East-west encounters : Indonesia Worksheet (TeacherCopy)



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East-west encounters : Indonesia

Worksheet (TeacherCopy)

Enquiry Question

East-west encounters : Indonesia

Content




Learning Objectives

Knowledge

  • Features of western expansion to Indonesia

  • Effects of western expansion to Indonesia

  • Reponses of Indonesians to western penetration




Skills

  • To observe and comprehend

  • To establish historical images and think creatively

  • To illustrate and explain sources




Attitude

  • To be inquisitive and willing to think

  • To care about and respect historical experience of other nations and to understand with empathy the development of Indonesia







  • Teachers may select or modify the activities in this worksheet so as to suit the learning needs of their students.

Source A


Watch the documentary: Modernisation and transformation in 20th-century southeast Asia : Case study (Indonesia) (00:00-2:15),and complete the tasks in the worksheet.


  1. Refer to Source A, please explain the reasons for western expansion to Indonesia?

  • its important strategic location: Between the Asian and Australian continents and as a gateway of the Indian and Pacific Oceans

  • is a shipping hub between East and West

  • it flourishes spices




  1. How did Holland get Indonesia?

  • In early 17th century, the Dutch Indian Company sent fleets to occupy Indonesia and began Dutch colonial rule over Indonesia.




  1. Please explain the effects of western expansion to Indonesia.

  • The Dutch monopolized spice trade in the region

  • The Dutch colonial government forced the people to grow crops that were beneficial to Holland’s economy

  • The Indonesians paid heavy taxes

  • all anti-Dutch armed forces were suppressed.




Source B

In 2007, an Indonesian expressed on the Internet his views of Dutch rule over Indonesia. Below is an extract of his views.





...the Dutch stole millions of dollars of resources, including royal treasures and heritage from Indonesia... Over 80% of our cultural heritage was stolen by the Dutch.

...The Dutch excluded Javanese and other Indonesians in politics, administration, and the military... the Dutch caused the Java War (1825-30)... a bitter guerrilla conflict in which 200,000 Javanese died...

The Dutch enforced growing of export crops... They raised the land tax and created economic problems.

...We Indonesians will never forget the Dutch slavery and rape of our nation...






  1. How did the writer of Source B see the Dutch administration of Indonesia? Why did he see it in such a way? Explain your answer by citing two evidences in the source. (2+4 marks )

View:

  • The author of Source B holds a very negative view of Dutch rule. He holds that the Dutch imposed forced labour on the Indonesians and ravaged their country. (2 marks)




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