Early History of Buddhism formation of the sangha 8 Kinds of Ordination



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Early History of Buddhism
FORMATION OF THE SANGHA
8 Kinds of Ordination
1. Ordination with the Buddha’s call: “Come, monk . . . .”

EhibhikkhÊpasampadÈ (Ehi-bhikkhu UpasampadÈ)

5 + (1+4+50) + 30 + (3+1000) + (2+250)

2. Ordination by taking refuge in the Triple Gems

SaraÏagamaÏÊpasampadÈ (SaraÏagamana UpasampadÈ)

3. Ordination with the recitation of KammavÈcÈ in a SÉmÈ



ÖatticatutthÊpasampadÈ (Natti-cattuttha UpasampadÈ)

RÈdha, a brahmaÏa



KammavÈcÈ = Öatti + KammavÈcÈ

SÉmÈ = Boundry; Location Limited

Öatti + 3KammavÈcÈ = 4 recitations in a SÉmÈ

4. Ordination with the Buddha’s admonishment



OvÈdapaÍiggahaÏÊpasampadÈ (OvÈda-paÍiggahaÏa UpasampadÈ)

MahÈ Kassapa

5. Ordination with a process of Questions and Answers

PaÌhÈbyÈkaraÏÊpasampadÈ (PaÌhÈ-byÈkaraÏa UpasampadÈ)

SopÈka


Questions on unpleasantness (asubha-niddesa-paÌhÈ)

6. Ordination by accepting the 8 great rules



GarudhammapaÍiggahaÏÊpasampadÈ (Garu-dhamma-paÍiggahaÏa UpasamppadÈ)

GotamÉ


7. Twice of the 3rd type of ordination (ÖatticatutthÊpasampadÈ)

2Öatti + 6KammavÈcÈ = 8 recitations in a SÉmÈ



AÍÍhavÈcikÊpasampadÈ (AÍÍha-vÈcika UpasampadÈ)

Followers of GotamÉ

8. Ordination received through a messenger

DÊtenÊpasampadÈ (DÊtena UpasampadÈ)

AÎÎhakÈsÉ, a courtesan





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