Curriculum Wholeness through Synergistic Teaching." The Clearing House 66/4 (March/April 1993): 252-254.
Bonner, T. D., and Aspy, D. N.
"A Study of the Relationship Between Student Empathy and GPA." Humanistic Education and Development 22/4 (June 1984): 149-154.
The Impact of Leadership Behavior of the Superintendent on Restructuring Rural Schools. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Rural Education Association, Traverse City, MI, October 1992 (ED 354 115).
Borger, J. B.; Lo, C.; Oh, S.; and Walberg, H. J.
"Effective Schools: A Quantitative Synthesis of Constructs." Journal of Classroom Interaction 20/2 (Summer 1985): 12-17.
Bossert, S. T.
"Cooperative Activities in the Classroom." In Review of Research in Education, Volume 15, edited by E. L. Rothkopf. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association, 1988a, 225-250.
*Bossert, S. T.
"Effective Elementary Schools." In Reaching for Excellence: An Effective Schools Sourcebook. Washington, DC: National Institute of Education, May 1985.
Bossert, S. T.
"School Effects." In Handbook of Research on Educational Administration, edited by N. J. Boyan. New York: Long-man, 1988b, 341-352.
Bossert, S. T.; Dwyer, D. C.; Rowan, B.; and Lee, G. V.
"The Instructional Management Role of the Principal." Educational Administration Quarterly 18/3 (Summer 1982): 34-64.
"How Smaller Is Better: Some Relationships Between Class Size, Teaching Practices, and Student Achievement." American Educational Research Journal 23/4 (Winter 1986): 558-571.
"Creating a Context for Change." Issues...about Change 2/2 (Spring 1992): entire issue.
Bracey, G. W.
"Computer-Assisted Instruction: What the Research Shows." Electronic Learning 7/3 (November/December 1987): 22-23.
Bracey, G. W.
"Computers and Learning: The Research Jury Is Still Out." Electronic Learning 8/2 (October 1988): 28, 30.
Bradtmueller, W. G., and Egan, J. B.
To Question or Not to Question: That Seems to Be the Question. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Great Lakes Regional Conference of the International Reading Association, Springfield, IL, October 1983 (ED 248 492).
"On Leadership and Student Achievement: A Conversation with Richard Andrews." Educational Leadership 45/1 (September 1987): 9-16.
Bransford, J. D.; Burns, M. S.; Delclos, V. R.; and Vye, N. J.
"Teaching Thinking: Evaluating Evaluations and Broadening the Data Base." Educational Leadership 44/2 (October 1986): 68-70.
Brattesani, K. A.; Weinstein, R. S.; and Marshall, H. H.
"Student Perceptions of Differential Teacher Treatment as Moderators of Teacher Expectation Effects." Journal of Educational Psychology 76/2 (April 1984): 236-247.
Vision: TEST (Technologically Enriched Schools of Tomorrow) Final Report: Recommendations for American Educational Decision Makers. Eugene, OR: The International Society for Technology in Education, October 1990 (ED 327 173).