Fundamental changes have occurred in the global environment for creative works, which produce challenges and opportunities for WIPO. This is most evident in the area of copyright and related rights where digital technology, the Internet and mobile applications are profoundly changing the culture and creative industries.
The following issues and challenges continue to be relevant in the next biennium. As regards, normative and policy related work, a number of outstanding issues remain to be resolved on the copyright normative agenda. Subjects for the future agenda of the Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR) will also need to be identified.
In addition, a key challenge for the Secretariat will be to respond to Member States’ requests for advice in making their national laws compatible with their international obligations.
Developing and least developed countries continue to be challenged by rapid technological developments and the interface of these new technologies with copyright protection systems. It is therefore essential for WIPO to put in place sustainable technical assistance programs which assist such countries to meet related challenges.
In a rapidly changing world which is increasingly dependent upon digital technologies, the biggest infrastructure challenge will be to ensure that rightsholders receive their full due and that rights users have easy, legal access to the copyright content of their choice.
Against the above background, the Program will focus on the following priorities in the next biennium the implementation of which will take duly into account DA Recommendations 1, 6, 12 to 17, 19 and 20.
Normative and Policy Related Work
Two SCCR meetings will be scheduled each year. Advancement of the normative agenda will focus primarily on facilitating substantive negotiations on SCCR agenda items and responding to Member State requests regarding implementation of new and existing treaties. The facilitation work will relate to the proposed broadcasting treaty, limitations and exceptions for libraries, archives and educational and research institutions, as well as for persons with disabilities (other than print disabilities).
The new treaties to be implemented are the Beijing Treaty on Audiovisual Performances and the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled. Work will be undertaken to encourage the implementation of the Beijing and Marrakesh Treaties, in coordination with representatives of the beneficiaries of the Treaties, intermediaries involved with implementation, and Member States.
A number of studies requested by the SCCR and conferences on topical issues will be undertaken during this biennium.
Technical Assistance to Developing Countries and LDCs
Technical assistance to developing countries and LDCs will continue to focus on building technical and knowledge capacity within institutions, such as national copyright offices, and among stakeholders, to facilitate the effective use of the copyright system for social, cultural and economic development. To this end, internal coordination with other Programs which provide technical assistance will be strengthened and awareness and capacity building programs and/or tools for national copyright offices will be designed and developed.
Advancing the Development of Copyright and Related Rights Infrastructure
Work in the area of copyright and related rights infrastructure, will focus on establishing the TAG of Excellence international quality assurance standard for collective management organizations (CMOs) as well as an education program on the transparency, accountability and governance of CMOs.
To complement the above activities, a new portal will be designed and developed in time to deliver many of WIPO’s copyright infrastructure projects via the Internet and in partnership with third parties..
Program 3 collaborates primarily with other Programs as illustrated below:
MAJOR RISKS AND MITIGATION STATEGIES
The inability of the copyright system to adapt to rapid technological change threatens to undermine the relevance of the copyright system.
Continuation of awareness-raising activities and initiatives to demonstrate the importance of copyright.
% of countries that have provided positive feedback about WIPO’s legislative advice
n/a in 2014
(biennial survey to be conducted in 2015)
70% of respondents satisfied with advice offered
III.2 Enhanced human resource capacities able to deal with the broad range of requirements for the effective use of IP for development in developing countries, LDCs and countries with economies in transition
15 ABC constituent members registered (cumulative)
Four donors contribute funding (cumulative)
No. of legal instruments, guidelines, statements of principles other than binding instruments with the participation of the stakeholders concerned in areas such as new copyright treaties and Copyright in the Digital Environment
One (IP and Sports Guidelines)
RESOURCES FOR PROGRAM 3
The overall resources for Program 3 in 2016/17 remain at the same level as in 2014/15. A slight reduction can be observed in personnel resources following the transfer of the responsibilities for the WCC to Program 15 (Business Solutions for IP Offices) which is offset by a net increase in non-personnel resources reflecting, on the one hand: a) the transfer of responsibilities for copyright economic studies to Program 16 (Economics and Statistics) and, on the other hand, b) increased emphasis on TAG, theinternational quality assurance standard for CMOs; a new portal on Copyright Infrastructure; and the Accessible Books Consortium (ABC). The changes are reflected in resource variations for Expected Results IV.2, V.2 and III.2 between the two biennia.
Program 3: Resources by Result
(In thousands of Swiss francs)
Program 3: Resources by Object of Expenditure
(In thousands of Swiss francs)
Funds in Trust Potentially Available for Programming in 2016/17 (BY PROGRAM)1
(in thousands of Swiss francs)
1The figures do not include interest and exchange rate adjustments. It should also be noted that these funds generally provide for activities spanning a period of time exceeding or overlapping a single biennium, as income is received and expenditure incurred.
2These figures are purely indicative and are based on previous funding patterns. They do not represent Member States' commitments except in those cases where the FIT Agreement includes such a commitment.
3Annual contributions vary and fluctuations have been observed from one year to another.