Early America: Early Claims, Early Conflicts 1492-1763

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Early America: Early Claims, Early Conflicts



Crusades Renaissance Treaty of Tordesillas

nation states Columbian Exchange Reformation

God, Gold, and Glory Mayflower Compact covenant communities

joint stock company colonial charters Jamestown

mercantilism John Smith Parliament

House of Burgesses Powhatan headright system

brown gold John Rolfe middle passage

Virginia Charters Bacon’s Rebellion William Penn

proprietor Cavalier indentured servant

Plymouth Massachusetts Bay John Winthrop

Salem Witch Trials Thomas Hooker Maryland Act of Toleration

King Phillip’s War Roger Williams Anne Hutchison

Quaker holy experiment Puritan

city on a hill plantation economy Navigation Acts

James Oglethorpe salutary neglect cash crop

triangular trade Pequot War Montesquieu

Enlightenment John Locke Rousseau

Ben Franklin Great Awakening Jonathan Edwards

Essay Questions

1. “European colonists generally viewed the Native Americans as inferior people, who could be exploited for the benefit of the colonists.” Assess the validity of this statement. (Think about Native American relationships with English, British, and Spanish.)

2. Could the direction of discovery and colonization in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries have been reversed – that is, could the Aztecs have discovered and colonized Western Europe? Defend your position.

3. What role did un-free labor play in colonial American society?

4. For the period before 1750, analyze the ways in which Britain’s policy of salutary neglect influenced the development of American society as illustrated in the following. Legislative Assemblies, Commerce, Religion.

5. Analyze the extent to which religious freedom existed in the British North American colonies prior to 1700.

6. Imagine that you were one of the leaders of the English settlement in Jamestown. What could you have done to lessen the hardships or to prevent the tragedies that took place during the first fifteen years of settlement.

7. “Puritanism bore within itself the seeds of its own destruction.” Apply this generalization to colonial New England.

8. “Throughout the colonial period, economic concerns had more to do with the settling of British North America than did religious concerns.” Assess the validity of this statement with specific religious or economic examples.

9. To what extent and why did religious toleration increase in the American colonies during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries? Answer with reference the THREE individuals, events, or movements in American religion during this time.

10. To what extent did mercantilism affect the political and economic development of England’s thirteen American colonies?

11. Compare and contrast the goals of the following colonial founders William Penn, John Winthrop, and James Oglethorpe.

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