2009 - Associate Professor of History, San Diego State University
Assistant Professor of History, San Diego State University
Assistant Professor of History, Kean University
2005 Associate Editor, Kentucky Historical Society
2003-2004 Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Sociology, Baylor University
2003 Ph.D., History, University of Kentucky
Dissertation: “Gilded Crosses: Race, Religion, and the Reforging of American Nationalism, 1865-1898”
Winner, C. Vann Woodward Dissertation Prize from the Southern Historical Association
2001 M.A., History, University of Kentucky
1999 B.A., History, University of Michigan
Honors, Department of History
The Color of Christ: The Son of God and the Saga of Race in America, co-authored with Paul Harvey (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, forthcoming 2012).
W. E. B. Du Bois, American Prophet (University of Pennsylvania Press, cloth 2007; paperback, 2009).
Finalist, Grawemeyer Award in Religion, Louisville Presbyterian Theological Seminary and the University of Louisville (1 of 3 finalists).
Honorable Mention, Gustavus Myers Book Award
Reforging the White Republic: Race, Religion, and American Nationalism, 1865-1898 (Louisiana State University Press, cloth 2005; paperback 2007).
Gustave O. Arlt Award in the Humanities, The Council of Graduate Schools (2009)
Peter Seaborg Award for Civil War Scholarship, given by the George Tyler Moore Center for the Study of the Civil War, Shepherd University (2006)
Honorable Mention, Gustavus Myers Book Award (2005)
Edited Volumes The Columbia Guide to Religion in American History, edited with Paul Harvey (New York: Columbia University Press, 2012).
Major Problems in American History, Volumes 1 and 2 (Third Editions), edited with Elizabeth Cobbs Hoffman and Jon Gjerde (Boston: Cengage 2011).
The Souls of W. E. B. Du Bois: New Essays and Reflections, edited with Jason R. Young (Mercer University Press, cloth 2009).
Vale of Tears: New Essays in Religion and Reconstruction, edited with W. Scott Poole (Mercer University Press, cloth, 2005; paperback 2005).
“‘Look, Baby, We Got Jesus on Our Flag’: Robust Democracy and Religious Debate from the Era of Slavery to the Age of Obama,” The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, special edition on “Race, Religion, and Late Democracy,” 637 (September 2011): 17-37.
Forum, “American Religion and ‘Whiteness.’” Religion and American Culture 19, no. 1 (Spring 2009): 1-10.
“The Contact of Living Souls: Interracial Friendship, Faith, and African American Memories of Slavery and Freedom,” Journal for the Study of Radicalism 3, no. 1 (2009): 89-110.
“God’s Imperialism: Mark Twain and the Religious Battle Between Imperialists and Anti-Imperialists,” Mark Twain Studies 2 (October 2006): 35-38. Reprinted in the Journal of Transnational American Studies “‘There Won’t Be Any Rich People in Heaven:’ Black Christs, White Hypocrites, and the Gospel According to W. E. B. Du Bois,” The Journal of African American History 90, no. 4 (Fall 2005): 368-386.
“The Soul of W. E. B. Du Bois,” Philosophia Africana 7, no. 2 (August 2004): 1-15 (special edition commemorating the centennial of The Souls of Black Folk).
“‘Paul Has Been Forgotten’: Women, Gender, and Revivalism during the Gilded Age,” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 3, no. 3 (July 2004): 247-270.
“The Crucible of Disease: Trauma, Memory, and National Reconciliation during the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1878,” The Journal of Southern History 69, no. 4 (November 2003): 791-820.
“‘Beginning a New War’: Religion, Race, and Reunion after Lincoln’s Assassination,” Mid-America: An Historical Review 84, nos. 1-3 (Winter/Summer/Fall 2002): 27-54.
“Gilded Crosses: Postbellum Revivalism and the Reforging of American Nationalism,” Journal of Presbyterian History 79, no. 4 (Winter 2001): 277-292.
“‘I Have Seen Miracles in My Life’: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Religious Limits of Secularism,” in Vincent W. Lloyd and Elliot Ratzman, eds., Secular Faith (Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2010): 102-125.
“A Subversive Savior: Manhood and African American Images of Christ in the Early Twentieth-Century South,” in Craig T. Friend, ed., Southern Masculinity: Perspectives on Manhood in the South since Reconstruction (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2009): 150-173.
“Lynching as Crucifixion: Violence and the Sacred Imagination of W. E. B. Du Bois,” in Edward J. Blum and Jason R. Young, eds., The Souls of W. E. B. Du Bois: New Essays and Reflections (Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2009): 188-208.
“God of Wrath, God of Peace: Popular Religion, Popular Press, and the Meaning of the Civil War during Reconstruction,” in David Sachsman, ed., Words at War: The Civil War and American Journalism (West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 2008).
“Of Saints and Sinners: Religion and the Civil War and Reconstruction Novel,” in David Sachsman, ed., Myth and Memory: The Civil War in Fiction and Film from Uncle Tom’s Cabin to Cold Mountain (West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University Press, 2007): 127-136.
Michael O. Emerson and Edward J. Blum, “Dreams,” in Michael O. Emerson People of the Dream: Multiracial Congregations in the United States (Princeton University Press, 2006), 5-27.
“‘O God of a Godless Land’: Northern African American Challenges to White Christian Nationhood, 1865-1906,” in Vale of Tears: New Essays in Religion and Reconstruction, eds. Edward J. Blum and W. Scott Poole (Mercer University Press, 2005), 93-111.
Op-Ed Essays and National Interviews Editorial, “Obama’s Nod to the Black Church,” Washington Post online, April 6, 2010.
Editorial, “Sympathy, Frustration and Reform: A Response to Eddie Glaude’s The Black Church is Dead,” Religion Dispatches, March 10, 2010.
Television Interview, “The Election of Barack Obama,” Fox San Diego, November 6, 2008. 6:10 am
Editorial, “Neither Christ, Nor Antichrist: A Reflection on the Election of Barack Obama,” Religion Dispatches, November 6, 2008. Radio Interview, “Where Does America Go From Here?” on These Days with Tom Fudge, November 5, 2008. Radio Interview, “Pentecostalism and Politics” on These Days with Tom Fudge, September 18, 2008. Author Interview, “Religion Dispatches Ten Questions,” Religion Dispatches, June 19, 2008. Feature Interview with Jamie Reno, “Prophets and Politicians: Why Reverend Wright Said What He Did,” Newsweek, March 19, 2008. Editorial, “God Damn America in Black and White,” History News Network, March 17, 2008. Editorial, “What Barack Obama (and the Democratic Party) Can Learn About Religion from W. E. B. Du Bois,” History News Network, July 16, 2007. Radio Interview, “The Soul of W. E. B. Du Bois,” Black History Month with WMBI Chicago (aired in February 2004)
Book Reviews and Essays “An American Original: Review of Paul C. Gutjahr’s The Book of Mormon: A Biography,” in Christian Century, 129, no. 17 (August 22, 2012): 38-39.
“Spiritualized Warfare: Review of George C. Rable’s God’s Almost Chosen Peoples: A Religious History of the American Civil War and Sean A. Scott’s A Visitation of God: Northern Civilians Interpret the Civil War,” in Christian Century, 128, no. 3 (November 15, 2011): 36-37.
Kevin Schultz, Tri-Faith America: How Catholics and Jews Held America to its Protestant Promise, at Religion Dispatches, August 31, 2011.
“Review of Nell Irvin Painter’s The History of White People,” in Christian Century (December 28, 2010): 36-37.
Robert J. Norrell, Up from History: The Life of Booker T. Washington, in the Journal of Religion 90 (April 2010): 257-258.
“Review of Barbara Dianne Savage’s Your Spirits Walk Beside Us: The Politics of Black Religion,” in Christian Century, 126, no. 13 (June 30, 2009): 35-37.
Response to Panel Review of W. E. B. Du Bois, American Prophet, in Journal of Southern Religion, Volume 11 (2009).
“Racial Distrust in America: Review of John L. Jackson’s Racial Paranoia: The Unintended Consequences of Political Correctness,” in National Catholic Reporter (September 19, 2008): 21 and 23.
“Review of Drew Gilpin Faust’s This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War,” in Christian Century, 125 no. 13 (July 1, 2008): 40-41.
Orville Vernon Burton, The Age of Lincoln, in the Journal of American History (March 2008), 1263-1264.
“Still Bloody, Still Tragic: The History of Reconstruction,” comparative review of Stephen Budiansky’s The Bloody Shirt: Terror after Appomattox and Michael W. Fitzgerald’s Splendid Failure: Postwar Reconstruction in the American South, in H-CivWar (June 2008). Reprinted at The History News Network Charles W. Calhoun, Conceiving a New Republic: The Republican Party and the Southern Question, 1869-1900, in the Journal of Southern History (February 2008), 206-207.
“After the Lynch Mob: A Review of Dora Apel and Shawn Michelle Smith, Lynching Photographs,” New York Sun (January 30, 2008), pg. 16.
“Marcus Garvey’s Operation Dixie: A Review Essay of Mary G. Rolinson’s Grassroots Garveyism: The Universal Negro Improvement Association in the Rural South, 1920-1927,” in Reviews in American History, September 2007, 419-424.
Panel Review, Colin Kidd, The Forging of the Races: Race and Scripture in the Protestant Atlantic World, 1600-2000 (Cambridge University Press) in Journal of Southern Religion, volume 10 (2007).
“Lincoln’s New Men: A Review Essay of Kenneth L. Deutsch and Joseph R. Fornieri, eds., Lincoln’s American Dream: Clashing Political Perspectives ,” in The Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Society 28, no. 2 (Summer 2007): 90-93.
Edward J. Robinson, To Save My Race from Abuse: The Life of Samuel Robert Cassius, in the American Historical Review (December 2007), 1546-1547.
Michele Mitchell, Righteous Propagation: African Americans and the Politics of Racial Destiny after Reconstruction, in H-South, H-Net Reviews, April 2006 (online review).
Response to Fitzhugh Brundage, feature review of Reforging the White Republic, in the Journal of Southern Religion Vol. 8 (2005).
“Grapes of Wrath: A Review Essay of Harry S. Stout’s Upon the Altar of The Nation: A Moral History of the Civil War,” in Books & Culture (March/April 2005): 15, 18.
James B. Bennett, Religion and the Rise of Jim Crow in New Orleans, in The Journal of Southern Religion, October 2005 (online review).
Paul Harvey, Freedom’s Coming: Religious Culture and the Shaping of the South from the Civil War through the Civil Rights Era, in H-South, H-Net Reviews, May 2005 (online review).
C. A. Tripp, The Intimate World of Abraham Lincoln, in H-CivWar, H-Net Reviews, May 2005 (online review).
David Williams, Teresa Crisp Williams, and David Carlson, Plain Folk in a Rich Man’s War: Class and Dissent in Confederate Georgia, in H-South, H-Net Reviews, June 2004 (online review).
John Stauffer, The Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race, in H-CivWar, H-Net Reviews, May 2003 (online review).
Jason Bivins, The Fracture of Good Order: Christian Antiliberalism and the Challenge to American Politics, in The Journal of Southern History.
HONORS AND AWARDS
2012 Favorite Faculty Award
Residential Education, San Diego State University
2011-2012 Fulbright Fellowship
Senior Professor, United States History, Free University of Berlin, Germany
(awarded, but declined due to family illness)
2011 Outstanding Faculty Member
History Department, San Diego State University
2010 Favorite Faculty Award
Residential Education, San Diego State University
Fellow, Calvin Seminars in Christian Scholarship
“Religion, War, and the Meaning of America” led by Professor Harry Stout
Calvin Seminars in Christian Scholarship
2009 Gustave O. Arlt Award in the Humanities for Reforging the White Republic
Prize for best first book by a historian published from 2001 to 2008
“The Holy Face of Race: The Whiteness of Christ and Major Shifts in American Culture,” Humanities Collective, University of California, Irvine, January 17, 2012.
Keynote Address, “‘To Doubt This Would be to Doubt God’: Providential Problems and Millennial Musings in America’s Religious Reconstruction,” Conference on Millennialism and Providentialism in the Era of the American Civil War, Rice University, October 2, 2010.
“Christ, Color, and Comedy: How the Lord became a Laughingstock in Modern America,” African American Forum, Rice University, September 30, 2010.
“When Heaven and Earth Collide: How Religion Explodes the Worlds of Everyday Americans,” Panel Discussion, “Re-Imagining American Religions: A Conversation on New World Cultures through the 21st Century,” Department of Religious Studies, University of California, Riverside, March 5, 2010.
“Jesus in Red, White, and Black,” Loyola Marymount University, February 25, 2010.
“Yellow Fever, 1878: How Disease Healed an Ailing Nation,” at the Free University of Berlin, Germany, sponsored by the Department of History at the John F. Kennedy Institute, June 18, 2009.
“‘His Soul on Fire’: Finding the Soul in W. E. B. Du Bois’s The Souls of Black Folk,” W. E. B. Du Bois Lectures – Du Bois Distinguished Lecturers,” at Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany, sponsored by the Department of American Studies, June 16, 2009.
“Abraham Lincoln’s Last Days: Hero, Martyr, and Civil Rights Inspiration,” for traveling exhibit Abraham Lincoln: A Man of His Time, a Man for All Times sponsored by the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History and the National Endowment for the Humanities, San Diego Public Library, April 11, 2009.
“Finding God in Questions of Racism, Violence, and War: The Sacred Questions and Answers of W. E. B. Du Bois,” Princeton University, October 23, 2008.
“The Noose and the Cross: Race, Religion, and the Redemption of Violence in the Works of W. E. B. Du Bois,” University of Houston, April 3, 2008.
“‘Come on God, Get Up and Fight’: How Upton Sinclair, Langston Hughes, and W. E. B. Du Bois Tried to Save Jesus,” University of California, Riverside, February 26, 2008.
“In Search of the Father’s Village: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Spirituality of the Struggle,” Dr. Robert Michael Franklin’s presidential symposium on Culture, Spiritual Values, and the Pursuit of Excellence in Higher Education, Morehouse College, February 14, 2008.
Symposium on W. E. B. Du Bois, American Prophet, History Department and African American Studies, Emory University, February 13, 2008.
“They Lynched Christ, Too: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Redemption of America’s Violent Past,” The Institute for the Study of Religion, Violence, and Memory, The University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh, February 7, 2008.
“‘Help For God’s Sake!’ Race and Religion in the United States,” Center for Race, Religion, and Urban Life (CORRUL), Rice University, November 9, 2007.
“The Religious Life and Times of W. E. B. Du Bois,” Race and Religion Workshop, The University of Chicago, October 2, 2007.
“‘I Wonder Where Christ’s Gone?’ How Langston Hughes and W. E. B. Du Bois Tried to Save Jesus,” Religious Cultures of the African Diaspora: New Trajectories of Inquiry, Rochester University, September 20, 2007.
“The Color of the Cross: Jesus Christ in Black America,” panel discussion, Harvard Divinity School, April 23, 2007.
“Reforging the White Republic: New Perspectives on American Nationalism,” Shepherd University, September 14, 2006.
“Reconstruction and Reunion in Pictures,” Filson Historical Society, August 25, 2006.
“Religion and W. E. B. Du Bois’s Pan-African Imagination,” invited public lecture with the Carolina Lowcountry & Atlantic World Seminar Series at the College of Charleston, January 30, 2004.
“‘Surely Thou… art not white, O Lord’: African American Challenges to White Christian Nationhood, 1865-1906,” invited public lecture at the Harvard Divinity School, Boston, Massachusetts, December 5, 2002.
“Patience with God: Religious Belief in the Mind, Life, and Times of W. E. B. Du Bois,” invited public lecture at the Moody Bible Institute, Chicago, Illinois, December 3, 2003.
Selected Conference Papers
“Satan and Secession: Evil and the Crisis of the Union,” American Historical Association, January 7, 2012.
“Give the Devil His Due: National Division and Concepts of Evil in the Civil War Era,” American Historical Association, January 8, 2010.
“From National Loyalty to Racial Supremacy: Imagined Communities in Reconstruction Political Cartoons and Utopian Fiction,” symposium on Reconstruction, Representation, and the Rule of the ‘Democratic Game’ at the Free University of Berlin, June 19, 2009.
“The Religious Life and Times of W. E. B. Du Bois,” American Historical Association, January 3, 2008.
Panelist, War and Religion in North America, American Academy of Religion, November 19, 2007.
“‘The Contact of Living Souls’: Remembering Reconstruction’s Northern White Teachers During the Age of Jim Crow,” Southern Historical Association, November 3, 2007
Panelist, Teaching About Race in the Post-Civil Rights Era, American Studies Association, October 13, 2007.
“The White Republic Triumphant: Whiteness, Utopianism, and Imagination in the Gilded Age,” Society for Historians of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, Washington, DC, January 5, 2007.
“‘Jesus was a Black Man’: Images of Christ among African American Men, 1900-1966,” Christ in Contemporary Cultures: A Cultural Studies Conference, Gordon College, Boston, September 29, 2006.
“‘No North, No South, No Sectionalism in Politics, No Sex in Citizenship’: National Reconciliation and White Supremacy in the Making of the Women's Christian Temperance Union,” paper delivered at the Southern Historical Association, Memphis, Tennessee, November 5, 2004.
“‘Hear Us Good Lord’: Religion and the Sociological Imagination of W. E. B. Du Bois,” paper delivered at the Southern Sociological Association, Atlanta, Georgia, April 16, 2004.
“‘For God, and Home, and Native Land’: Religion, Nationalism, and White Supremacy in the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union,” paper delivered at the Southwestern Social Sciences Association, Corpus Christi, Texas, March 20, 2004.
“‘The white flag waves! Our hearts are conquered now:’ Trauma, Nationalism, and Civil War Memories during the Yellow Fever Outbreak of 1878,” paper delivered at the American Historical Association, Washington, D. C., January 10, 2004.
“The Soul of W. E. B. Du Bois: Religion and the Intellectual Imagination,” paper delivered at the Association for the Study of African American Life and History, Milwaukee, September 27, 2003.
“Race, Gender, and the Transforming Power of Missionary Work in the Reconstruction South,” paper delivered with the “Sex and Gender Paper Session: Gender in the South,” at the American Sociological Association, Atlanta, Georgia, August 17, 2003.
Organizer of panel, Religion and the Cultures of Reconstruction for the American Society of Church History; delivered paper, “The Contact of Living Souls: Reconstruction Missionary Work as a Transforming Experience,” Presbyterian Theological Seminary, May 9, 2003.
“‘Would you speak to a black boy?’: Reconstruction Education and the Racial Imaginations of White Teachers,” paper delivered at the Southern History of Education Society, Georgia State University,March 15, 2003.
“‘His Work Is Finished, Ours Is Yet Undone’: Race, Religion, and American National Identity after Lincoln’s Assassination,” paper delivered at the America Studies Association, Houston, Texas, November 17, 2002.
“Of Saints and Sinners: Religion and the Civil War and Reconstruction Novel,” paper delivered at the “Symposium on the Nineteenth-Century Press, the Civil War, and Free Expression,” Chattanooga, Tennessee, November 9, 2001.
“Challenging Protestantism from Within: Sarah F. Smiley and the Female Writer and Preacher,” paper delivered at conference, “Women in Print: Authors, Publishers, Readers, and More Since 1876,” Madison, Wisconsin, September 15, 2001.
“Race and Religion: Northern Responses to the End of the Civil War,” paper delivered at the Ohio Valley Historical Conference, Western Kentucky University, October 20, 2001.
“Gilded Crosses: Postbellum Revivalism and the Reforging of American Nationalism,” paper delivered at the American Society of Church History Conference, New Haven, Connecticut, March 2001.
“God of War, God of Peace: Popular Religion, Popular Press, and the Memory of the Civil War,” paper delivered at the “Symposium on the Nineteenth-Century Press, the Civil War, and Free Expression,” Chattanooga, Tennessee, November 2000.
“The Gospel of Reconciliation: Dwight Lyman Moody and the Retreat from Reconstruction,” paper delivered at the Ohio Valley History Conference, Murray State, Kentucky, October 2000.
History of the United States, Colonization to 1877
History of the United States, 1865-present
The American Civil War and Reconstruction
United States Religious History
African American History since 1900
African American History before 1900
Peoples of the Past: Biography as History
History of Women in the United States
United States History for Teachers
Race, Class, and Gender
Historical Theory and Methods
Southern Historical Association
American Studies Association
University of Pennsylvania Press
Oxford University Press (USA)
University of North Carolina Press
Louisiana State University Press
University Press of Florida
Rowman and Littlefield Publishers
Northern Illinois University Press
The Journal of Southern History
Nations and Nationalism (UK)
Journal of Religion
Journal of Religious History
Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era
African American Review
Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association
Co-editor, Teaching United States History blog
Historical Consultant for “God in America,” The American Experience. Produced by WGBH, Boston, for the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS). Airdate: September 2010.
Steering Committee for the Symposium on the Nineteenth Century Press, the Civil War, and Free Expression, hosted annually by the Communications Department at the University of Tennessee, Chattanooga, 2006-2009.
Editorial Board, Religion Compass, Religion in Americas section, 2008-
Contributing Editor, “Religion in American History” Blog < http://usreligion.blogspot.com/>
Historical Consultant, Lilly Foundation, Study of Multicultural Churches, headed by Professor Michael O. Emerson, Rice University, 2004-2006
Society Memberships and Service
American Historical Association
Southern Historical Association
Membership Committee, 2007-
Organization of American Historians
American Studies Association
Judge, Best Graduate Paper Prize in Religious History, 2008
American Academy of Religion
American Society of Church Historians
Dr. Michael Kazin
Professor of History
Washington, DC 20057-1305
Dr. Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham
Victor S. Thomas Professor of African and African American Studies