Early Civilization

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Scientific Revolution

Heliocentric – Copernicus’s idea that the Earth revolves around the sun, later proved by Galileo

Geocentric – Catholic Church’s idea that the sun revolves around the Earth

Francis Bacon

Isaac Newton - Gravity

Copernicus- Earth revolves around the sun (Heliocentric)

Law of Gravitation – Isaac Newton

Scientific Method – 5 step plan to solve problems about nature


John Locke- men have natural rights(life, liberty and property)

Montesquieu -


American Revolution

Declaration of Independence- declared independence from Britain, signed July 4, 1776

Thomas Jefferson – wrote much of the Dec of Ind,
French Revolution

Bastille Day – July 14 1789

1st, 2nd, 3rd Estates – 3 layers of French society, most of the pop was in the 3rd Estate

Estates General

Dec. of the Rights of Man and Citizen – similar to the Dec of Ind, listed that all men are created equal

Maximillien Robespierre

Louis XVI

Jean Paul Marat

Guillotine – “humane” method of chopping off noble’s heads

Reign of Terror – during Fr Revolution, when nobles were rounded up and executed

Napoleon- wanted to rule all of Europe but failed (in Russia), exiled and then returned, exiled again

coup d’etat – forced take over of a government/country

Napoleonic Codes- made laws more uniform (for everyone), eliminated unjust treatment (only for men)

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