Early Civilization



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Indus River Valley

Subcontinent – all features of a continent but still part of a continent

Hindu-Kush Mountains

Himalayan Mountains- Northern boundary of India

Indus & Ganges

Monsoons- seasonal winds

Hindu-Caste System- born into a class of people

Untouchables- lowest caste


Ancient China

Huang He River (Yellow River)

Yangzi River

Mandate of Heaven

Shang Dynasty

Zhou Dynasty


Religion

Hinduism- (India), reincarnation, caste system (before 1948), dharma and Karma

Buddhism- offshoot of Hinduism, mostly in Asia (China), 8 fold path, all humans suffer

Christianity- Based in Judaism, recognizes that Jesus is the messiah

Judaism- first monotheistic religion, believe the messiah is yet to come

Daoism


Animism-belief that animals have spirits

Islam


Abbasid Dynasty
Greece

Minoans


Myceneans

Socrates – 1st philosopher, questioning technique, upset rulers, forced to drink poison

Plato – wrote Socrate’s ideas down in The Republic

Aristotle – more concnerned with natural world, teacher of Alexander the great

Pericles

Geography – rocky, rugged, city states were isolated

City-States – polis, developed independently of each other

Athens


Sparta – very war like

Parthenon

Acropolis

Peloponnesian War -Athens vs Sparta

Persian War

Phalanx


Philip II

Alexander the Great

Hellenism
Rome

Patricians – rich members of society

Plebeians – poor members of society

Senate- ruled the country

Pax Romana – period of Roman history of PEACE

Julius Caesar- dictator for life, murdered by fellow senators, wanted too much power

Fall of Rome

Christianity

Aqueducts- provided fresh water through concrete pipes to cities

Arch


Coliseum

Diocletian – separated Roman Empire into East (Byzantine) and West (Rome)

Constantine- first Roman Christian Ruler, ruled in East Roman Empire




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