Early Civilization



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Byzantine Empire

Eastern Roman Empire

Justinian I

Justinian’s Code

Orthodox Church

Mosaics – colored glass tiles

Icon – paintings of releigious figures (saints)

Hagia Sophia – famous church in Constantinople



Middle Ages

Peasants & Serfs

Page(age 7)

Squire – age 14

Knight – age 21, pledged loyalty to Lord in return for land

Chivalry


Vassals

Lords


King/Queen

King vs. Church

Feudalism

Manor


Tithe

Hundred Years War

War of the Roses

Magna Carta- 1215 limited rights of monarchs

Pope- leader of Catholic Church

Three-Field System – grow in 2 fields, leave one field to rest (to regain fertile soil)

Parliament – English government

Crusades- Knights fight Muslims to regain control of Holy Lands

Black Death/Plague- killed millions of Europeans, carried by fleas on rats




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